Nathdwara Painting and Pichwai Painting at Rajsamand District Known for 14th Century Shrinathji Temple

Nathdwara is a town on the Aravalli Range, on the banks of the Banas River, famous for Nathdwara Paintings and the 14th century Shrinathji Temple. The town is situated in Rajsamand District, Rajasthan state, India.

Nathdwara Srinathji (Lord Krishna as a child) Painting
A Nathdwara Srinathji Painting.

Nathdwara Painting is a form of painting art originated at Nathdwara. There are different sub-styles and the most famous among them is Pichhwai paintings. Pichhwai painting is a form of cloth painting. Pichhwai paintings are normally hanged behind the Hindu god Shrinathji. (‘pich’ means back and ‘wais’ means hanging).

Nathdwara Painting is derived from Mewar school of painting, another Local painting style. To avoid oppression from Aurangzeb (the Mughal emperor), the image of Shrinathji (Lord Krishna as a child) was installed in 1670 at Nathdwara, by priests from Mathura. After that, a new style Shrinathji paintings has evolved and is called Pichhwai paintings.

The deity at the Shrinathji Temple is that of Shrinathji, an incarnation of Lord Krishna, as a seven year old child. This deity was worshiped initially near Mathura, the birth place of Lord Krishna. The deity was shifted to Shrinathji temple in 1672. This is a famous Vaishnavite shrine in India and is considered revered predominantly by Rajasthani and Gujarati people. The town is also known as Shrinathji town, because of the deity at Shrinathji temple.

How Do I Go to Nathdwara?

Nathdwara is located in Rajsamand district. The town is situated at a distance of around 48 kilometers North-East of Udaipur, City of Lakes and Palaces.

Mathura – Lord Krishna's Birth Place, Kesava Deo Temple

Mathura in Utter Pradesh state of India is the birth place of Lord Krishna (God Krishna, Sri Krishna) and is one of the seven holiest cities for Hindus.

Mathura  Kesava Deo TempleMathura Kesava Deo Temple.

Kesava Deo Temple is the main temple in the Krishnajanmabhoomi complex. Krishnajanmabhoomi complex is the complex housing the Kesava Deo Temple, the prison (actual birthplace of Lord Kishna) and other temples. Kehsav Dev , i.e Lord Krishna, is the main deity in the Kesava Deo Temple. It is believed that Bajranabh, the Great-grandson of Lord Krishna, installed the original deity here in this temple.

King Ugrasena ruled Mathura and was overthrown by his son Kamsa (or Kansa). [Kamsa not King Ugrasena’s biological son; but born to King Ugrasena’s wife Queen Padmavati and Drumila (or Gobhila)] . Kamsa was the maternal uncle of Lord Krishna. Kamsa was told that the eighth child of his sister, Devaki, shall kill him. Lord Krishna was saved from his Uncle Kamsa’s wrath by divine intervention and was raised by Nanda and Yasoda, a cow-herd couple, at the nearby city of Vrindavan (or called Mathura Vrindavan). Once Krishna grew up, he returned to Mathura and eventually killed King Kamsa and reinstated Kamsa’s father, Ugrasena, as King of Mathura.

Mathura is a very ancient city and the great Hindu Epic, Ramanaya, mentions about this city. There are hundreds of temples in Vrindavan, dedicated to Lord Krishna and Goddess Radha. (Lord Krishna and Goddess Radha are work-shipped together by many.)

What are the Different Names of Lord Krishna?

The list of different names of Lord Krishna can be found here.

How Do I Go to Mathura Kesava Deo Temple?

Mathra city is on the main Delhi – Agra National Highway side. Mathura town is at a distance of 50 kilometers, north of Agra. It takes around 2.5 hours drive from Delhi, if you travel by the Delhi-Agra National highway.

Mathura junction” with station code “MTJ”, is the railway station at the birth place of God Krishna on the Delhi-Chennai / Delhi-Mumbai Main line.

Madurai’s twin city, Vrindavan, where Lord Krishna spent his childhood days, is at a distance of 10 kilometers from Mathura, on the Agra-Delhi National Highway side. There are a few local trains between Mathura and Vrindavan. Vrindavan’s station code is ‘BDB’. Mathura to Vrindavan train journey takes a travelling time of 35 minutes and the train stops at 2 stations in between Mathura and Vrindavan .