Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gravity Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a 163 meter high dam built over Narmada river in Gujarat state, India. The foundation stone was laid by Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime mister of India, on 5th April, 1961. The dam was dedicated to the nation on the 17th September, 2017, by the Prime Mister of India, Shri Narendra Modi.

Sardar Sarovar DamSardar Sarovar Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam and is the second largest such dam in the world by volume, after Grand Coulee Dam in the US. It has a length of 1,210 meters.

Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan states are the major beneficiaries of the Sardar Sarovar Dam project. The dam is used generate electricity and for irrigation purposes. Close to 18,000 square kilometers of area comes under irrigation from this dam. 1,450 Mega Watts of power is generated from this project. The dam also provides flood protection to around 210 villages and to Bharuch city, totaling around 4 lack people of Gujarat state.

The dam height was increased multiple times, which caused long drawn legal battles for decades. Human displacement and environmental disruption in the catchment areas were the major cause of contention. The supreme court of India allowed height increases at different times, subject to satisfactorily rehabilitation of the affected people.

Medha Patkar, a social activist and founder of Narmada Bachao Andolan is the main voice of the displaced people. Narmada Bachao Andolan under Medha Patkar took the issues of the displaced people to the courts. She relentlessly fights for the displaced people of 3 states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra. She was also a commissioner on the World Commission on Dams.

How Do I Go to Sardar Sarovar Dam

Vadodara is at around 92 kilometers from Sardar Sarovar Dam. This Dam is at around 184 kilometers from Navagam town. Anand, the milk capital of India, is at around 140 kilometers from the Dam. Bharuch city is at around 100 kilometers and the capital city of Ahmedabad is at around 200 kilometers respectively from Sardar Sarovar Dam.

Kangra Fort

Kangra Fort is a believed to be the oldest dated fort in India, on the outskirts of the Himalayan town of Kangra, near Dharamsala.

Kangra FortKangra Fort

This National Monument is considered as one among the most beautiful forts or best forts in India. Kangra Fort was built by the the Rajput Katoch dynasty of the Kangra state. This royal family has its origins dating back to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom, mentioned in the Great Epic, Mahabharata.

Kangra Fort stands on a steep rock, at the confluence of Banganga river and Majhi river. Two gates which were added by the Sikh Maharaja welcomes you to a small courtyard. A long and narrow passage takes you to the top of this historic fort.

Ahani and Amiri Darwaza are two gates built by Nawab Saif Ali Khan, the first Mughal Governor of Kangra, on this small passage. Jehangiri Darwaza is another gate at around 500 feet distance from the outer gate the passage. Darsani Darwaza is another gate, near to which, you can see defaced statues of Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Lakshmi Narayana Sitala and Ambika Devi are two shrines situated here. There is a passage in between these two shrines, which takes you to the Palace, which is considered as one among the historic royal palaces in India.

Kangra Fort is a historic fort. This historic place has resisted siege from the third Mughal emperor Akbar, in early 16th century. His successor and son, Jehangir, was successful in conquering the fort in 1620.

In 1789, Raja Sansar Chand II succeeded in recovering the fort belonging to his ancestors. The Rajput king fought wars with Gurkhas, Katochs and Sikhs. Gurkha army was successful in opening the armed gates of the fort in 1806, resulting in an alliance between Maharaja Sansar Chand and Maharaja Ranjit Singh. However, the Gurkhas left the fort as they realised that there is severe short supply of essential items, after the long drawn battle Maharaja Sansar Chand had with the Gurkhas and Sikhs.

This historical site remained with the Katoch dynasty till 1828. After the death of Sansar Chand, the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh who reigned from 1801 to 1839, conquered the fort. Finally, the British took control over the fort, after the war with Sikhs in 1846.

Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch Museum is a small museum situated close to entrance of the fort. This Museum is run by the Royal Family of Kangra. History of this fort is exhibited here. Audio guide is available here.

Jayanti Mata temple is a famous nearby temple on a hilltop. Jayanti Mata temple was built in the late 17th century by (Bada Kajee) Amar Singh Thapa, the General of the Nepal’s Gorkha Army.

How Do I Go to Kangra Fort

Kangra Fort is at a distance of around 20 kilometers from Dharamsala, where the headquarters of the Central Tibetan Administration is situated.

