Kadavur Slender Loris Sanctuary in Tamilnadu is India’s first Slender Loris Wildlife Sanctuary. Slender Loris is the primate that is closest to humanity. These animals are known as ‘Kutti Thevangu‘ in Tamil and Malayalam languages.
This Slender Loris Sanctuary is spread over 11,806 hectares in the Karur and Dindigul districts of Tamilnadu state in India.
These animals are native to India and Sri Lanka. They come in two colors; Grey and Red. Gray Slender Loris is found in both countries, whereas Red Slender Loris is found only in Sri Lanka.
Slender Loris is a nocturnal mammal and is small in size. They have a lifespan of around 15 years. They are active at night and sleep in the daytime. They are arboreal, meaning they live on trees. These small animals travel along the tree tops, like monkeys.
Insects, reptiles, fruits, and plant shoots are the leading food for these animals. As they eat insects, they act as a biological predator of pests. Hence they help farmers in getting better crop yields. They also help maintain the terrestrial ecosystem with their wide-ranging ecological roles.
Slender Loris is an endangered species as declared by International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN. The estimated number of these mammals in Tamilnadu state is around 5000.
Superstition is a major threat faced by these mammals. There is the misunderstanding that their meat is good for eyesight.
Several locals believe that if pregnant women see the loris during their pregnancy, their newborn would resemble the loris. And so, they kill these animals.
The forest department has roped in the district forest officers and collectors to spread awareness among the locals.https://www.thequint.com/photos/dugong-slender-loris-conservation-tamil-nadu-lead-india-wildlife-reserve-endangered
As part of its conservation efforts, the Tamilnadu government has declared this habitat area a wildlife sanctuary to help improve their habitat. Let us hope that this wildlife sanctuary and the associated awareness help mitigate the threat towards this small endangered species.
Though the state government announced its intention to set up this wildlife sanctuary in April 2022, the actual government notification was issued today, 12th October 2022. An Extraordinary Gazette notification has details of this.
Note: It’s noteworthy that India’s first Dugong Conservation Reserve is also in Tamil Nadu. It is spread over 448 square kilometers in Palk Bay in Thanjavur and Pudukkotai districts.
Entry Gates, Website, Timings of Kadavur Slender Loris Sanctuary
As a new sanctuary, details like the entry gates, official website, contact telephone or email, entry fees, entry timings, Etc., are unavailable. I will update this space as and when it is available.