Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Ramsar Wetland Site & UNESCO World Heritage site
Keoladeo Ghana National Park alias Keoladeo National Park is a famous avifauna sanctuary that is home to thousands of birds, situated at Bharatpur, Rajasthan state, India. It is also a Ramsar Wetland Site and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Keoladeo wildlife national park was previously known by the name Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, as it is situated at Bharatpur. It was named as a national park on 10th March, 1982. It was previously declared as a bird sanctuary on 13th March, 1976. In October 1981, it was declared as a Ramsar site. In 1985, this national park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man made wetland, built around 250 years ago mainly as a waterfowl hunting ground. A bund was constructed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the king of the princely state of Bharatpur, at the confluence of two rivers, the Gambhir and Banganga river. The reserve is spread over an area of 29 square kilometers (11 square miles) and is locally known as Ghana. Lord Linlithgow, the Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943, shot thousands of ducks at this park in a single day!
There is a boundary wall along the sides of the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, thus restricting the encroachment by humans. Cattle gazing is banned inside Ghana National Park. Unlike other national park,this one does not have any buffer zone and is surrounded by heavenly populated villages numbers around 15.
Flora and Fauna at Keoladeo Ghana National Park
The park is rich in flora and fauna. 379 floral species are found in this wildlife park. 50 species of fish and 13 species of snakes are foound in this national park. It is also habitat for a large number of other fauna. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is believed to be one of the world’s best bird sanctuaries.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is home to around 230 species of birds. A large number of migratory birds comes to this park during the winter months. A total of 366 bird species were found in this park. Ornithologists throng this sanctuary in large numbers. It is a bird watchers paradise. There are three watch towers inside the sanctuary.
How Do I Go to Keoladeo Ghana National Park?
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is situated at around 2 kilometers from Bharatpur town. It is close to the
Agra city, famous for the world wonder, Taj Mahal, is at around 55 kilometers from this wildlife national park. The nearest airport is at Agra.
Jaipur and New Delhi are at around 180 kilometers distance from Keoladeo National Park. Mathura, the birth place of Lord Krishna, is at around 35 kilometers from Keoladeo Ghana National Park at Bharatpur.
Accommodation is available at Bharatpur Forest Lodge, inside the national park. There are 17 air-conditioned rooms at Bharatpur Forest Lodge. It is run by the government and is situated inside the National park. There are many hotels and restaurants at Bharatpur city.