Amb Andaura railway station with station code AADR, is the nearest major railway station at around 48 kilometers distance from the fort town. Churaru takrala railway station (station code CHTL) is at around 58 kilometers away. Both these are small station. Pathankot is one of the nearest major railway stations at around 88 kilometers from Kangra. Dharamsala-Kangra Airport at Gaggal is the nearest airport to Kangra Fort.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, Prince of Wales Museum of Western India

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum is a historic museum situated at Mumbai, India. This museum is officially known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya. Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum was earlier known as Prince of Wales Museum of Western India,

Chhatrapati Shivaji MuseumChhatrapati Shivaji Museum

Chhatrapati Shivaji museum is having 70,000 historic & artistic works. Artifacts alone number around 50,000. Cultural activities, exhibitions, etc, are conducted frequently at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya. The Museum is divided into three sections; Art, Archaeology and Natural History.

Items on display includes sculptures, bronzes, European paintings, Indian miniature paintings, terracotta’s, porcelain and ivories from Japan and China, etc. Excavated artifacts from the Indus Valley Civilization sites or Harappan sites (Harappan period dates back to C.2000- B.C. 1200) are also displayed at Shivaji museum. Besides these, the Museum has a separate Natural History section.

Relics from the period of Chalukyas, Guptas, Mauryas and Rashtrakuta are on display here. Collections of Sir Purushottam Mavji, Sir Ratan Tata and Sir Dorab Tata are also on display here. There is also a Prints gallery, Maritime Heritage Gallery and Forestry section. “Karl and Meherbai Khandalavala collection” and “the Coins of India” are two new galleries added in 2008. “Krishna Gallery” was also added in 2008. It has artworks related to Lord Krishna and Lord Vishnu. A textile gallery was added in 2010.

Prince of Wales Museum of Western India, a Grade I Heritage Building, is one of the finest examples for the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. UNESCO has awarded this building the UNESCO Asia – Pacific Heritage Award in 2010. Indo-Saracenic style of architecture is a combination of Indian Hindu architectural style and Saracen (Muslim) architectural style, along with minor elements from Western style of architecture. The dome of the Museum is styled as that of Golconda Fort and the inner vaulting arches are styled on the lines of Gol Gumbaz.

Prince of Wales Museum was built in Memory of the visit of the Prince of Wales (who later became King George V). The idea of building the museum was by a group of prominent people of Mumbai (Bombay was the name of the city till 1995). The Foundation Stone for the Museum was laid by the Prince of Wales in 11th November, 1905. The museum was built with public contribution and aid from the then Government of the Bombay Presidency. The construction was completed by 1914. It was opened to public on 10th January, 1922.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya has a well laid garden in the front. The garden was previously named Victoria Gardens and is now known as Jijamata Udyaan. Jijamata Udyaan alias Victoria Gardens, still retains its original plan. George Wittet was the architect of the Museum. In 2008, the building area was increased by 30,000 square feet, to accommodate growing demands of the Museum.

How Do I Go to Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum?

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum or Prince of Wales Museum of Western India is situated at the heart of South Mumbai. It is situated on the Gandhi Road at Fort, Mumbai. It is located opposite to the Byculla railway station, on the Central line of Mumbai Suburban Railway. Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum is located close to ‘India Gate’ or ‘Gateway of India‘.

The Museum is well connected by buses to all parts of the city of Mumbai. Mumbai is well connected by trains to different parts of the country. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji airport, which was previously known as Santa Cruz Airport, is the nearest airport to Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum.

Nagalapuram Falls, Nagalapuram Trekking Package, Nagalapuram Temple

Nagalapuram falls are a group of small beautiful falls in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh state, India. There are four small falls cum pools at Nagalapuram.

Nagalapuram fallsNagalapuram falls

Nagalapuram Water falls are easily accessible by trekking some distance. You need to walk some distance along the stream side to reach the falls. You can hear sound of the fall waters from a distance.

Nagalapuram trekking packages are very popular. Local guides are there to help you. An ideal landmark for the local guides to pick up the trekkers is the small Dam at Pichattur. They may take you by tractors up to the water stream, for a fee. From there, you need to trek. The trekking route is along the water stream, on your left. You can trek without much difficulty, up to the second pool. There is a small rock to climb, having a height of 7 or 8 feet or so. There are steps to climb this rock. After the second pool, trekking becomes little bit difficult. It is advisable only for an experienced trekker.

