Mandu, Jama Masjid, First Marble Structure in India

Mandu is a city known for its fortress and is a ruined city, located in Dhar district of Western Madhya Pradesh, India.

Facade of the Jahaz Mahal, ManduFacade of the Jahaz Mahal at Mandu

Mandu situated at an altitude of 2079 feet, was prominent during the 10th and 11th centuries under the Paramaras. The fortress is a 13 kilometer long one, overlooking the plateau of Malwa and the Narmada River valley in the Northern and Southern sides, respectively.

Mandu is having rich and ancient history. The walls of the fort spans around 37 kilometers, punctuated by 12 gateways. There are a number of palaces, Jain temples and mosques of 14th century and other buildings. Hoshang Shah’s Tomb, marble tomb of the ruler inside the fort, is the first marble structure in India.

Hindola Mahal, which means Swing palace, is a major palace inside the palace complex. It is believed to be constructed in 14th or 15th century. Jahaz Mahal or Ship Palace is another magnificent palace situated inside the fort between two artificial lakes and it looks like a ship floating in water. Some of the other prominent buildings inside the palace complex are Tawili Mahal and Nahar Jharokha.

Some of the ancient and historical structures inside the fort are listed below, Roopmati’s Pavilion is a Large Sandstone Structure. Baz Bahadur’s Palace is a 16th century palace below Roopmati’s Pavilion. Rewa Kund is a reservoir intended to supply water to Roopmati’s Pavilion.

Jami Masjid inside the Mandu  Fort.Jami Masjid inside the Mandu Fort.

Jami Masjid is the finest structure inside the fort. Jama Masjid, the oldest mosque inside Mandu fort, dates back to 1405.

How Do I Go to Mandu alias Mandavgad ?

Mandu is located at around at 35 kilometers from Dhar city. Indore, the largest city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, is at a distance of around 100 kilometers.

Jhargram Raj Palace, Heritage Hotel, Historical Buildings

Jhargram Raj Palace is a historic palace and current residence of the Royal family of Malla Deb. The palace is situated in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bangal state, India.

Jhargram Raj PalaceJhargram Raj Palace

The Palace was built in 1931, during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb Bahadur. Jhargram Palace is constructed in Indo Saracenic style of architecture, which is a combination of Italian and Islamic architectures, The ground floor of the palace with 10 rooms and 3 dormitories, is converted to a Heritage Hotel and is run by the Royal family.

Jhargram Raj was established in 1592 by Sarveshwar Singh and his elder brother. Mughal Emperor Akbar granted Subehdari title to Sarveshwar Singh for the regions of of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Singh defeated the local tribal kings belonging to Mal community and established Jhargram Raj. “Malla Deb” is the title used by the Kings of the newly established kingdom. To commemorate this victory, an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day, every year.

Jhargram Raj Palace compound is spread over 30 acres of land and has many historical buildings. One among such historical buildings in the palace compound is the Palatial Guest House, which hosted many a dignitaries, right from its inception.

How Do I Go to Jhargram Raj Palace?

Jhargram Raj Palace is situated at Jhargram, on NH6, connecting Hazira in Gujarat with Howrah in West Bengal. This Highway passes through cities like Surat, Amravati, Nagpur, Bhilai, Raipur, Sambalpur.Baharagora, etc.

Jhargram Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the palace, which is connected to cities like Jamshedpur, Kolkata, Ranchi, Tatanagar, etc. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Kolkata is the nearest major airport at around 155 kilometers away from the great Jhargram Raj Palace. Sonari Airport at Jamshedpur is at around 96 kilometers away from the palace at Jhargram.

Cubbon Park, Landscaping, Aquarium, Statue

Cubbon Park or Sri Chamarajendra Park as it is officially known, is a beautiful park spread over an area of 300 acres, in the heart of the Bengaluru city.

