Qila Mubarak at Patiala

Qila Mubara – Sikh Style of Architectural Palace at Patiala

Patiala city is build around the Qila Mubarak, an ancient and historic palace, in Punjab, India.

Qila Mubarak, Patiala
Qila Mubarak, Patiala.

Foundation stone for this magnificent Palace, Qila Mubarak, was laid in 1763 by King Baba Ala Singh. He is the founder of the erstwhile Princely state of Patiala. This Palace, Qila Mubarak, is a fine example of Sikh architecture.

Moti Bagh Palace, Sheesh Mahal, Gurdwara Dukh Niwaran Sahib, Qila Mubarak complex, Shri Kali Devi Temple, etc, are some of the other ancient historic buildings here.

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh, the erstwhile King of Patiala, is the first Indian to own an aircraft (Airplane).

Bhadurgarh Fort, built in 1658 A.D., on your way to Chandigarh, is at around 6 kilometers from the city. It is spread over an area of two square kilometers.

Patiala Salwar Kameez, Patiala pants (Punjabi ladies dress) and Patiala suits are popular dress materials among Indians.

How Do I Go to Patiala?

It is the capital of the district with the same name. This city is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Other cites like Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana are connected by roads. Nearby states like New Delhi and Chandigarh are also connected by good roads.

Patiala railway station under Ambala railway division, is the nearest railway station in the city. It is a major railway station in Punjab state. Station code for this station is PTA.

Chandigarh Airport is the nearest operational airport to this ancient and historic city.

Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI Airport) at the outskirts of New Delhi, is at around 250 kilometers away, which is connected to many countries across the world. IGI Airport is connected by the Orange line of the Delhi metro train services to almost all parts of Delhi and its suburbs. This line was built by Reliance Infrastructure Ltd and handed over to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) in 2013, due to their inability to operate the line.

#Patiala #QilaMubarak

Sanghol

Sanghol Museum, Harappan Site

Sanghol was the major center of Art, Culture, Civilization in India. Sanghol is situated in Fatehgarh Sahib District of Punjab state, on the Ludhiana-Chandigarh Road.

Sanghol has a Museum maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. This Museum has a rich collection of archaeological treasures dating back to the Harappan period (C.2000- B.C. 1200), excavated from nearby sites in Punjab.

1st/2nd century Buddhist Stupa remains site in Sanghol1st/2nd century Buddhist Stupa remains site in Sanghol. Photo Source : Buddhist Stupa remains site.

Very rare coins and seals belonging to the 5th and 6th century Central Asian Hephthalite emperors, Toramana and his son Mihirakula, were excavated from here and is displayed in the Museum at Sanghol.

Little bit of History on the Hephthalite alias Hunas or Huns empire

Hephthalite Empire (known as Hunas or Huns in India) consisted of parts of present day countries of Afghanistan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Hephthalite (Hunas) emperor Toramana have overthrown the Gupta emperors of India in the late 5th century and captured parts of central and northern India. Later they were defeated in early 6th century by Indian Kings Yasodharman (Maharaja of Malwa) and the Gupta emperor Narasimhagupta Baladitya. These two Kings were credited with driving the Hephthalite (Hunas) out of India.

Victory pillar of Yashodharman at Sondani
Victory pillar of Yashodharman at Sondani. Photo Source : Creative commons. ]

There is a Victory pillar of Yashodharman at Sondani, in Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh state, India. Narasimhagupta Baladitya defeated the Huns headed by Mihirkula, on the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta. Narasimhagupta Baladitya was the son of the Gupta king, Purugupta (reigned 467–473), who lost his kingdom to Hunas.

How Do I Go to Sanghol?

Sanghol village is at a distance of 40 kilometers from Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab and Haryana states. Sanghol is easily accessible by road.

Chandigarh Airport with IATA code IXC is the nearest airport to the Sanghol Museum, a Museum containing the remains of Harappan culture and related archaeology news. Chandigarh railway station’s code is CDG.

Cave temples, Gurdaspur

Cave temples at Gurdaspur in Punjab state of India, are a group of very ancient temples dug into the rock face on the banks of Ravi River.

These Cave temples are believed to be associated with “Pandavas”, of the great Hindu epic, Mahabharatha. There is a cleft, a little away from the rock temple site at Shahpur Kandi. This cleft is known as “Arjun’s Chulha” (Hindi word ‘chulha’ means ‘stove’ in English. ‘Arjun is one among the five brothers, known as “Pandavas”, heroes in the great Hindu epic, Mahabharatha.)

Sehdev’s Cave” is another famous cave at Shahpur Kandi. All these suggests to the association of these places to ‘Pandavas’.

Cave temples found here are also called ‘Doong Caves’, as they are situated near to Doong city.

How Do I Go to The Cave Temples of Gurdaspur?

