Red Fort Delhi – Residence of the Mughal Emperors

Red Fort at Delhi was the official Residence of the Mughal Emperors for nearly Two Centuries from mid 16th century to mid 18th century. 1857 Rebellion against the British saw the British winning the rebellion. The British had destroyed two-thirds of the inner structures of the Red fort. Later on, under Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, repairers to the fort walls, gardens and water channels were made. Heritage buildings, Gardens, Palaces, etc, in the red fort museum complex are now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

On the ramparts of Red Fort, the Prime Mister of India hoists national flag each year on Indian Independence day, i.e. on August 15th.

Red Fort, Delhi
Red Fort, Delhi.

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Red fort as the Mughal capital in 1648 and shifted the capital from Red Fort Agra to Red Fort Delhi. It is made of Red sandstone and hence got its name. The Fort is adjacent to Salimgarh Fort, an older fort built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The Palace and other buildings inside the Red fort complex on 254.67 acres of land, are connected by a water channels (called Stream of Paradise), which used to be fed by waters from the the Yamuna river, which was flowing next to the Fort during those days. River Yumuna has changed its course slightly afterwards.

Red Fort was designed by the same designer who designed the Taj Mahal at Agra. The Red fort architecture is considered ultimate Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan. His son and successor, Emperor Aurangzeb, added the Pearl Mosque to the private quarters of the emperor. Persian emperor Nadir Shah has defeated the Mughals in 1739 and looted most of the valuables including the Peacock Throne (which cost twice as much as the cost of construction of Taj Mahal) and world’s most expensive diamond Kohinoor or Koh-i-Noor. Kohinoor Diamond is currently part of Queen Elizabeth II’s Royal Crown.

There is a sound & light show at the fort in the evenings, which describes the Mughal history to the tourists. Most the original structure are damaged now. The extensive water channels with its fragrant waters are dry. Most of its Marble inlaid flowers were looted by invaders. The tea house now houses a restaurant, even though not in original form. Pearl mosque and hamam ( Turkish Bath) are now closed for the public.

Red Fort is one of the must see places to visit in Delhi. Delhi sightseeing would not be complete, without a visit to Red Fort.

Structures Inside the Red Fort Museum or Complex

Major structures inside the UNESCO World Heritage site of Red Fort Museum Complex today are Chawari Bazar, Lahori Gate, Chhatta Chowk, Naubat Khana, Delhi Gate, Water Gate, Diwan-i-Aam,Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal, Nahr-i-Behisht, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Hammam, Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), Hira Mahal, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh & Princes’ Quarters.

How Do I Go to Red Fort, Delhi?

Red Fort at Delhi is situated in the heart of the city and is accessible by road. Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station , a major terminal station in New Delhi, is close to red Fort. New Delhi Railway station is another Major railway station which connects the city with the rest of the country. There is an International airport at New Delhi.

What are The Entry Timings at Red Fort Delhi

The Red Fort is open from 9:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. on all days, except Mondays.

Sound and Light show timings are  from 6 pm on-wards (in English and Hindi). It is charged separately. It costs Rs. 80 for adults and Rs. 30 for children for this show.

How much is the Entry Fees at Red Fort Delhi

There is an entry fee to enter this UNESCO Heriatge site. Red fort Delhi ticket rate is INR 35 for Indian citizens,

Red fort Delhi ticket charges for foreigners is INR 500. Please confirm the rates mentioned above at your end.

Qutub Minar – World’s Tallest Brick Minaret

Qutub Minar is the World’s Tallest Brick Minaret at old Delhi, India. Qutb Complex which consists of Qutab Minar and surrounding ancient and medieval monuments are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The minar (tower) is constructed using red sandstone and marble. Qutub Minar is also known as as Qutb Minar, Qutab Minar, Kutub Minar. Kutuminar

Calligraphy on Qutub Minar

Ghorid Dynasty rulers built Qutub Minar for which the work was started in 1200 AD by Qutb al-Din Aibak who founded the Delhi Sultanate. In 1220. his successor, Iltutmish, added 3 more floors to the tower. The top storey was destroyed completed in a lighting in 1368. After that, two floors each were added to the Qutb Minar. In 1803, a major earthquake damaged the Qutab minar seriously. Renovation works were carried out in 1828, by the British Indian Army and they installed a cupola or dome to the top of the tower.

There are verses from the Quran in the Qutub Tower or kutuminar. There are inscriptions in the Qutub tower, which reveals the history of the tower, repair works carried out, etc.

