Tughlakabad Fort of Tughlaq Dynasty at New Delhi

Tughlakabad For, an ancient ruined fort is situated on the southern edge of Delhi. It is situated at the heart of New Delhi, the capital city of India.

Tughlakabad Fort at New DelhiTughlakabad Fort along the Mehrauli-Badarpur Road at New Delhi.

This site has an close resemblance to the ruins of Mohenjdaro and Harappa. The fort construction was started in 1321, as the headquarters of Tughlaq dynasty. It was built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, to keep Mughal armies away from Delhi. Unfortunately, the fort was attacked in 1327.

The ancient monuments here contains of the Mausoleum of Ghiyath ud-Din Tughluq, along with two other graves which are believed to be of his wife and son (successor). It is made up of a single domed square tomb, which is 8 meters by 8 meters in dimension.

The  fantastic emerald green views of the fort are mesmerizing. There are artificial lakes and embankments around the fort and its surrounding areas. Tughlakabad  city is believed to have 52 gates in its heydays. 13 gates still remain in this ruined city. Massive stone fortifications can still be seen around the city. This is one among the historic places to see in New Delhi India.

A word of caution, beware of monkeys, which may steal your belongings.

How Do I Go to Tughlakabad Fort at New Delhi?

Tughlaqabad metro station on the Delhi metro is the nearest railway station. From there, you can take an auto to the fort.

Tughlakabad Fort Timings and Entry Fee

Tughlaqabad fort is open from 09:00 AM to 5:00 PM. There is a small entry fee to be paid, to visit this historic fort cum mausoleum.

Air Force Museum or Aviation Museum at Delhi

Air Force Museum is the museum of the Indian Air Force, situated at Palam Air Force Station in New Delhi. Its one among the two Military Aviation Museums in India.

Entrance to Air Force Museum, Palam, New Delhi
Entrance to Air Force Museum at Palam, New Delhi.

There is an indoor public gallery inside the aviation museum which houses a rich collection memorabilia, historic photographs, uniforms, weapons, ceremonial swords, etc, from Indian Air Force’s inception days in 1932. There is also an outdoor gallery which has war trophies, captured enemy vehicles, radar, etc. There is a souvenir corner.

This air and space museum has got a hangar with small aircraft, vehicles, ordnance, anti-aircraft guns, etc. Larger air crafts are also there; displayed outside the hanger.

Annex section of the Military Aviation Museum contains portraits of Indian air force heroes. There is a statue of Flying officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, the only one to have been awarded the ‘Param Vir Chakra‘ (India’s highest military decoration), for his exemplary courage shown during the Indo Pak War 1971. He shoot down two US built Pakistani Air Force Sabre aircraft fighter planes. There is the photograph of Wing Commander K.K. Majumdar, the only one who was awarded ‘Flying Cross‘ twice.

There is another section in this air and space museum for Second World War heroes of Indian Air force. Marut (HF-24), made by HAL Bangalore, the First Indian made fighter plane, is another attraction of the museum.

There is a separate section inside the Air Force Museum which is not open to public generally. Its open only on Air Force Day; i.e. 8th October. This section contains Vintage Aircraft section with some of the rare air force airplanes in airworthy condition.

How Do I Go To the Air Force Museum?

Indian Air Force museum is situated at Palam, New Delhi. Palam is well connected to all parts of New Delhi and the rest of the country / world.

What are the Timings of Air Force Museum at Delhi?

Air Force Museum or aviation museum at Delhi is open Wednesdays to Sundays, from 10 am to 5 pm. This Air Force Museum of aviation is closed on Government holidays.

There are no charges for entering the Air Force Aerospace Museum at New Delhi.

Patiala State Monorail System at Delhi National Railway Museum

National Railway Museum is focused on heritage of Indian railways and is situated at New Delhi, India. National Rail Museum was established in 1977 on more than 10 acres of land in the heart of the capital city of India.

National Railway Museum, New Delhi
National Railway Museum, New Delhi

National Railway Museum has indoor and outdoor exhibits. You can travel on the toy train inside the Museum. Simulators of Diesel engine, Steam engine and Coach are there in the Railway Museum at New Delhi.

Patiala State Monorail System, built in 1907, is the major attraction among tourists, with its unique single rail track and another big iron-wheel at other side for balancing.

Saloon of Maharaja of Indore, Saloon of Maharaja of Mysore, Saloon of Prince of Wales, Kalka Shimla Rail Bus, Heritage Steam and Diesel locomotives, etc, are also on display at the National Railway Museum in New Delhi.

How Do I Go to National Railway Museum?

National Railway Museum is situated at Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. Race Course and Jor Bagh metro stations on the Delhi Metro railway line are the nearest suburban stations to the National Railway Museum. New Delhi is well connected by rail, road and flight to other parts of the country.

What are the Timings of National Rail Museum?

This train museum at New Delhi is open on Tuesday to Sunday. The heritage museum is closed on Mondays and National Holidays. Timings of the Rail Museum is 10.00 am to 5.00 pm, with last entry allowed at at 4.30 pm.

