Pilibhit Tiger Reserve lies along the India-Nepal border in Uttar Pradesh state, India. It is spread over three districts; Pilibhit district, Lakhimpur Kheri District and Bahraich District. It is one among the 50 Project Tiger reserves in India.
This tiger reserve was declared as a tiger reserve in September 2008 . River Sharda marks its North-Eastern boundary. River Sharda and the River Ghaghara marks its South-Western boundary.
Core area of this tiger seserve is 602.79 square kilometers. Buffer zone area is 127.45 square kilometers. This is the largest tiger reserve in the state and lies at at altitude of 168 meters to 175 meters.
Pilibhit Reserve forests are rich in flora and fauna. It is habitat for around 127 animal species and 556 bird species. Many a threatened species like Bengal tiger, Bengal floricans, swamp deer, hispid hare and and Indian leopard are found here in this tiger reserve. Rare Francolin (Phasianidae family) was spotted here in Pilibhit Reserve.
There are approximately 2,100 flowering plants in these forests.
6 million people’s livelihood is dependent on this Tiger reserve forests.
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is another tiger reserve in the same state, Uttar Pradesh.
How Do I Go to Pilibhit Tiger Reserve?
This Tiger Reserve is located near to Pilibhit town, the headquarters of Pilibhit revenue district in Uttar Pradesh state. NH 74 (Najibabad in Utter Pradesh state to Kashipur in Uttarakhand state ) passes through Pilibhit town.
Pilibhit junction railway station on the Bareilly-Lakhimpur railway line, is a nearby railway station to the tiger reserve; but is a small station with just 3 platforms. Very few trains stops here. Bhojipura junction railway station is the nearest major trains where most of the trains stops. Puranpur railway station is another nearby small station.
Lucknow and New Delhi airports are situated at around 310 and 325 kilometers distance, respectively.
Facts on Indian Tiger (Royal Bengali Tiger) Population
Seventy percentage of World Tiger population is found in India. Indian Tigers are also seen at Cambodia; but their numbers are declining. There were talks of getting a few tigers from India to Cambodia.