Ancient and Medieval Monuments Inside the Qutub Minar Complex

Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque on the north side of the tower was built in 1192 and it still exists. Iron pillar of Delhi, a 7 meter or 23 feet rust-resistant Iron column, weighing over 5000 kilograms, is there inside the complex. It is believed to be made in 402 CE and installed at the current site in 1233 CE. Alai Gate and the incomplete Alai Minar are also inside the complex. There is also the Tomb of Iltutmish inside the Qutub complex.

How Do I Go to Qutub Minar?

Qutab minar is situated at the capital of India, Delhi. The nearest Delhi Metro railway station is “Qutb Minar station”, on the Qutab Minar – HUDA City Center Yellow line. Delhi is well connected to all parts of India and also to the rest of the world.

Entry Restrictions at Qutub Minar

In 1981, Fourty Five people were killed due to a stampede, resulting from power failure. Subsequently, Public entry inside the tower was banned. You can still go inside the complex. you can go near to the tower and other historic sites inside the Qutub Minar complex.

Bus Pass in Delhi

Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) issues different type of bus passes like Daily pass, Weekly pass, Fortnightly pass, Monthly pass, etc,. You need to contact any of the 40 offices of DTC, listed under ‘Know about Pass Sections‘.

Daily bus pass in Delhi costs Indian Rupees (INR) 40 per day, for non air-conditioned buses. Air conditioned daily bus passes in Delhi costs INR 50. Weekly bus passes costs rupees 280 and 350, for non-a/c and a/c buses, respectively.

Golden Triangle Tour Packages in India 

Golden triangle India tour package is the most popular tour package in India covering Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. These 3 historical places are situated in the shape of a triangle and hence the package got that name.

Golden triangle tour packages in India covers many heritage sites in these historic places. These include UNESCO world heritage sites of Qutab Minar (Delhi), Red Fort (Delhi), Taj Mahal (agra), Red Fort (Agra), Fatehpur Sikri (Fatehpur near Agra), Amer Fort & Palace (Jaipur). Jantar Mandir (Jaipur).

Tajmahal Agra, Part of Golden Triangle India Tour Package

Golden Triangle Tour Package in India – Taj Mahal, The Main Attraction in the package

Golden Triangle India Tour Package  – Delhi Tourist Places

You can travel to India and land in Delhi, the capital city of India. Your Golden Triangle travel can be started from Delhi. Delhi has many historic places like Qutab Minar (The Tallest Brick Minaret in the World), Oldest Indian Mosque, Jama Masjid, Red Fort at Delhi (residence of the Mughal emperors for around 200 years from 1648 till 1857), Ashoka Pillar, etc, to name a few. There are a lot of other tourist attractions in Delhi. They include Lotus temple, Akshardham Temple & Swaminarayan Akshardham, India Gate, Teen Murthi Bhavan, etc.

Golden Triangle India Tour Package – Agra Tourist Places

Tow hours drive from Delhi takes you to Agra, where world famous Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is situated. Red Fort (Agra) which is also known as Agra Fort , is another nearby historic place. Emperor Shah Jahan, who built Taj Mahal, was dethroned by his own son Emperor Aurangazeb and was confined to the nearby Agra Fort on the banks of the holy river Yamuna. Yamuna river is holy for Hindus.

Fatehpur Sikri is another historic place at around 37 kilometers from Agra on your way to Jaipur. Fatehpur Sikri was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1569 and was the Mughal Capital from 1571 to 1585 .

Golden Triangle India Tour Package – Jaipur India

3 hours drive from Fatehpur Sikri takes you to the pink city, Jaipur India. Some of the main Heritage sites are Amer Fort and Palace, Jaipur water palace, Jaipur City Palace & attached Museum, Jaipur Jantar Mantar (Astronomical Observation site with the World’s Largest Stone Sundial ), Hawa Mahal Palace, etc.

How Much is the Golden Triangle Tour Package Price in India?

Golden triangle tour package price in India varies from tour operator to operator. Please check the current rates with your travel agent.

Akshardham Temple,Swaminarayan Akshardham

Akshardham Temple a temple built with pink stones and pure white marbles (without use of steel) on the banks of Yamuna river in Eastern New Delhi near to Noida in India. Akshardham Temple or Swaminarayan Akshardham showcases 10,000 years of India’s glorious culture, heritage and its spirituality. Akshardham Temple is a must see place for a Delhi tourist.

