Traveling Tips For Majuli – The Largest River Island

Majuli is the Largest River Island in the World, in Assam state, India. It is in the Brahmaputra River. Last year the island was declared as a separate district; first of its kind in India.
Majuli island
Majuli island

Majuli river island is at the confluence of Brahmaputra river and Kherkutia Xuti. Kherkutia Xuti is an anabranch of the River Brahmaputra and Subansiri River.

Frequent earthquakes of the 16th century resulted in a  massive flooding in 1750, which lasted for 15 days. The combined effect of the earth quakes and flood resulted in Brahmaputra river discharging partly towards the southward direction. Majuli island was thus formed.

In the beginning of the last century, this island had an area of 1,250 square kilometers. Currently, it has an area of  352 square kilometers only. The island has shrunk as river Brahmaputra has engulfed the land area. The island was originally called Majoli. The island and the rivers surrounding the island, has changed a lot, in course of time.

This island district is considered as the cultural capital of Assamese civilization for the last four to five centuries. Its the abode of abode of Assamese Neo-Vaishnavites.  Srimanta Sankardeva, a great social reformer visited the island in the 15th century and established many hermitages and monasteries. They are called satra.

Auniati satra is one of the oldest satras and the main tourist attractions here.  Natun Kamalabari Satra, Uttar Kamalabari Satra, Garmur Satra , Shamaguri Satra (famous for mask making), etc, are some of the main satras in the island. Garmur Satra and Auniati satra has museums.

Sankardeva‘s disciple Madhavdeva was also instrumental in propagating the Neo-Vaishnavite culture in this island.

There are a lot of migratory birds in the winter season. Soil erosion is a major cause of worry for this island. Goverment is implementing some projects to avoid this problem. Afforestation efforts also helped in restoring some of the lost greenery.

There are schools and colleges in the island. A few concrete houses has come up in the island even though most of the residents still reside in huts. The island is does not have any industries and hence it is almost pollution free, except for a few vehicles.

Namghar is the heart of the island, where local assemble to sing, pray and to conduct religious functions. Raas leela is the main festival of the island, conducted during the month of November. It is is one of the most colorful festivals of India.

Economy of Majuli

Economy of Majuli is mainly dependent on agriculture. Paddy is the main crop here int he island. There are more than 100 varies of paddy here, which are cultivated using organic farming methods.

Fishing, Weaving  of Hand loom products, Pottery making, Mask making, etc, are the other main sources of income for the villagers of Majuli Assam.

Muga Silk Sarees, once reserved only for the members of the royal families, is a popular silk produced in the the island and other parts of Assam.

How Do I Go to The Largest River Island In The World – Majuli?

Jorhat is the nearest city at around 20 kilometers distance south of the island. It is connected by ferry services to the island.There are a total of 6 services per day between from  the Nimati Steamer Ghat at Jorhat, on the mainland.

Lakhimpur town  is situated to the north of the island (The island is part of Lakhimpur Lok Sabha constituency).  Golaghat town is on the southwest side of the island. Sibsagar town is on the southeastern side.

Guwahati city, the capital of the state of Assam,  is at around 350 kilometers distance from the world’s largest river island. Guwahati to Jorhat bus services are available. Jorhat to Guwahati distance is around 306 kilometers. Jorhat to Guwahati traveling time is around 7 hours. Majuli to Guwahati traveling takes more than 8.5 hours.

What About Majuli Resort or Lodge in Majuli?

Kamalabari Satra has a lodge in majuli island, with rooms for night stay at very affordable rates; inside the satra.

River View Bamboo Cottage, Okegiga Homes, Hotel MD’s Continental,The Manor, Hotel Jironi, Hotel Jora Palace, Thengal Manor, etc, are some the Majuli island resort and hotels in and around Majuli and the mainland region.

La Lolat Eco Camp, Gibbon Eco Camp costs lesser than the  above mentioned hotels. Kamalabari Satra also scores on price front.

Travel Tip to Majuli River Island Tourists

You can take your car or two wheeler in the ferry to the island, from Jorhat Assam. Hiring a cab is very costly in the island.