Cubbon ParkCubbon Park

Cubbon Park was initially created in 1870 with an area of 100 acres. Later on, the park was extended to 1.2 square kilometers, spanning over 300 acres. The park is known for its landscaping, which is integrated well its the natural rocks and tress, bamboos, etc, inside the park. The park has walking paths which are well maintained. There are motor-able roads inside the park; access is only for light motor vehicles.

The first name of the park was Meade’s Park, named after Sir John Meade, who was the Acting Commissioner of Mysore in 1870. Later on, the park was renamed as Cubbon Park, named after the longest serving commissioner of the state, Sir Mark Cubbon. The park was again renamed as Sri Chamarajendra Park in 1927, in memory of the 19th century ruler Sri Chamarajendra Wodeyar, the King of the then princely state of Mysore who reigned from 1868–1894. Bengaluru was under his rule, when park came into existence in 1870.

Cubbon Park is very rich in flora. There are around 68 genera trees or plants. A total of 96 species of plants or trees, numbering around 6000 plants or trees, are found inside the park. There are many ornamental and exotic trees and plants, lining the roads of Cubbon park.

K.Sheshadri Iyer Statue, Cubbon ParkStatue of K.Sheshadri Iyer, in whose memory Iyer Hall is constructed.

Cubbon Park is known for the Historic and aesthetic buildings and statues of famous personalities. Originally known as Attarakacheri; a group of 18 ancient buildings; now houses the Karnataka State High Court. Iyer Hall with a rose garden in front, is another historic building, which now houses the State Central Library alias Seshadri Iyer Memorial Library.

Aquarium (the second largest in the country), Indira Priyadarshini Children’s Library, Venkatappa Art Gallery, YMCA, State Youth Center – Yuvanika, Press Club, Century Club, Jawahar Bal Bhavan, Tennis Pavilion, Cheshire Dyer Memorial Hall and the Ottawa Chatter are some of the other prominent buildings inside Cubbon Park.

How Do I Go to Sri Chamarajendra Park alias Cubbon Park?

Cubbon Park is located at the heart of Bangalore City. M.G. road, Kasturba road, Hudson circle and Ambedkar road are the main roads around the park.

Bengaluru (old name is Bangalore) is well connected by roads, trains and flight services to the rest of the country. Bengaluru City Junction Railway Station is the main railway station from where most of the train starts. Kempegowda International Airport is the new airport on the outskirts of Bengaluru city, at around 1 hour drive from Cubbon Park.

Nandankanan Zoological Park, Botanical Gardens, White Tiger

Nandankanan Zoological Park is a Zoo and Botanical Garden situated at Bhubaneswar. Its the first zoo to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums(WAZA) from India, in 2009.

A White Tiger inside Nandankanan Zoological ParkA White Tiger inside Nandankanan Zoological Park.

Nandankanan Zoological Park was established in 1960 and opened to public in 1979. It is spread over an area of 400 hectares. The Zoo is extended over the protected areas of Krishnanagar and Jujhagarh Forests.

Nandankanan Zoo has 101 enclosures with 202 sub-enclosures; both cages and open moat enclosures. The Zoo has a total of 126 species, out of which 40 are mammal species, 56 bird species and 24 reptile species. 88 species are indigenous. 32 exotic species of animals are found in the Nandankanan Zoo.

White tiger safari is available inside the Zoo. This Zoo has the unique distinction of having given birth to White tigers in 1980, from normal colored tiger parents, inside cage. Endangered Gharials were also born in the Zoo in the same year. Many other species are breed inside the Nandankanan Zoo premises. Zoo is having Breeding Centers for mouse deer, Indian Pangolin, and White backed vultures.

The Zoo is home to many endangered animals. 5 endangered mammal species, 6 endangered bird species and 10 endangered reptile species are found in the Nandankanan Zoo.

You can adopt any animal at Nandankanan Zoological Park, by paying the fixed amount for that species. The adopted animal still remain in the Zoo. No transfer of ownership rights is allowed. Its a program to create awareness about wildlife conservation and to support the world class care and services given to the animals at the Zoo. NGO, Corporate companies or Individuals can be part of this program.