Akshardham Temple, New DelhiAkshardham Temple, New Delhi. Photo Source : Creative commons Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

‘Akshardham’ means eternal and divine abode of God. Akshardham Temple was built by the followers of ‘Swaminarayan’ (3 April 1781 – 1 June 1830). He was named ‘Sahajanand Swami’, by his guru, Ramanand Swami.

Sahajanand Swami taught ‘Swaminarayan mantra’, a single mantra composed of six syllables, Swa-mi-na-ra-ya-n, which is chanted by Swaminarayan section of his followers. From that time on-wards, he is known as Swaminarayan and he is considered as the incarnation of God. He built six temples during his lifetime. He has also appointed 500 paramhansas (spiritual teachers who attained enlightenment) to spread his philosophy.

The fifth spiritual successor to Swaminarayan and the current guru Pramukh Swami Maharaj, constructed the Akshardham Temple and was inaugurated on 6 November 2005.

Apart from the huge statue of Swaminarayana, visitors can visit the ‘Hall of Values’ , which is an Audio Animatronics Show depicting the Indian culture, through the life of Swaminarayan. There is also a Giant Screen (six storey building height) which shows the epic period film featuring Swaminarayana, shot over the length and breadth of India, featuring almost all of India’s the holy places, its festivals and its spiritual traditions. One of its kind in the world and a ‘must watch’ for all visitors to Akshardham Temple, New Delhi. There is another exciting 12 minute boat ride , which showcases the 10,000 year old Indian heritage! Colorful musical fountain and the vast garden are some of the other attractions inside the temple.

Akshardham Temple is one of its kind in India and occupies its position as a leading Indian tourism center.

How do I go to Akshardham Temple, New Delhi?

“Akshardham” metro railway station on the blue line is at the entrance to the Akshardham Temple, New Delhi. Those travelling by car can go to the Akshardham Temple by taking National Highway No. 24 (which takes you to Noida). New Delhi I.G. International airport is the nearest airport to Akshardham Temple.

One of the seven wonders of world, Taj Mahal, is at around 204 kilometers or 127 miles from Akshardham Temple at New Delhi.

Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque

Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque is at Chawri Bazar Road, Old Delhi India.

Built by the great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque is the largest and most famous Mosque in India. An example of the finest Mughal Architecture, the construction of the Delhi Jama Masjid was started in the year A.D. 1650 and was completed in the year A.D. 1965.

Jama Masjid DelhiJama Masjid Delhi.

Masterpiece of Shah Jahan’s construction was that of  Taj Mahal at Agra, one of the seven wonders of the world. Delhi, Agra & Jaipur is covered in the Golden Triangle tour packages in India. Please call your travel agent to know more about Golden Triangle Tour package price.

Emperor Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal emperor after Babar, Humayun, Akbar and Jahangir. Emperor Shah Jahan ruled from A.D. 1628 to 1658 and died in A.D. 1666. His son Aurangzeb imprisoned Shah Jahan and became the 6th Mughal  emperor in 1658.

Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque is situated opposite to the Red Fort Delhi where Prime Mister of India hoists the national flag on Independence day, i.e. 15th of August, every year.

The Juma masjid Delhi can easily accommodate 25000 perople for prayers at a single time. The Jama masjid in Delhi, oldest Indian Mosque, has a copy of an antique Quran written on the Deer skin. Jama Masjid is the most infulential mosque in India and is at the center of India News for Muslims in India.

How to reach Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque

Interior Cusped arches of Jama asjid DelhiInterior Cusped arches of Jama Masjid Delhi The facade of the Jama Masjid Delhi, Oldest Indian Mosque. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)[/caption]

Chawri Bazar, the deepest underground railway station in any of the Delhi metro railway lines, at 30 meters below ground level, on the Delhi Yellow metro line from Huda City Center in Gurgaon to Jahangirpuri, is the nearest Delhi Metro railway station for reaching the Jama masjid in Delhi. There are 18 escalators to reach this depth!

Taking the metro train or city bus is the easiest mode to reach Jama mosque Delhi, as old Delhi is very crowded and taking your vehicle (even a two wheeler) and getting a parking space is next to impossible. Chawri Bazar Delhi metro railway station is very close to New Delhi railway station ( next station on the Yellow line) and Old Delhi railway stations.

For  those outstation travelers, New Delhi is the nearest major railway station to this Mosque old Delhi. Then you can board the yellow line metro train at New Delhi underground metro station. New Delhi metro station is connected by Delhi Airport Metro Express Line to Indira Gandhi International Airport in the Orange Line. This line was initially operated by a Reliance Infrastructure Ltd’s subsidiary company and from 1st July 2013 is being operated by DMRC.