INS Chapal Warship Museum and Rock Garden at Karwar Beach

INS Chapal Warship Museum is a Museum on Decommissioned  Chamak class missile boat of the Indian Navy called INS Chapal (K94).  It  is located at the Rabindranath Tagore beach in Karwar city, Karnataka state, India.  It is also known as INS Chapal Museum.

INS Chapal Warship Museum at Karwar Beach
INS Chapal Warship Museum at Karwar Beach

INS Chapal was commissioned on  4 November 1976.  Ii is 38.6 meters long and is Russian made. It was decommissioned on 5th May 2005. This warship was used during the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war. It destroyed many an  enemy ships near Karachi, causing large scale damage to enemy ships. Technically categorized as a Missile boat, it is a 245 tonne ship. INS Chapal comes under Osa class of missile boats.

INS Chapal Warship Museum was founded here because, a Naval Base was established at Karwar in the year 2005.  It was in the same year that  INS Chapal was decommissioned. Currently, it is the third largest Indian naval base. It is called INS Kadamba. The first phase of the  naval base  was  commissioned on 31st May 2005.

What is to be seen in the INS Chapal Warship Museum at Karwar?

This warship is now positioned on a concrete platform. The process of setting up the museum  was  documented and this video is available at this museum. There are mannequins (dummies) dressed as captain, doctors, sailors, etc. Replicas of the missiles used those days are also on display inside the Karwar Warship museum along with many other interesting documents.

It’s a wonderful experience to come close to the nation’s warship. Anybody visiting Karwar town should not miss the opportunity to visit this magnificent military museum. It may take an hour or so to have a glimpse of the INS Chapal museum. Guides are there to explain the details to you.

How Do I Go to INS Chapal Warship Museum at Karwar?

INS Chapal Museum at Karwar is at around 1.1 kilometers from Karwar Bus Station. Karwar city is situated in Uttara Kannada district.

Karwar railway station on the Konkan railway line,  is the railway station in the city. It is a major railway station where many long distance express trains stops.

The museum is open from 10 am to 1 pm.  It is open again from 4.30 pm to 6 pm.

There is a small entry fee to be paid here.  Visit the warship museum at Karwar and listen to your guide.

Rock Garden at Karwar Beach

There is a rock garden at the Rabindranath Tagore beach in Karwar, which attracts a lot of tourists. The shapes carved out in rocks gives the visitors glimpses of the district.  There is an Aquariumon the beach.

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at  Thenmala in Kollam district, Kerala state, India.  Eco-tourism and Butterfly park are situated in and around Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary. Eco-tourism and Butterfly park are part of Thenmala Eco-tourism Project, the first Eco-tourism project in India. Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary is part of Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve.

Hump Nosed Viper (Hypnale hypnale) at Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

Hump Nosed Viper (Hypnale hypnale) at Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a wildlife sanctuary on 25th August 1984. This sanctuary is spread over an area of s 172.403 square kilometers (i.e. 66.565 square miles). The name of the park Shendurney is derived from Chengurinji (Gluta travancorica), a tree endemic to the region.

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna.Flora includes Tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests. Flowering plants numbering around 1257 species, belonging to more than 150 families, are found here. 267 bird species are also found here.

25 types of butterflies  are found in Asia’s first butterfly safari park here.They are not put into butterfly greenhouses or butterfly house. These butterflies live in their natural habitats on the butterfly garden plants in this butterfly safari park.

Highly elusive nocturnal bird, the Great Eared Nightjar, was spotted at Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary. Lion-tailed macaque, a highly endangered animal specie, is also found here. Wildlife conservation efforts are yielding good results here.

There is an artificial lake with an area of 18.69 Square kilometers in size.

There is also a Mesolithic site. A cave dating back to Mesolithic age, has been found inside the wildlife sanctuary.

How Do I Go to Eco-tourism and Butterfly Park Site?

Shendurney Wildlife park entry gate is at Thenmala, a small town on the Kollam-Punalur-Shenkottai- Tirumangalam National Highway (NH 744) side.  Thenmala is situated  at around 75 kilometers away from Thiruvananthapuram. Kollam town is at around 66 kilometers from Thenmala.

Punalur, the nearest major town is at around 20 kilometers from Thenmala. Shenkottai, another major nearby city, is at around 30 kilometers from Thenmala.

There are frequent bus services to Thenmala from Punalur government bus stand. (Punalur- Shenkottai buses)

Thenmala railway station on the Punalur- Shengottai route (now converted into broad gauge line from meter gauge) is the nearest railway station to Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary.

Anchal town is at around 29 kilometers distance from Thenmala. Kadakkal Temple, a unique temple with no  idol or a pujari (priest) is situated at Anchal.

Details on Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary Entry Permits and Night Stay

You need to get permit from Forest department office at Thenmala or from The Chief Wildlife Warden’s office at Thiruvananthapuram. Night stay facilities are available inside the sanctuary, subject to availability. Dormitory  is also available.

Camping facilities are also available, which is arranged by Thenmala Eco-tourism Promotion Society.