Its an ideal weekend getaway place for the Chennaites, especially for the bachelors. They can go on their bikes and enjoy trip. Its advisable to go in groups. There are no shops on the trekking route to the falls. Please buy sufficient water and snacks in advance.

Nagalapuram town was built by Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara Empire, in memory of his mother Nagala Devi.

Nagalapuram Temple

Nagalapuram town has the famous Vishnu temple, Vedanarayana Temple. The deity here is in the form of Matsya (Fish in English). Fish was the first among the ten avatars (or incarnation in English). i.e. Fish was the first incarnation among the ten incarnations Lord Vishnu has taken. The 10 incarnations are called Dasavatara. Vedanarayana temple is built in the Vijayanagar style of architecture. The specialty of the Nagalapuram temple architecture is that during the three day temple festival, sun rays falls on the main deity’s fore head, navel and feet.

How Do I Go to Nagalapuram Falls?

Nagalapuram falls is situated in Arai Village. If you are coming from Tirupathi, travel 23 kilometers towards Uthukottai. Take left at Pichatur town and head towards Pichatur Dam. From Pichatur Dam, Arai village where is the falls is situated, is at around 8 kilometers distance.

If you are coming from Chennai, Pichatur town is at around 20 kilometers distance, after crossing Uthukottai town. Take Right at Pichatur and go towards the Pichatur dam and then to Arai village.

Puttur railway station is the nearest railway station, at 37 kilometers from Nagalapuram falls. Ekambarakuppam railway station (station code EKM) is at 39 kilometers from the falls cum ponds at Nagalapuram. Nagari railway station with station code NG, is another railway station at around 40 kilometers distance. Renigunta Junction railway station (near Tirupathi) is at around 61 kilometers distance from the falls at Nagalapuram.

Tirupati town is at around 70 kilometers from Nagalapuram town. Uttukkottai is at around 40 kilometers from the falls at Nagalapuram. Chennai is at around 90 kilometers from the falls at Nagalapuram. Bengaluru is at 280 kilometers from Nagalapuram falls (Bangalore is the older name of the city of Bengaluru) .

Kone Falls

Kailasakona waterfalls or Kone falls is another beautiful falls, on the Uthukottai – Tirupathi Road, at around 34 kilometers away from Utukkottai Town (towards Puttur; 10 kilometers ahead of Puttur). Uthukottai is a small town spread over the two states of Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh, on the inter-state border.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Lion Safari, Safari Trip at Borivali

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is one of the most visited parks in the world, situated along the northern suburbs of the metropolitan city of Mumbai.

A Leopard inside Sanjay Gandhi National ParkA Leopard inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Sanjay Gandhi National Park was earlier known as Borivali National Park. This park is spread over an area of 104 square kilometers. Its rich in Flora and Fauna.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park attracts around 2 million visitors, every year. 2400 year old Kanheri caves, on rocky cliffs, are situated within this National park. By paying the vehicle entry fee, you can take your vehicles close to Kanheri Caves. Seven Buddhist caves older than Kanheri caves were discovered recently inside this park. Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake, source of water for the city of Mumbai, are also situated within the national park.

Trimurti or Trimurti Digambar Jain Mandir is a famous Jain temple inside the National park. Three idols of Lord Adinath and his sons, Lord Bahubali alias Lord Gommateshwara and Lord Bharata, are there in this Jain temple.

Lion and Tiger safari is available in the park. Some of the commonly seen Sanjay Gandhi national park animals are spotted deer or chital, bonnet macaque and rhesus macaque.

Black-naped or Indian hare, porcupine, Asian palm civet, chevrotain (mouse deer), muntjac (barking deer), sambar deer, Hanuman or grey langur, Indian flying-fox, leopard, etc, are some of the wild animals inside the National park at Borivali.

172 butterfly species are seen in this park. Reptiles includes crocodiles and snake species like pythons, monitor lizards, Russell’s vipers, bamboo pit vipers, cobras and Ceylonese cat snakes. Moths as large as sparrows, can be seen in this National park.

