Sajjangad Fort

Sajjangad is a historic fort located near Satara, in Maharashtra state, India. Sajjangad means Fort of Good People. This fort is the final resting place of the 17th century Saint Ramdas.

Shivaji Mahadarwaja entrance of Sajjangad
Shivaji Mahadarwaja entrance of Sajjangad

Saint Ramdas was a saint born in 1608. Dasbodh is a famous book written by him which has his teachings. Many people from the state of Maharashtra follows his teachings. Sajjangad has thus emerged as a popular pilgrimage destination.

This palce was known by different names throughout its existence. Asvalayana Rishi lived here and hence it was one of the the earlier names of this historic place. It was also known as Aswalya gad as many Aswals or bears were found here. Bahamani Emperors took control of the fort in between 1347-1527. Adilshah dynasty took control of the fort in between 1527 and 1686. The fort then came under Mughal Emperors. Later on, King Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj took control of the fort. This fort was finally captured by the British in 1818. After the British left India in 1947, the fort came under Indian Goverment.

Samadhi of Sadguru Shri Samarth Ramdas Swami is taken care of by the trust, Ramdas Swami Sansthan; a trust established during Swami’s time itself. Dasbodh , the manuscript written by Sant Ramdas is read here, daily. There are morning prayers and Bhajans at the samadhi. Abhishek, Puja and Maha Naivedya are also offered to the swami.

Ruins of some of the historic buildings can be seen here. Scenic beauty includes a dam and its waters. Thoseghar waterfall, the biggest waterfall in India, is a nearby falls, at around 14 kilometers from the fort.

How Do I Go to Sajjangad?

This Fort is at a distance of 18 kilometers from Satara city. Cabs, auto-rickshaws and buses are available from Satara city. Private or Hired vehicles takes you to the top of the hills. You need to climb a hundred steps or so, to reach the fort.

It is at a distance of around 275 kilometers from Mumbai.

What are the Timings of Sajjangad?

The Fort is is open daily from 5.00 am to 9.00 pm.

Accommodation at Sajjangad?

“Bhakt niwas”, run by the trust Ramdas Swami Sansthanthe, offers free accommodation. There are many hotels at Satara, suiting the budget of every tourist or pilgrim to Sajjangad.


Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, Prince of Wales Museum of Western India

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum is a historic museum situated at Mumbai, India. This museum is officially known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya. Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum was earlier known as Prince of Wales Museum of Western India,

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum
Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum

Prince of Wales Museum of Western India is having 70,000 historic & artistic works. Artifacts alone number around 50,000. Cultural activities, exhibitions, etc, are conducted frequently at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya. The Museum is divided into three sections; Art, Archaeology and Natural History.

Items on display includes sculptures, bronzes, European paintings, Indian miniature paintings, terracotta’s, porcelain and ivories from Japan and China, etc. Excavated artifacts from the Indus Valley Civilization sites or Harappan sites (Harappan period dates back to C.2000- B.C. 1200) are also displayed at Shivaji museum. Besides these, the Museum has a separate Natural History section.

Relics from the period of Chalukyas, Guptas, Mauryas and Rashtrakuta are on display here. Collections of Sir Purushottam Mavji, Sir Ratan Tata and Sir Dorab Tata are also on display here. There is also a Prints gallery, Maritime Heritage Gallery and Forestry section. “Karl and Meherbai Khandalavala collection” and “the Coins of India” are two new galleries added in 2008. “Krishna Gallery” was also added in 2008. It has artworks related to Lord Krishna and Lord Vishnu. A textile gallery was added in 2010.

Prince of Wales Museum of Western India, a Grade I Heritage Building, is one of the finest examples for the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. UNESCO has awarded this building the UNESCO Asia – Pacific Heritage Award in 2010. Indo-Saracenic style of architecture is a combination of Indian Hindu architectural style and Saracen (Muslim) architectural style, along with minor elements from Western style of architecture. The dome of the Museum is styled as that of Golconda Fort and the inner vaulting arches are styled on the lines of Gol Gumbaz.

