Victoria Memorial is memorial building at Kolkata, in memory of Late Queen Victoria (1819–1901) of England.
Victoria Memorial Hall construction was started in the year 1906 and the foundation stone was laid by the then Prince of Wales, who later became King George V. (Prince of Wales was the Grandson of Queen Victoria). The memorial construction was completed in 1921 and was opened to public in the same year.
This hall is now a museum and is called Victoria Memorial Museum. It is situated on the banks of the Hooghly River.
The museum which is a memorial to Queen Victoria, was designed by the great Architect William Emerson. Emerson was the president of the Royal Institute of British Architects. The funding was a collective effort by the individuals of the British Raj in India, erstwhile Princely states of India and the British government.
This Memorial museum was constructed with same type of marble used for the construction of Taj Mahal, in Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. The building is 338 feet in length and 228 feet in width. The height of the memorial hall is 184 feet. There is a beautiful garden spread over an area of 64 acres, designed by David Prain and Lord Redesdale.
This magnificent museum has 25 galleries, including the Royal gallery. Some of the other prominent gallerias includes the central hall, the arms and armory gallery, national leaders gallery, the portrait gallery, the sculpture gallery and the Calcutta gallery which was added a quarter century back. Rare and antique books of William Shakespeare, Omar Khayyam, etc, can be found here.
How Do I Go to Victoria Memorial Museum alias Victoria Memorial Hall?
Victoria Memorial Hall is situated in the heart of the city, near Jawaharlal Nehru road.
Kolkata is well connected by all modes of transport. The erstwhile capital of the British India, the historic city of Kolkata has an international airport which is connected to all parts of the world. (Capital of India was transferred to Delhi by King George V in 1912.)
Kolkata railway station is a major railway station in India. Some of the other major railway stations in the city includes Howrah Station in Howrah, Santragachi Junction railway station in Howrah, Sealdah Station in Kolkata and Shalimar Station in Howrah.
Kolkata or Calcutta as it was known earlier, is well connected by different National Highways to other parts of the country. Kolkata seaport is a major seaport in the city.