Flora includes Teak, Kadamba, Karanj, Shisam, etc. Karvi or karvy, a flowering plant which flowers once in seven years is seen inside this park.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Lion Safari

Sanjay Gandhi national park lion safari is very popular among the tourists to this park. 25 lions are there inside the Lion Safari Park, which is spread over an area of around 12 hectares. Normally, 2 lions can be seen on the Caged Bus Lion safari trip lasting around 20 minutes. Other 23 lions are kept deep inside the forest.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Tiger Safari

There are 6 tigers, including 2 white Indian tigers inside the Tiger safari park. Tiger safari park is spread over an area of on 20 hectares. The Tiger safari park has lakes, ponds and islands. The area is covered with tall grass for the big cats to roam around. Two watch towers are there inside park. 2,200 meter long protective fencing with a height of 5 meters covers the Tiger park. A total of 4 Tigers can be seen normally and the remaining two tigers are confined to deep forests.

Boating and Toy Train Inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Pedal boats are available for tourists inside the National park. Anyone can hire these boats and go for a trip inside the lake from Vanrani, near the start point.

The Toy train on the narrow gauge railway line traverses a few bridges and tunnels and passes along the foothills of the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial and over the Deer Park

How Do I Go to Sanjay Gandhi National Park alias Borivali National Park?

Borivali Railway Station terminus at Borivali East, on the Western line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network, is the nearest suburban railway station to the entry gate, at around 0.90 kilometers distance.

National Highway 8; i.e. Western Express Highway (25.33 kilometer long arterial road from Andheri to Churchgate); passes through the main gate of the park. Goverment buses connect the park entry gate with other parts of the city.

Goregaon East, where the Wildlife research organization, BNHS India and Mumbai Film City are located, is another entry point to the park. Mulund (Vasant Garden) is the entry point on the Eastern side. Yeoor and Tikuji-Ni-Wadi in Thane are two other entry points to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park.

Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji airport (formerly known as Santa Cruz Airport), is at around 16 kilometers from this wild life sanctuary and national park.

There are many railway stations in Mumbai, which connects this historic metropolitan city with the rest of India. UNESCO World Heritage Site, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station which was formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is a major railway station in Mumbai. Mumbai Central railway station on the Western line and Kanjurmarg railway station on the Central line are two other major railway stations in Mumbai,

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Safari Trip Timings

Sanjay Gandhi national park safari is available in the morning and afternoon. Each safari trip lasts for 20 minutes or so. Safari trip is open from 9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and from 2.20 p.m. to 5.20 p.m.

Monthly and yearly passes are available for morning walkers. These passes are useful for the Mumbaikars (residents of Mumbai), especially those residing near the periphery of the park’s entry gates. The timings for morning walkers are from 5 a.m. to 7.30 a.m.

Vellore Fort, Historical Places, Historical Monuments

Vellore Fort is a situated in heart of the Vellore city in Tamilnadu state. This fort was constructed by Vijayanagara kings, during the 16th century.

Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort, Tamilnadu

The fort at Vellore is considered as one of the best military architecture in Southern India. Known for its grand ramparts and wide moat, this magnificent fort is spread over 133 acres of land in 0.54 square kilometers. It is situated at an altitude of 220 meters, i.e. 720 feet. It is believed that there existed an escape tunnel of 12 kilometers long, connecting this fort with Virinjipuram.

This fort is unique in that it houses 3 religious places of worship; a temple, mosque and a church. Jalakandeswarar temple, a mosque and St. John’s Church are the historical places to visit, all situated inside the fort.

Vellore Fort once served as the headquarters of Aravidu Dynasty (of Vijayanagara Empire). This fort is one among the leading historical places in India, during 16th to 20th centuries. The fort changed hands to Bijapur sultans, Marathas, Carnatic Nawabs and finally to The British, before Indian Independence. Archaeological Department of the Indian Government now maintains the fort.

The British has held Tipu Sultan‘s family and Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (the last king of Sri Lanka), as prisoners in this fort. Sriranga Raya of Vijayanagara royal family was massacred in this fort. This fort is where the first significant military rebellion against The British, Vellore Mutiny, erupted in 1806.

How Do I Go to Vellore Fort?

One among the leading historical monuments in India, Vellore Fort, is easily accessible by road and train. Its at the heart of the town and cabs can take you to the fort entrance. Katpadi Junction railway station is the nearest railway station to Vellore fort, at around 7.2 kilometers distance.

Vellore Airport does not offer passenger transport. Chennai airport is the nearest airport at 140 kilometers distance. Bengaluru airport is at around 215 kilometers from Vellore.