1857 Revolt & Replica of BIGBEN at Lucknow

Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The historic city is famous for its heritage buildings, haunted structures, etc. The city was the seat of power of Nawabs during 18th and 19th centuries.

Ruins of the British Residency Complex at Lucknow
Ruins of the British Residency Complex at Lucknow, the residence for the British Resident General and site of the 1857 Revolt against the British.

Lucknow city is situated on the north-western banks of Gomti River. From 1350, this historic city was under the control of Nawabs of the Delhi Sultanate. From 1394 to 1478, Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur captured this city. Mughals made it part of their sultanate in around 1555. Later on, it came under the control of Nawabs of Awadh.

In 1856, the city was taken over by the British East India Company and transferred to British administration in the following year. This city was a major city during the 1857 revolt against the British.

After Lucknow was made the capital by Nawabs of Awadh, the Nawabs came to be known as Nawabs of Lucknow. Nawabs were semi-autonomous Muslim rulers for the princely states under the Mughal Emperors.

Bara Imambara (large Imambara) is a massive imambara (hall for Muslim Shia commemoration ceremonies), built in 1784 by the Nawab of Awadh. It is also called Asafi Imambara. This historic mosque is the grandest building and main tourist attraction in the city. Chota Imambara is another tourist attraction here. It was build by the same Nawab, Muhammad Ali Shah in 1838, as the mausoleum for himself and his mother.

Rumi darwaza at Lucknow
Rumi darwaza at Lucknow.

Rumi Darwaza is a 60 feet high Gateway in Lucknow, built in 1784 by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh. It is also called Turkish Gate, as it was modeled  after the Sublime Porte or Ottoman Porte or High Porte (Bab-iHümayun) in Istanbul, Turkey. It is situated next to Asafi Imambara or Bara Imambara.

The Remains of Residency Complex or the Residency or the British Residency, at Lucknow is another tourist attraction. It was the site of the 1857 Revolt against the British by the Indians. Located near the High Court Building, this historic place witnessed “Siege of Lucknow”, a Revolution called Indian Revolution of 1857 by Indians against the British. Cannon shots on the building walls can still be seen.

Husainabad Clock Tower, a replica of BIGBEN clock tower of London and the tallest clock tower in India, is situated at this city. It was constructed by Nawab Nasir-ud-din in 1881.

Hazratganj is the main shopping area in the city. Its also a tourist destination. There are many other historic buildings in the city.

There are many haunted structures at this historic place, OEL House, Sikandar Bagh, Railway Quarters, Balrampur Hospital, Nirala Nagar, etc, are to name a few among these.

How Do I Go to Lucknow?

This city is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. There are 14 railway stations in the city. Lucknow Railway Station at Charbagh and neighboring Lucknow Junction railway station are the two major railway stations here. There is also an international airport at the city.

Mirzapur Known for Historical Places, Fort and Temples

Mirzapur is a city famous for brass-ware, carpets, clay pots, toys, etc, in Uttar Pradesh state, India. Its also famous for the holy shrines Vindhyachal, Ashtbhuja & KaliKhoh and historical places like Chunnar Fort.

Mirzapur view from River Ganges.
Mirzapur view from River Ganges.

Vindhyavasini Devi Temple is a famous and revered ‘Shakti Peethas‘ in India. Vindhyavasini temple is dedicated to Devi Amba or Durga. the temple is situated at around 8 kilometers from the city, on the banks of the holy river Ganges.

Ashtabhuji Devi Temple is inside a cave and is situated close to the Vindhyavasini Devi Temple. The temple is dedicated to Ashtabhuji Devi, exemplification of Goddess Parvati.

Kalikoh Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali and is located on the Vindhya mountain ranges. The temple is situated amidst scenic beauty of the Vindhyas.

Wyndham Falls is one of the most visited tourist places in Mirzapur. The fall waters flows down the step-like rocks and is a beautiful sight. The valley view from here is magnificent. There is a children’s park and a small zoo nearby.

Chunar Fort is an ancient historic fort, on the banks of river Ganges. Chunar town and the Chunar fort are two important and historical places in India. Chunar fort’s history dates back to 56 BC. There is a British cemetery near the fort.

Chunar town is situated below the fort. Chunar railway station is the nearest railway station to these two historic places. The Chunnar fort is situated at around 32 kilometers from Mirzapur. Varanasi is at around 23 kilometers distance from the fort.

