Ramakrishna Math Alias Belur Math at Belur (Kolkotta)

Ramakrishna math is a math in memory of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the great 19th century saint (1836-1886), on the banks of Ganges River at Belur, Kolkotta. It is also known as Belur Math as it is located at Belur.

Ramakrishna Math alias Belur Math
Ramakrishna Math alias Belur Math at Belur, Kolkotta.

Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are the organizations that undertakes the spiritual movement called Ramakrishna Movement or Vedanta Movement. Ramakrishna Math is the monastic organization for men. Ramakrishna Mission was started by Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), great disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, which has monks of Ramakrishna Math at Belur and devotees conducting social service, mainly in India. Ramakrishna Mutt (Mutt and math means monetary) and Ramakrishna Mission are financially separate entities. Though both organizations are two separate legal entities, both are closely related or inter-linked and is regarded as twins.

Ramakrishna temple is the main attraction here. The temple architecture is a combination of Hindu, Christian and Islamic motifs. Swami Vijnanananda, a brother-monk of Swami Vivekananda designed this temple,

Holy Mother’s temple is another attraction here. The temple is dedicated to Sarada Devi, spiritual consort of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Brahmananda’s temple is another temple dedicated to Swami Brahmananda, the first president of the Math and Mission, who was a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

Ramakrishna Museum is a museum displaying artifacts used by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda and some other disciples.

How Do I Go to Ramakrishna Mat or Belur Math?

Ramakrishna Math alias Belur Math is at Belur in Howrah district, Kolkotta. Kolkotta is well connected by all modes of transport to the rest of the country and the world. There is an international airport and a major railway station at Kolkotta.

Kalimpong Hill Station Known for Buddhist Scriptures

Kalimpong is a picturesque hill station at an altitude of 4101 feet or 1250 meters in West Bengal, India.

Kalimpong Town with Himalaya Mountains in the background
Kalimpong Town with Himalaya Mountains in the background

This historic town was the gateway for the trade between India and Tibet, till the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950.

Kalimpong town is on a ridge overlooking River Teesta. Orchids forms the main part of Horticulture industry here. The hill station town is also famous for Ginger cultivation. The surrounding areas of the hill station are famous for the Darjeeling Tea. The hill station town is also famous for its schools, which attracts lot of students from within the country and neighboring Asian countries. 27 Mountain Division of Indian Army is located on the outskirts of this hill station town.

Sightseeing in Kalimpong

This Hill station town with Himalayas on the background is an ideal destination for any tourist. Its also a Buddhist pilgrimage center. Zang Dhok Palri Phodang Monastery located on this hill station town is famous for its Rare Tibetan Buddhist Scriptures. The Kalimpong Science Center, on top of the Deolo Hills, is another tourist destination established in the last decade.

How Do I Go to Kalimpong Hill Station?

Kalimpong Hill station town was earlier part of Darjeeling district. Recently, the Government has announced the town as the headquarters of the newly formed district with the same name.

Sevok to Gangtok National Highway Link, NH 31A passes close to the town. (NH 31 is the main National Highway connecting Sevok with Siliguri.)

Siliguri, Darjeeling, Gangtok, Kurseong, etc, are some of the nearby towns which are connected by regular bus services to this hill station.

The nearest airport, Bagdogra airport near Silguri, is at around 50 kilometers distance. New Jalpaiguri railway station near Silguri is the closest major railway station.

Boating at Samendu Lake & Pony Riding in Mirik Hill Station Near Darjeeling

Mirik hill station is a picturesque hill station in Darjeeling district, West Bengal, India. Samendu lake is the center of attraction. There is a 3.5 kilometer road around the lake, which is used for walking exercise. Kangchenjunga mountain ranges are visible from here.

The Lake is surrounded by a garden on one side. The other side has pine trees. Both the lake and the pine tree areas are linked together by Indreni Pool, an arch shaped footbridge.

Sumendu lake, Mirik, Dist. DarjeelingSumendu lake, Mirik, Dist. Darjeeling

Boating in the lake and pony riding around the lake are activities that are popular among the tourists.

How Do I Go To Mirik Hill Station?

Mirik Hill Station is well connected by roads. This Hill Station is at a distance of 52 kilometers northwest of Siliguri city. Darjeeling town is at 50 kilometers distance.

Bagdogra airport with IATA code IXB, is the nearest airport at 52 kilometers distance. ‘New Jalpaiguri railway station’ is the nearest railway station. Siliguri Junction railway station and Darjeeling railway station are other nearby major railway station.

Jeep Safari in Buxa Tiger Reserve & Trekking Inside Buxa National Park

Buxa Tiger Reserve is a ‘Project tiger’ reserve inside the Buxa National Park at Alipurduar district of West Bengal state in India along the international border with Bhutan.

