Sardar Sarovar Dam – Second Largest Gravity Dam in the World

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a 163 meter high dam built over Narmada river in Gujarat state, India. The foundation stone was laid by Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime mister of India, on 5th April, 1961. The dam was dedicated to the nation on the 17th September, 2017, by the Prime Mister of India, Shri Narendra Modi.

Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujrat state

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam and is the second largest such dam in the world by volume, after Grand Coulee Dam in the US. It has a length of 1,210 meters.

Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan states are the major beneficiaries of the Sardar Sarovar Dam project. The dam is used generate electricity and for irrigation purposes. Close to 18,000 square kilometers of area comes under irrigation from this dam. Furthermore, 1,450 Mega Watts of power is generated from this project. Moreover, the dam provides flood protection to around 210 villages and to Bharuch city, totaling around 4 lack people of Gujarat state.

Significantly, the dam height was increased multiple times, which caused long drawn legal battles for decades. Human displacement and environmental disruption in the catchment areas were the major cause of contention. Accordingly, the supreme court of India allowed height increases at different times, subject to satisfactorily rehabilitation of the affected people.

Medha Patkar, a social activist and founder of Narmada Bachao Andolan, is the main voice of the displaced people. Narmada Bachao Andolan under Medha Patkar took the issues of the displaced people to the courts. She relentlessly fights for the rights of the displaced people of 3 states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra. She was also a commissioner on the World Commission on Dams.

Statue of Unity near Sardar Sarovar Dam

World tallest statue, Statue of Unity, with a height of 182 meters (597 feet) is situated at around 3.2 kilometers from Narmada dam. Statue of unity is the statue Sardar Vallabhai Patel, India’s first Deputy Prime Minister.

How Do I Go to Sardar Sarovar Dam

Vadodara is at around 92 kilometers from Sardar Sarovar Dam. This Dam is at around 184 kilometers from Navagam town. Anand, the milk capital of India, is at around 140 kilometers from the Dam. Bharuch city is at around 100 kilometers and the capital city of Ahmedabad is at around 200 kilometers respectively from Sardar Sarovar Dam.