Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat
Pavagadh Archaeological Park or Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is in Panchmahal district of Gujarat state, India. This Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park in Gujarat is a vast area of around 3300 acres with a buffer zone of around 7000 acres! It consists of the historic citadel, palace & other buildings and military structures, water installation, etc, which together formed the capital of Mahmud Begda. The work of rebuilding (this city was the capital of Solanki Kings and Khichi Chauhans) the capital city on the foot hills was started in 1484 A.D. by the young Sultan Mahmud Begda and took 23 years to complete. Mahmud Begda then shifted the capital of his kingdom from Ahmedabad to Pavagadh. (Mahmud Begda was the grandson of Great Ahmed Shah, who founded the Ahmedabad City.)
Pavagadh Temples in the Archaeological Park
There are Hindu temples and Jain temples. Mosques and many other historic heritage buildings are also there in this heritage site. The ‘gudhamandapa’ and ‘antarala’ of a 10th/11th century temple is the oldest remains found in the Archaeological Park. There are many other Hindu and Jain temples of 13th to 15th century, built in Nagara style of architecture, in the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park.
Some of the historical monuments consists of a series of fortifications, which extend from the plains to the Pavagadh hill top. These forts have beautiful bastions with balconies in between. The Jama Masjid inside the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, is a perfect blend of Hindu-Moslem architecture. There are four other Mosques inside the Champaner – Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which are still in good condition.
The Pavagadh hill at a mean height of around 800 meters above sea level, is considered as one of the oldest rock formations in India, with Reddish-yellow coloured stones.
How do I go to Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park,?
Champaner is at a distance of 45 kilometers from Vadodara alias Baroda.
What are the Timings of Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park?
The Archaeological Park is open from sunrise to sunset.