The cave temples are located mid-way between Dhar and Shahpur Kandi, near to Doong. The cave temples  are situated 8 kilometers north-east of Shahpur Kandi. Pathankot is a major city near to Gurdaspur.

Gurdaspur District

The Gurdaspur district, the northern most district of Punjab, is sand-witched between the rivers ‘Ravi’ and ‘Beas’. This district shares its borders with Pakistan on the north western side, Kathua district of Jammu and Kashmir state on the northern side. Chamba and Kangra districts of Himachal Pradesh state lies on the north-eastern side of the district. Hoshiarpur district borders this district on the south-eastern side while Kapurthala district lies on the southern side of the district. Amritsar district lies on the the south western side of Gurdaspur district.

Rock Garden of Chandigarh

Rock Garden of Chandigarh is a 40 acre  Sculpture garden built of industrial and home waste and scrap materials in Chandigarh, India.

Rock Garden of Chandigarh
Dancing girls at Rock Garden, Chandigarh

Rock Garden of Chandigarh is also called Nek Chand’s Rock Garden named after its founder Nek Chand.

Nek Chand secretly worked in his spare time, more than half a century back, collecting waste materials and placing them in park. 18 years later, this  was noticed by government officials in 1975. As the area was a forest, Nek Chand’s work was considered illegal and the park would have been demolished except for the public support. Due to public support Nek Chand was appointed as an Engineer in charge of the park with 50 workers at his disposal for continuing the work.

Nek Chand continued his work for another 20 years and when he left in India it was destroyed partially by vandals and now this beautiful Rock park is manned by the Rock garden society; a society set up for the maintenance of this garden park.

This Garden made of rocks in Chandigarh has many man made water falls which are interlinked near Sukhna lake.

This beautiful garden in Chandigarh is visited by more than 4000 people everyday and is a popular tourist destination.

How Do I Go to Rock Garden, Chandigarh?

Rock garden is in Sector 1 and is well connected by roads and train. New Delhi is the nearest metro city to Chandigarh.

Newly inaugurated Chandigarh Airport  is the nearest International airport to this famous garden. This airport is spread across a state and a Union Territory! Terminal is located in the state of Punjab while runway is in the Union territory of Chandigarh.

Harminder Sahib in Punjab

Punjab’s Cuisine, Culture & History

Punjab is a north Indian state sharing its borders with Pakistan. Its culture and hospitality is unique and Punjabi’s carry this wherever they go. You get one of the best Indian food in this state. Punjab’s Cuisine, Culture and History needs to be experienced, at least once, in your lifetime.

Punjab's Cuisine, Culture, History
A photo of Harminder Sahib (The Golden Temple) and the surrounding Sarovar (Sacred Pool).

A Punjabi sees a Guest as a representative of God! Each village have separate place to receive guests and provide them with Pubjabi food.

Punjabi Dhabas are famous eateries serving hot delicious Punjabi food dishes. A Dhaba normally serves traditional food. Punjab is known for its mouth watering local foods. Dhabas can be seen in India and Pakistan, which are owned by Punjabis. Dhabas are typically open 24/7.

Punjab is the land of Warriors, the land of battlefield and the land of Gurus; a land that is mystique! A land with a long history of Culture.

Punjab literally means ‘land of five rivers’. It’s fertile lands feeds millions across India. One of the most hard working, industrious and agricultural workforce is seen here.

The ancient Indus Valley Civilization dating back to 5000 years back, tells the history of the state. Punjab is the home of Sikh religion. The Punjabi shrines, temples, etc, tells the magnificence of Sikh architecture. Amritsar Golden temple is the epitome of Sikh architecture.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Memorial in Punjab

Jallianwala Bagh memorial
Jallianwala Bagh memorial at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre site.

Jallianwala Bagh, a public garden at Amritsar established after Indian independence, to commemorate the ‘Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’ of 1919, is of prime national importance.

Waugh Border Ceremony or Beating Retreat Border Ceremony at Punjab Border

The evening flag lowering ceremony at the India-Pakistan International Border
The evening flag lowering ceremony at the India-Pakistan International Border near Wagah.

The Wagah border with Pakistan, the only road border crossing between India and Pakistan, is in Punjab. This border village serves as a link between India and Pakistan.

There is a ceremonial function at the border gate before sunset each day called ‘Waugh border ceremony‘. It is a daily event conducted by the security forces of  India and Pakistan. The border gates are opened and one soldier from each country stands at ‘attention’ on each side of the gate. Then a perfectly coordinated lowering of the two nation’s flags are conducted. The flags are folded and each soldier shake hands with the other. Then the border gates are closed. It is called ‘beating retreat border ceremony‘ in international parlance. It is a practice followed since 1959.

How Do I Go to Punjab?

Punjab is situated very close to the capital city of India, New Delhi. Its well connected by road, train and flights.