Ghanta Ghar (Hindi word), meaning Clock Tower is situated on the Mirzapur corporation premises. Even though the clock is non-functional now, this vintage 1891 clock has a massive 1000 kilogram alloy bell!

Ojhala Bridge constructed in 1772, a heritage structure, connects Mirzapur with Vindhyachal. Minarets and ramparts of this fort like bridge on either sides are exemplary example of the architecture prevalent those days.

Devararahi Mandir and Devararahi Ashram are also situated in this town.

Known for the valleys, forts, waterfalls, temples and the holy river Ganges, this city is a nature lover’s paradise.

How Do I Go to Mirzapur?

Mirzapur is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Mirzapur railway station is a major station in the state. Varanasi Airport is the nearest airport to Mirzapur, at around 45 kilometers away. Allahabad airport is at around 75 kilometers distance from Mirzapur.

Allahabad

The Largest Peaceful Congregation of Pilgrims on Earth – Kumbh Mela at Allahabad

sAllahabad is the second oldest city in India after Kashi alias Varanasi alias Banares. It is situated in Utter Pradesh state of India.  3 holy rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati confluence here. The meeting point of these three rivers is called Triveni Sangam and is considered very sacred for Hindus. It is believed that taking a bath at Triveni Sangam absolves one of his or her sins.

The Largest Peaceful Congregation of Pilgrims on Earth, Kumbh Mela,  is held here, once in every 12 years.  UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity has included Kumbh Mela in its list, in 2017.

Kumbh Mela (the festival of the sacred Pitcher) is the largest peaceful congregation of pilgrims on earth, during which participants bathe or take a dip in a sacred river. Devotees believe that by bathing in the Ganges one is freed from sins liberating her/him from the cycle of birth and death. Millions of people reach the place without any invitation.

More than 120 million people attended the Last Kumbh Mela, held in 2013.

Triveni Sangan at Allahabad
Triveni Sangan at Allahabad

Little bit of History about Allahabad

Allahabad Fort is a 16th century fort constructed by the Great Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is situated close to Triveni Sangamam. Patalpuri Temple is an underground temple inside the Fort. There is a sacred immortal banyan tree inside the fort. There is historic 232 B.C. Ashoka Pillar having a height of 10.6 meters made of sandstone. The stone inscriptions shows Mughal emperor Jahangir’s accession to the throne. Parts of the fort are open to public and the remaining parts are used by the Indian Army.

Khusro Bagh, a walled garden contains the mausoleums of Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s family members.

Ancestral home of the Nehrus, Anand Bhavan is at Allahabad. There were 3 Prime Misters of India from Nehru Family; Namely Jawaharlal Nehru (the first prime mister of India), Indira Gandi (daughter of the first Prime mister and the only Lady Prime Mister of India) and Indira Gandi’s son Rajiv Gandi. There is a museum at Anand Bhavan.

Jawahar Planetarium is another famous Planetarium in India situated at this historic city.

Ashes of Mohandas Gandhi fondly called as Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation, is immersed at Triveni Sangam.

Ardh Kumbhamela 2019

Ardh Kumbhamela 2019 is held at Allahabad alias Prayag, once in six years.  (Ardh means half.)

Main ritual is taking the holy dip (bath) at Triveni Sangamam. The dates for holy dips are January 14, 15, 21 February 4, 10, 19 and March 4th; 2019. The most important among these dates is 4th February 2019.

Millions of people attend the Ardh Kumbhamela 2019. The state government has banned all marriages in the district on these dates, to avoid rush.

A Word of Caution

Kumbhamela or Ardh Kumbhamela is special in many ways. People rush to get photographed with Saints. There may be crooks who dress like saints and  demand cash for taking photos with them. Please ask permission before you take any photographs or selfies with any third person.

How Do I Go to Allahabad?

Allahabad or Prayag (original name) is well connected by roads, train and flights to other parts of India. “Allahabad Junction” is the nearest railway station. Bamrauli Airport is the airport at Allahabad.

Conclusion

Are you interested in going for the Ardh Kumbhamela 2019? Please leave your comments.