Information About Tripura State Museum at Ujjayanta Palace

Ujjayanta Palace was the erstwhile residence of the Royal family of the princely state of Tripura. It now houses Tripura State Museum.

Tripura state museum, Ujjayanta Palace
Tripura state museum, Ujjayanta Palace

This magnificent palace on the banks of a lake was constructed by Maharaj Radha Kishore Manikya, in between 1899 and 1901. Their palace  existing palce was devastated by a massive earthquake in 1897. The name Ujjayanta Palace was suggested by the first Asian Nobel Prize winner, Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore had a close relationship with the monarch.

This palace compound is spread over an area of 250 acres or approximately 1 square kilometers. Its a two-storied building, with three large domes. The largest dome is 26 meters in height. The palace is a fusion of British, Mughal and Roman architecture!

The palace is surrounded by a beautiful Mughal garden with fountains. The palace, other buildings and the Mughal garden is spread over 800 acres of land!

Princely state of Tripura was one of the oldest princely states in India. This dynasty was established during the reign of Maharaja Maha Manikya, who was the first Manikya Monarch. He was was crowned in 1400 AD!

Accession of the Princely state of Tripura with India was completed in October 1949, after India got independence from the British in 1947. Tripura government purchased the palace from the legal heirs of the royals in 1972. The state assembly was functioning in this palace till July 2011. The assembly was shifted to a new building, around 6 kilometers away in 2011.

Ujjayanta Palace is one of the most historic places in the whole of north eastern states. It severed as the royal residence, state assembly and now houses the state museum.

Ujjayanta Palace Tripura State Museum

Tripura state museum was established in 1970. It is the largest museum among the north eastern states of India. The government of Tripura shifted the  Museum to Ujjayanta Palace in 2013. State museum in Tripura is called Ujjayanta Palace. There were protests from the locals and the titular maharaja of Tripura, when the state government tried in vain to rename the state museum of Tripura as ‘Tripura State Museum’.

There are 22 galleries which displays art, culture, ethnic diversity, heritage, history and tradition of India’s north eastern region.  Ancient Coins, copper and stone inscriptions, bronze sculptures, paintings, drawings, tribal ornaments, musical instruments, etc, finds a place among the articles on display at this magnificent museum.

There is a  statue of Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya, the king who constructed this palace. There is a musical fountain, which is a new addition, near the main entrance.

How Do I Go to Ujjayanta Palace Museum?

Ujjayanta Palace Museum is situated at the heart of Agartala city, the capital of Tripura state. Agartala is connected by roads to other parts of the country.

Agartala railway station is the railway station in the city. It’s station code is AGTL.

There is also an airport at Agartala. It was constructed by the Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur in 1942. He reigned from  1908 – 1947. His son Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya (with Kanchan Prava Devi as Regent) was the last king of the princely state of Tripura, who reigned from 1947 -1949. This historic airport was used by  the United States Army Air Force during the World War II.

Tripura State Museum Ujjayanta Palace Timings

Tripura state museum Ujjayanta palace timings are as follows.

It opens at 11  am and closes at 6 pm, except on Mondays. Mondays are holidays for the Tripura state museum Ujjayanta palace.

Kanchenjunga National Park and Khangchendzonga National Park – UNESCO World Heritage Site (Mixed site)

Kanchenjunga National Park which was renamed as Khangchendzonga National Park, is situated in Sikkim state, India, bordering Nepal. Its also a Biosphere reserve known by the name Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the first Mixed Heritage site from India. Mixed Heritage sites are world heritage sites with cultural and natural significance,

Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) are seen in Kanchenjunga National ParkHimalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) are seen in Kanchenjunga National Park.

A rare and genetically distinct wild dog, Dhole, also known by names like Asiatic wild dog, Indian wild dog, red wolf, whistling dog is seen in this park.

Kanchenjunga National Park is home to around 550 birds species. Himalayan Forest Thrush (Zoothera Salimalii), a new bird specie, was found at this park in 2016.

Kanchenjunga National Park offers plenty of trekking opportunities, for those interested in trekking. The main starting point for trekking is Yuksom, at around 145 kilometers from Gangtok. You need to get the trekking permits from ‘The Wildlife Education and Interpretation center’ at Yuksom or from the check post at the entrance to the park.