Birla Mandir and The Birla Family Tree

Birla Mandirs are a group of temples constructed by the Birla family (Birlas) across India. Birla Mandirs exists at New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kurushetra , Shahad, Bhopal, BITS Pilani,Jaipur, Patna, Akola, Varanasi (2 Birla Mandirs at Varanasi), Renukoot, Nagda, Brajrajnagar, Gwalior and Alibaug,

Birla Mandir construction is still going on at some places and the family believes in continuing the work.

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal

Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939

Birla Mandir at Bhopal
Birla Mandir at Bhopal

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal were constructed to fill a void. i.e These cities had no big temples. Delhi temple confirms to Nagara style of architecture, even though it was built using modern technology.

Architecture of Birla Mandirs Other Than Delhi and Bhopal

Most of the other Birla temples are built using marble or sandstone, in either Chandela Style of Architecture or Solanki Style of Architecture, both of which existed in the 10th-12th centuries.

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani campus is made of white marble and is a replica of the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. Gwalior Birla Mandir is a replica of the Konark Sun Temple.

Birla Group of Companies

Birla Mandirs across India are from Birla Family, who owns the Birla Group of companies. Birla family group is one of the leading business groups in India. Birla family members are the descendants of Seth Shobharam. Birlas belong to Pilani, a town in Rajasthan and are Marwari community, a community known for its business skills across India.

Birla Family Tree

Kumar Mangalam Birla, a fourth generation member of the Birla business family, currently heads the business after the demise of his father Aditya Vikram Birla in 1995. Aditya Vikram Birla is the son of Basant Kumar Birla ( Basant Kumar Birla is the grandfather of the current group head, Kumar Mangalam Birla and is currently the chairman of BITS Pilani) and grandson of Ghanshyam Das Birla. Ghanshyam Das Birla is the son of Baldeo Das Birla and grandson of Shiv Narayana Birla. Shiv Narayan Birla is the son of Seth Shobharam and grandson of Seth Bhudharmal.

Red Fort Delhi – Residence of the Mughal Emperors

Red Fort at Delhi was the official Residence of the Mughal Emperors for nearly Two Centuries from mid 16th century to mid 18th century. 1857 Rebellion against the British saw the British winning the rebellion. The British had destroyed two-thirds of the inner structures of the Red fort. Later on, under Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, repairers to the fort walls, gardens and water channels were made. Heritage buildings, Gardens, Palaces, etc, in the red fort museum complex are now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

On the ramparts of Red Fort, the Prime Mister of India hoists national flag each year on Indian Independence day, i.e. on August 15th.

Red Fort, Delhi
Red Fort, Delhi.

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Red fort as the Mughal capital in 1648 and shifted the capital from Red Fort Agra to Red Fort Delhi. It is made of Red sandstone and hence got its name. The Fort is adjacent to Salimgarh Fort, an older fort built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The Palace and other buildings inside the Red fort complex on 254.67 acres of land, are connected by a water channels (called Stream of Paradise), which used to be fed by waters from the the Yamuna river, which was flowing next to the Fort during those days. River Yumuna has changed its course slightly afterwards.

Red Fort was designed by the same designer who designed the Taj Mahal at Agra. The Red fort architecture is considered ultimate Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan. His son and successor, Emperor Aurangzeb, added the Pearl Mosque to the private quarters of the emperor. Persian emperor Nadir Shah has defeated the Mughals in 1739 and looted most of the valuables including the Peacock Throne (which cost twice as much as the cost of construction of Taj Mahal) and world’s most expensive diamond Kohinoor or Koh-i-Noor. Kohinoor Diamond is currently part of Queen Elizabeth II’s Royal Crown.

There is a sound & light show at the fort in the evenings, which describes the Mughal history to the tourists. Most the original structure are damaged now. The extensive water channels with its fragrant waters are dry. Most of its Marble inlaid flowers were looted by invaders. The tea house now houses a restaurant, even though not in original form. Pearl mosque and hamam ( Turkish Bath) are now closed for the public.

Red Fort is one of the must see places to visit in Delhi. Delhi sightseeing would not be complete, without a visit to Red Fort.

Structures Inside the Red Fort Museum or Complex

Major structures inside the UNESCO World Heritage site of Red Fort Museum Complex today are Chawari Bazar, Lahori Gate, Chhatta Chowk, Naubat Khana, Delhi Gate, Water Gate, Diwan-i-Aam,Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal, Nahr-i-Behisht, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Hammam, Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), Hira Mahal, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh & Princes’ Quarters.

How Do I Go to Red Fort, Delhi?

Red Fort at Delhi is situated in the heart of the city and is accessible by road. Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station , a major terminal station in New Delhi, is close to red Fort. New Delhi Railway station is another Major railway station which connects the city with the rest of the country. There is an International airport at New Delhi.

What are The Entry Timings at Red Fort Delhi

The Red Fort is open from 9:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. on all days, except Mondays.

Sound and Light show timings are  from 6 pm on-wards (in English and Hindi). It is charged separately. It costs Rs. 80 for adults and Rs. 30 for children for this show.

How much is the Entry Fees at Red Fort Delhi

There is an entry fee to enter this UNESCO Heriatge site. Red fort Delhi ticket rate is INR 35 for Indian citizens,

Red fort Delhi ticket charges for foreigners is INR 500. Please confirm the rates mentioned above at your end.