Birla Mandir and The Birla Family Tree

Birla Mandirs are a group of temples constructed by the Birla family (Birlas) across India. Birla Mandirs exists at New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kurushetra , Shahad, Bhopal, BITS Pilani,Jaipur, Patna, Akola, Varanasi (2 Birla Mandirs at Varanasi), Renukoot, Nagda, Brajrajnagar, Gwalior and Alibaug,

Birla Mandir construction is still going on at some places and the family believes in continuing the work.

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal

Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939

Birla Mandir at Bhopal
Birla Mandir at Bhopal

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal were constructed to fill a void. i.e These cities had no big temples. Delhi temple confirms to Nagara style of architecture, even though it was built using modern technology.

Architecture of Birla Mandirs Other Than Delhi and Bhopal

Most of the other Birla temples are built using marble or sandstone, in either Chandela Style of Architecture or Solanki Style of Architecture, both of which existed in the 10th-12th centuries.

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani campus is made of white marble and is a replica of the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. Gwalior Birla Mandir is a replica of the Konark Sun Temple.

Birla Group of Companies

Birla Mandirs across India are from Birla Family, who owns the Birla Group of companies. Birla family group is one of the leading business groups in India. Birla family members are the descendants of Seth Shobharam. Birlas belong to Pilani, a town in Rajasthan and are Marwari community, a community known for its business skills across India.

Birla Family Tree

Kumar Mangalam Birla, a fourth generation member of the Birla business family, currently heads the business after the demise of his father Aditya Vikram Birla in 1995. Aditya Vikram Birla is the son of Basant Kumar Birla ( Basant Kumar Birla is the grandfather of the current group head, Kumar Mangalam Birla and is currently the chairman of BITS Pilani) and grandson of Ghanshyam Das Birla. Ghanshyam Das Birla is the son of Baldeo Das Birla and grandson of Shiv Narayana Birla. Shiv Narayan Birla is the son of Seth Shobharam and grandson of Seth Bhudharmal.

Golden Triangle Tour Packages in India 

Golden triangle India tour package is the most popular tour package in India covering Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. These 3 historical places are situated in the shape of a triangle and hence the package got that name.

Golden triangle tour packages in India covers many heritage sites in these historic places. These include UNESCO world heritage sites of Qutab Minar (Delhi), Red Fort (Delhi), Taj Mahal (agra), Red Fort (Agra), Fatehpur Sikri (Fatehpur near Agra), Amer Fort & Palace (Jaipur). Jantar Mandir (Jaipur).

Tajmahal Agra, Part of Golden Triangle India Tour Package

Golden Triangle Tour Package in India – Taj Mahal, The Main Attraction in the package

Golden Triangle India Tour Package  – Delhi Tourist Places

You can travel to India and land in Delhi, the capital city of India. Your Golden Triangle travel can be started from Delhi. Delhi has many historic places like Qutab Minar (The Tallest Brick Minaret in the World), Oldest Indian Mosque, Jama Masjid, Red Fort at Delhi (residence of the Mughal emperors for around 200 years from 1648 till 1857), Ashoka Pillar, etc, to name a few. There are a lot of other tourist attractions in Delhi. They include Lotus temple, Akshardham Temple & Swaminarayan Akshardham, India Gate, Teen Murthi Bhavan, etc.

Golden Triangle India Tour Package – Agra Tourist Places

Tow hours drive from Delhi takes you to Agra, where world famous Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is situated. Red Fort (Agra) which is also known as Agra Fort , is another nearby historic place. Emperor Shah Jahan, who built Taj Mahal, was dethroned by his own son Emperor Aurangazeb and was confined to the nearby Agra Fort on the banks of the holy river Yamuna. Yamuna river is holy for Hindus.

Fatehpur Sikri is another historic place at around 37 kilometers from Agra on your way to Jaipur. Fatehpur Sikri was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1569 and was the Mughal Capital from 1571 to 1585 .

Golden Triangle India Tour Package – Jaipur India

3 hours drive from Fatehpur Sikri takes you to the pink city, Jaipur India. Some of the main Heritage sites are Amer Fort and Palace, Jaipur water palace, Jaipur City Palace & attached Museum, Jaipur Jantar Mantar (Astronomical Observation site with the World’s Largest Stone Sundial ), Hawa Mahal Palace, etc.

How Much is the Golden Triangle Tour Package Price in India?

Golden triangle tour package price in India varies from tour operator to operator. Please check the current rates with your travel agent.