Kanchenjunga National Park is spread over an area of 849.5 square kilometers and is located on the Kanchenjunga Himalayan Peaks, the third highest peak in the world. Many glaciers are there in the park. Himalayan Tahr, musk deer, snow leopard, Clouded Leopard, etc, are seen in this park.

How Do I Go to Kanchenjunga National Park which is now renamed as Khangchendzonga National Park?

Kanchenjunga National Park which is now renamed as Khangchendzonga National Park, is accessible from NH 31 A (Sevok–Gangtok National highway). The Nearest towns are Yuksom Town and Chungthan town, at around 20 kilometers distance.

Gangtok is the nearest city which is connected by helicopter services. The nearest airport is at Darjeeling district, West Bengal state, at around 220 kilometers distance. New Jalpaiguri Junction railway station (twin city Siliguri) is the nearest railway station at around 220 kilometers away.

Accommodation inside Kanchenjunga National Park

Kanchenjunga National Park has four rest houses, which can house up-to 20 persons. Bookings may be made at the Forest Range Office.

April and May are the ideal time to visit this national park. Monsoon and Winter months should be avoided. Restricted area permits are required for Non-Indian nationals. Indian nationals are required to obtain Inner Line Permits from the State Home Department. Permission from the State Chief Wildlife Warden is also required to visit this park.

Red Panda is found in Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

Red Panda & Other Endangered Species at Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Upper Dibang Valley district, the least populated district in India, formed in 2011, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Red Panda, an Endangered animal species, is found here.

dibang wildlife sanctuary

Red Panda is found in Dibang Wild life Sanctuary.

The Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary near Indo-China border, was created in 1992. A beautiful lake is there in the middle of the valley. Dibang River, which flows through the length of the valley, originates in China.

Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary has an area of 5112 square kilometers. It is rich in flora and fauna. This wildlife sanctuary is home to rare species of animals like Asiatic black bear, Gongshan Muntjac, Mishmi Takin, Musk deer, Red Goral, Serow, Tiger,etc. Its also home to some rare species of birds like Blyth’s Tragopan, Sclater’s Monal, etc.

Dibang wild life sanctuary was recently in the news for spotting a flying squirrel named ‘Mishmi Hills giant flying squirrel’ (Petaurista Mishmiensis), discovered near the border of the sanctuary.

Namdapha Tiger Reserve and Pakke Tiger Reserve are part of this wildlife sanctuary. Kameng Elephant Reserve is also part of this sanctuary. Parashuram Kund, a popular pilgrimage place, is situated close to this sanctuary.

How Do I Go to Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary?

Dibang wildlife sanctuary is quite hard to access, as it lies at the north eastern part of the country. Anini, the capital of the district is the northernmost district capital in India. Roing is the main settlement near to Anini.

Guwahati railway station is the nearest major railway station to Dibang wildlife sanctuary. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport alias Guwahati International Airport is the nearest major airport to the wildlife sanctuary. (Tezu Airport is at around 300 kilometers away from Anini. Itanagar Airport is a new airport under construction in the state. Both these airports are not operational now.)

Parshuram Kund and Glow Lake at Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Lohit District, Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary.

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of around 783 square kilometers. This Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1989. Kamlang River flows through the sanctuary and hence got its name. Glow Lake at an altitude of around 5,000 feet, spread over 8 square kilometers, accessible only by trekking, is the major lake inside this sanctuary.

Parshuram Kund or Parashurama Kunda, a famous Hindu pilgrimage center, is situated inside this wildlife sanctuary.

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna. Leopard, clouded leopard, tiger and snow leopard; the four big cat species, can be found here in this protected wildlife sanctuary. Around 150 tree species are found in this sanctuary. Around 61 mammal species, 20 reptile species and 105 bird species are found here in this protected wildlife park.

How Do I Go to Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary?

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated near to Wakro town. Namsai town is at around 70 kilometers from Wakro town. Tinsukia and Dibrugarh has the nearest railway station and airport respectively.

Guwahati Town is the nearest major town to Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary, which is connected to the rest of the country by road, train and flight services.