Active Volcano on Andaman Barren Island

Barren Island is situated in the  Andaman Sea. Barren Volcano, the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia is situated here. This volcano is part of the chain of volcanoes from Sumatra  to Myanmar. It is part of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, an Indian union territory. It is at a distance of around 38 kilometers northeast of Port Blair, the capital of the union territory. Barren Island is also called Barren Islands.

Barren IslandBarren Island, part of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India.

This volcano has erupted more than ten times. First recorded eruption dates back to 1787. The last time this active volcano erupted was in 2017.

Ar-Ar dating of Barren Island volcano  proved that the oldest sub-aerial lava flow occurred 1.6 million years back. This volcano is located on an oceanic crust, which is  approximately 106 million year old.

This island’s highest point  is 354 meters (1,161 feet) above sea level. The most of the primitive volcano is now situated underwater (on the seafloor 2,250 meters or 7,380 feet below sea level). The island is 3 kilometers  in diameter, with a total surface area of 8.34 square kilometers.

The island is uninhabited, though some fauna exists. These include Goats, birds, bats like flying foxes and rodent species like rats. There is hardly any flora in the island.

Indians can go to the Barren islands on chartered boats, after getting prior approval from the forest department office. Landing ashore is prohibited for foreigners.

Tourism around Barren Islands

The area surrounding Barren Island is considered as one of the top scuba diving destinations in the world. Manta rays swim teams prefer this area for the large number of Manta rays here. Basalt formations are another specialty of the area. It has a fast growing coral gardens. Past lava flows are another attraction for tourists to the area around Barren Islands.

How Do I Go to Barren Island for Scuba diving?

Scuba operators are based in the Havelock Island, another island which is also part of the Union territory of Andaman & Nicobar islands. From there, Scuba operators take you abroad ships or chartered boats to the scuba diving areas near to Barren Island.

Tughlakabad Fort of Tughlaq Dynasty at New Delhi

Tughlakabad For, an ancient ruined fort is situated on the southern edge of Delhi. It is situated at the heart of New Delhi, the capital city of India.

Tughlakabad Fort at New DelhiTughlakabad Fort along the Mehrauli-Badarpur Road at New Delhi.

This site has an close resemblance to the ruins of Mohenjdaro and Harappa. The fort construction was started in 1321, as the headquarters of Tughlaq dynasty. It was built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, to keep Mughal armies away from Delhi. Unfortunately, the fort was attacked in 1327.

The ancient monuments here contains of the Mausoleum of Ghiyath ud-Din Tughluq, along with two other graves which are believed to be of his wife and son (successor). It is made up of a single domed square tomb, which is 8 meters by 8 meters in dimension.

The  fantastic emerald green views of the fort are mesmerizing. There are artificial lakes and embankments around the fort and its surrounding areas. Tughlakabad  city is believed to have 52 gates in its heydays. 13 gates still remain in this ruined city. Massive stone fortifications can still be seen around the city. This is one among the historic places to see in New Delhi India.

A word of caution, beware of monkeys, which may steal your belongings.

How Do I Go to Tughlakabad Fort at New Delhi?

Tughlaqabad metro station on the Delhi metro is the nearest railway station. From there, you can take an auto to the fort.

Tughlakabad Fort Timings and Entry Fee

Tughlaqabad fort is open from 09:00 AM to 5:00 PM. There is a small entry fee to be paid, to visit this historic fort cum mausoleum.

A Temple Without Roof – Chausathi Jogini Temple

Chausathi Jogini Temple alias 64 Joginis Temple is a temple without any roof, believed to be built by the Queen Hiradevi of Bramha dynasty during the 9th century at Hirapur, 20 kilometers away from Bhubaneswar. Jogini means goddesses.

Chausathi Jogini TempleChausathi Jogini Temple.

Chausathi Jogini Temple is circular in shape. This temple is made up of sand stones. There are 56 cavities inside the circular wall of the temple. Each of which houses the statue of a Goddess, made of black granite. These are centered around the main idol, the Goddess Kali. The main idol is designed as a human head, representing the triumph of the heart over the mind. There is a central altar. The central altar has eight idols. There are four idols on each side of the central altar.

This ancient temple is maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. The legend behind the temple goes like this, Goddess Durga taking the form of 64 dime-goddesses, in order to defeat a demon.

How Do I Go to Chausathi Jogini Temple?

Chausathi Jogini Temple is situated at Hirapur, at around 20 kilometers from the temple city of Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha state, India.

Bhubaneswar Railway station is the major railway station in the city, with 6 platforms. BBS is the station code for Bhubaneswar railway station. There are 5 other railway stations within Bhubaneswar city limits. They are  Mancheswar, Lingaraj Temple Road, Vani Vihar, Patia and Sarkantra railway stations.

Bus services are also there connecting Bhubaneswar with other parts of the country.  Interstate Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Baramunda is the major bus station in the city, which is well connected to other major cities of the nearby states.

Biju Patnaik International Airport at Bhubaneswar is located at 6 kilometers  distance from the city center.