Nandankanan Botanical Garden is spread over an area of 173 acres inside the inside the Zoological Park. It was established in 1963 and is situated in between the wetlands of Kiakani Lake and Kanjia lake. Butterfly Garden, Rose Garden,Medicinal Garden, Japanese Garden, Bougainvillea garden, Heritage Garden, Dry Garden, Evolution Garden, Arboretum Park (Botanical Garden for Trees) and Mughal Garden are situated inside the Nandankanan Botanical Garden.

Nandankanan Zoological Park is also known as Nandankanan national park and is situated adjacent to Chandaka – Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary. The Zoo offers the best views of nature.

Nandankanan Zoological Park is closed on Mondays.

How Do I Go to Nandankanan Zoological Park?

Nandankanan Zoo is located near to Bhubaneswar which is well connected ot other parts of the country.

Baranga Railway station on the is the nearest railway station at around one kilometer away. Bhubaneswar Railway station is at around 18 kilometers distance and Cuttack Railway station is at around 15 kilometers distance from the zoo. Bhubaneswar airport is the nearest airport to Nandankanan Zoological Park, at around 20 kilometers distance.

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Bird Habitat, Cuckoo, Forest Birds

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, the first bird sanctuary of Kerala state, is situated near Kothamangalam.

Malabar Grey-Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) at  Thattekad Bird SanctuaryMalabar Grey-Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) at Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is situated in between two branches of River Periyar. It is a small bird sanctuary with an area of just 25 square kilometers. The bird sanctuary is covered mostly by evergreen low-land forests. (Thattekkad means flat forest.)

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is rich in terms of the species of birds found. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is considered as the “the richest bird habitat on peninsular India” by none other than Late Dr. Salim Ali, the great ornithologist. Different species of water birds and forest birds are found in large numbers. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is home to different species of Cuckoos.

How Do I Go to Thattekad Bird Sanctuary?

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is at around 12 kilometers from Kothamangalam town, in Ernakulam district, Kerala state. Kochi or Ernakulam (two nearby twin cites) is at around 55 kilometers from Kothamangalam. Ernakulam is the nearest city with 2 major railway stations; Ernakulam North alias Ernakulam Town and Ernakulam South alias Ernakulam junction railway stations; which are well connected to the rest of India. Angamaly and Aluva are two other nearby railway stations on the Ernakulam – Salem railway line. The nearest airport is at Nedumbrassery near Angamaly, on the outskirts of Kochi.

Ghatarani Waterfalls, Swami Vivekananda, Jatmai Temple

Ghatarani Waterfalls is a beautiful falls located near to Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh state, India

Ghatarani falls is the biggest fall in the state of Chhattisgarh. The water from the falls forms a pool beneath the falls. One can take a bath here in the pool or the falls.

Ghatarani WaterfallsGhatarani Waterfalls.

Ghatarani Waterfalls is surrounded by thick forests and is an ideal getaway place for the family or for a group of friends. Those who are adventurous, can hike the mountains and explore the forests above the falls.

Ghatarani Water falls is to be visited after the rainy season. September to December are the ideal months to visit the falls. Thereafter, the falls dries. It is dangerous to visit the falls during rainy season due to the the dangers resulting from the fast flowing water.

Swami Vivekananda spent two years of his teenage life at Raipur. Vivekanand Sarovar is a large lake in the city named after Swami Vivekananda.

Jatmai Temple is at around 25 kilometers distance from Ghatarani falls. A waterfall is there adjacent to this temple. This fall is a smaller fall compared to Ghatarani falls.

How Do I Go to Ghatarani Waterfalls?

Ghatarani falls is at around 90 kilometers distance from Raipur. Raipur is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Raipur Junction railway station is the major railway station in the city. Swami Vivekananda Airport, formerly known as Mana Airport, is the nearest airport at Mana, at around 15 kilometers distance from Raipur city.