Buxa Tiger Reserve
Buxa Tiger Reserve

Tiger, Elephant, Indian Boar, Gaur (Indian bison), Civet, Red jungle fowl, etc, are found in large numbers at Buxa National Park, spread over an area of 760 square kilometers.

Jungle safari is available in this Tiger park. Jeep Safari and Car Safari is allowed inside the Buxa National Park. You need to get permission from the Forest Office situated at Rajabhatkhawa or Jayanti. Trekking of 3.9 kilometers is allowed inside the Tiger reserve and National Park from Santhalbari. Trekking tour takes around one hour and fifteen minutes. There is another trekking tour route covering 13 kilometers to Jayanti via Mahakal Cave through dense forests. There are few other trekking tour routes also. The most popular trekking tour route is ‘Pagsamkha Path Trekking‘ from Buxa Fort to Raimatung, via Aadma.

The Buxa Tiger Reserve and National park is rich in flora and Fauna. Birds species numbering around 284 are found here. 76 Snake species, 5 amphibians species, 73 mammal species, 450 species of trees, 400 species of herbs, 100 species of grass ,150 species of orchids, 130 species of aquatic flora and 250 species of shrubs are found in Buxa National Park and Tiger reserve.

Buxa Fort is associated with the Indian freedom struggle. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple is situated inside the Buxa Tiger Reserve.

Endangered Species in Buxa Tiger Reserve

Indian tiger (Bengal Tiger), Bengal florican, Asian elephant, leopard cat, regal python, Chinese pangolin, hispid hare, Hog deer, lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), chestnut breasted partridge (Arborophila mandellii), great hornbill, white rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis), slender billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris), rufous necked hornbill (Aceros nipalensis), Ferruginous pochard (Aythya nyroca), etc, are some the Endangered species found in Buxa Tiger Reserve.

How Do I Go to Buxa Tiger Reserve or Buxa National Park ?

Alipurduar is the nearest town to Buxa National Park at around 35 kilometers away. NH 31 is at a distance of 25 kilometers distance from the Tiger reserve. Alipur duar town and Rajabhatkhawa town are at 20 kilometers away. Nearest Airport is at the one at Bagdogra, at around 195 kilometers away.

Nearest Railway Station is Alipurduar Junction alias New Alipurduar at 37 kilometers away. NH 31 C runs along the southern boundary of the Tiger reserve.

Is Accommodation Available Inside Buxa Tiger Reserve?

There are many hotels and resorts at Alīpur Duar near Buxa Tiger Reserve. Buxa Tiger Reserve has forest department’s Inspection Bungalows, which sometimes allows visitors to stay there. They are not interested in Tourism activities, as it harms the beasts of the Jungle.

Birla Mandir and The Birla Family Tree

Birla Mandirs are a group of temples constructed by the Birla family (Birlas) across India. Birla Mandirs exists at New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kurushetra , Shahad, Bhopal, BITS Pilani,Jaipur, Patna, Akola, Varanasi (2 Birla Mandirs at Varanasi), Renukoot, Nagda, Brajrajnagar, Gwalior and Alibaug,

Birla Mandir construction is still going on at some places and the family believes in continuing the work.

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal

Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939

Birla Mandir at Bhopal
Birla Mandir at Bhopal

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal were constructed to fill a void. i.e These cities had no big temples. Delhi temple confirms to Nagara style of architecture, even though it was built using modern technology.

Architecture of Birla Mandirs Other Than Delhi and Bhopal

Most of the other Birla temples are built using marble or sandstone, in either Chandela Style of Architecture or Solanki Style of Architecture, both of which existed in the 10th-12th centuries.

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani campus is made of white marble and is a replica of the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. Gwalior Birla Mandir is a replica of the Konark Sun Temple.

Birla Group of Companies

Birla Mandirs across India are from Birla Family, who owns the Birla Group of companies. Birla family group is one of the leading business groups in India. Birla family members are the descendants of Seth Shobharam. Birlas belong to Pilani, a town in Rajasthan and are Marwari community, a community known for its business skills across India.

Birla Family Tree

Kumar Mangalam Birla, a fourth generation member of the Birla business family, currently heads the business after the demise of his father Aditya Vikram Birla in 1995. Aditya Vikram Birla is the son of Basant Kumar Birla ( Basant Kumar Birla is the grandfather of the current group head, Kumar Mangalam Birla and is currently the chairman of BITS Pilani) and grandson of Ghanshyam Das Birla. Ghanshyam Das Birla is the son of Baldeo Das Birla and grandson of Shiv Narayana Birla. Shiv Narayan Birla is the son of Seth Shobharam and grandson of Seth Bhudharmal.