Prince of Wales Museum was built in Memory of the visit of the Prince of Wales (who later became King George V). The idea of building the museum was by a group of prominent people of Mumbai (Bombay was the name of the city till 1995). The Foundation Stone for the Museum was laid by the Prince of Wales in 11th November, 1905. The museum was built with public contribution and aid from the then Government of the Bombay Presidency. The construction was completed by 1914. It was opened to public on 10th January, 1922.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya has a well laid garden in the front. The garden was previously named Victoria Gardens and is now known as Jijamata Udyaan. Jijamata Udyaan alias Victoria Gardens, still retains its original plan. George Wittet was the architect of the Museum. In 2008, the building area was increased by 30,000 square feet, to accommodate growing demands of the Museum.

How Do I Go to Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum?

Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum or Prince of Wales Museum of Western India is situated at the heart of South Mumbai. It is situated on the Gandhi Road at Fort, Mumbai. It is located opposite to the Byculla railway station, on the Central line of Mumbai Suburban Railway. Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum is located close to ‘India Gate’ or ‘Gateway of India‘.

The Museum is well connected by buses to all parts of the city of Mumbai. Mumbai is well connected by trains to different parts of the country. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji airport, which was previously known as Santa Cruz Airport, is the nearest airport to Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Lion Safari, Safari Trip at Borivali

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is one of the most visited parks in the world, situated along the northern suburbs of the metropolitan city of Mumbai.

A Leopard inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park
A Leopard inside Sanjay Gandhi Park.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park was earlier known as Borivali National Park. This park is spread over an area of 104 square kilometers. Its rich in Flora and Fauna.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park attracts around 2 million visitors, every year. 2400 year old Kanheri caves, on rocky cliffs, are situated within this National park. By paying the vehicle entry fee, you can take your vehicles close to Kanheri Caves. Seven Buddhist caves older than Kanheri caves were discovered recently inside this park. Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake, source of water for the city of Mumbai, are also situated within this national park.

Trimurti or Trimurti Digambar Jain Mandir is a famous Jain temple inside the National park. Three idols of Lord Adinath and his sons, Lord Bahubali alias Lord Gommateshwara and Lord Bharata, are there in this Jain temple.

Lion and Tiger safari is available in the park. Some of the commonly seen national park animals here are Spotted deer or chital, bonnet macaque and rhesus macaque.

Black-naped or Indian hare, porcupine, Asian palm civet, chevrotain (mouse deer), muntjac (barking deer), sambar deer, Hanuman or grey langur, Indian flying-fox, leopard, etc, are some of the wild animals found inside the National park at Borivali.

172 Butterfly species are seen in this park. Reptiles includes crocodiles and snake species like pythons, monitor lizards, Russell’s vipers, bamboo pit vipers, cobras and Ceylonese cat snakes. Moths as large as sparrows, can be seen in this National park.

Flora includes Teak, Kadamba, Karanj, Shisam, etc. Karvi or karvy, a flowering plant which flowers once in seven years is seen inside this park.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Lion Safari

Sanjay Gandhi national park lion safari is very popular among the tourists to this park. 25 lions are there inside the Lion Safari Park .This park is spread over an area of around 12 hectares. Normally, 2 lions can be seen on the Caged Bus Lion safari trip lasting around 20 minutes. Other 23 lions are kept deep inside the forest.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Tiger Safari

There are 6 tigers, including 2
White Indian Tigers
inside the Tiger safari park. Tiger safari park is spread over an area of nearly 20 hectares. The Tiger safari park has lakes, ponds and islands. The area is covered with tall grass for the big cats to roam around. Two watch towers are there inside park. 2,200 meter long protective fencing with a height of 5 meters covers the Tiger park. A total of 4 Tigers can be seen normally. The remaining two tigers are confined to deep forests.

Boating and Toy Train Inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Pedal boats are available for tourists inside the National park. Anyone can hire these boats. Tourists can go for a trip inside the lake from Vanrani, near the start point.

The Toy train on the narrow gauge railway line traverses a few bridges and tunnels and passes along the foothills of the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial and over the Deer Park.

How Do I Go to Sanjay Gandhi National Park alias Borivali National Park?

Borivali Railway Station terminus at Borivali East, on the Western line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network, is the nearest suburban railway station to the entry gate, at around 0.90 kilometers distance.

National Highway 8; i.e. Western Express Highway (25.33 kilometer long arterial road from Andheri to Churchgate); passes through the main gate of the park. Goverment buses connect the park entry gate with other parts of the city.

Goregaon East, where the Wildlife research organization, BNHS India and Mumbai Film City are located, is another entry point to the park. Mulund (Vasant Garden) is the entry point on the Eastern side. Yeoor and Tikuji-Ni-Wadi in Thane are two other entry points to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park.

Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji airport (formerly known as Santa Cruz Airport), is at around 16 kilometers from this wild life sanctuary and national park.

There are many railway stations in Mumbai, which connects this historic metropolitan city with the rest of India. UNESCO World Heritage Site, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station which was formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is a major railway station in Mumbai. Mumbai Central railway station on the Western line and Kanjurmarg railway station on the Central line are two other major railway stations in Mumbai,

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Safari Trip Timings

Sanjay Gandhi National park safari is available in the mornings and afternoons. Each safari trip lasts for 20 minutes or so. Safari trip is open from 9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and from 2.20 p.m. to 5.20 p.m.

Monthly and yearly passes are available for morning walkers. These passes are useful for the Mumbaikars (residents of Mumbai), especially those residing near the periphery of the park’s entry gates. The timings for morning walkers are from 5 a.m. to 7.30 a.m.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Yeotmal alias Yavatmal district, Maharashtra state, India. This wildlife sanctuary is known for its picturesque landscape.

This Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 148.63 square kilometers. The wildlife sanctuary is part of Pandarkawad Forest Division. Patanbori Range and Parwa Range of forests forms the wildlife sanctuary. It is on the northern border of Maharashtra state, adjoining Adilabad district of Telungana state. The sanctuary got is name from ‘Goddess Tipai’, situated near Tipeshwar village, inside the sanctuary.

Tipeshwar Wild Life Sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna. Teak trees forms the majority of vegetation. The sanctuary is also rich in Herbs. Bamboo forests are also seen as undergrowth in teak forests.

Fauna includes endangered endemic spices. 29 mammals species including some of the endangered species like Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Pangolin, Jackal, Four Horned Antelope, etc, are found here. Since Tigers are also seen here, the sanctuary is also called Tipeshwar Tiger reserve.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to 6 endangered reptile species. More than 180 bird species belonging to 46 bird families are found here. 9 species of endangered birds, including the peafowl, are found in this wild life sanctuary.

How Do I Go to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary?

The road access to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is through Pandharkawada. The district headquarters, Yeotmal which is also spelt as Yavatmal, is at around 75 kilometers from the wildlife sanctuary at Tipeshwar.

Tipeshwar Sanctuary is at a distance of around 35 kilometers from Adilabad Railway station, the nearest railway station in nearby Telungana state.

Amravati railway station and Badnera railway station are at around 165 kilometers distance from the wildlife sanctuary.

Nagpur airport is at around 172 kilometers distance from Tipeshwar wild life sanctuary.

Mumbai is at a distance of around 850 kilometers from Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary.

Best Season to visit the Wildlife Sanctuary is April and May.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli Union Territories of Republic of India

Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union territory in Western India, consisting of 2 different geographical entities with the same names.

Silvassa, Capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Silvassa, Capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Nagar Haveli is wedged between Maharashtra state and Gujarat state. Dadra is a smaller area surrounded by Gujarat. Silvassa is the capital city of this Union Territory. Daman Ganga River flows through the union territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli was part of the Portuguese India till 1954. In 1954, residents of Dadra & Nagar Haveli conquered the territory. They requested administrative help from the government of India. An I.A.S. Officer was sent as the administrator, who continued till 1961.

In 1961, Indian military took control of Goa, Daman and Diu; the Portuguese possessions in India. Thereafter, the administrator was temporarily assigned as Prime Mister of Dadra and Nagar Haveli for a single day, to sign an agreement to merge the territory with India. He signed the agreement with Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India. Thus Dadra & Nagar Haveli became part of India, as a Union Territory.

In 1974, a formal treaty was singed by India and Portugal to confirm the sovereignty of India over Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

The union territory of Dadra Nagar Haveli is having an area of 491 square kilometers. Dadra and Nagar Haveli is rich in Flora and fauna. Nearly 40 per cent of the Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is covered by reserved forests. Its a paradise for the wildlife enthusiasts.

How Do I Go to Dadra and Nagar Haveli?

Vapi railway station in Gujarat is at around 18 kilometers distance from Silvassa, the capital city of the Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Mumbai is the nearest city with an International airport, at around 180 kilometers away. Surat is at around 140 kilometers from Dadra and Nagar Haveli. There is a domestic airport at Surat, which is connected to Delhi and Mumbai.