Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, the first bird sanctuary of Kerala state, is situated near Kothamangalam.

Malabar Grey-Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) at Thattekad Bird SanctuaryMalabar Grey-Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) at Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

This Bird Sanctuary is situated in between two branches of River Periyar. It is a small bird sanctuary with an area of just 25 square kilometers. The bird sanctuary is covered mostly by evergreen low-land forests. (Thattekkad means flat forest.)

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is rich in terms of the species of birds found. This Bird Sanctuary is considered as “the richest bird habitat on peninsular India“, by none other than Late Dr. Salim Ali, the great ornithologist. Different species of water birds and forest birds are found in large numbers. This Bird Sanctuary is home to different species of Cuckoos.

How Do I Go to Thattekad Bird Sanctuary?

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is at around 12 kilometers from Kothamangalam town, in Ernakulam district, Kerala state. Kochi or Ernakulam (two nearby twin cites) is at around 55 kilometers from Kothamangalam.

Ernakulam is the nearest city with 2 major railway stations; Ernakulam North alias Ernakulam Town and Ernakulam South alias Ernakulam junction railway stations; which are well connected to the rest of India. Angamaly and Aluva are two other nearby railway stations on the Ernakulam – Salem railway line. The nearest airport is at Nedumbrassery near Angamaly, on the outskirts of Kochi.

Betla National Park in Jharkhand

Betla National Park is situated in Latehar district, Jharkhand, India. Betla National Park is part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. This National Park is part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. This National Park’s name was derived from the first letters of the animals found there; Bison, Elephant, Leopard, Tiger, Axis-axis. This National Park is also a tiger reserve, under Project Tiger scheme to save Royal Bengal tiger endangered species; even though no Tigers were spotted in this park in recent past!

The park is rich in flora and fauna. Lower reaches of the park consists mainly of tropical wet evergreen forests. Moist & dry deciduous forests forms the middle reaches and alpine forests forms the upper reaches. There are a large variety of animals in the park. Elephants and Langurs are seen in plenty. Other animals found in the national park includes Sloth bear, panther, Jackal , wolf, hyena, gaur, chital, sambhar, mouse deer, four-horned antelopes, kakar, small Indian civets, ant eating pangolin, porcupine, nilgai and mongoose. Large variety of birds are also seen in the Betla National Park. Kamaldah lake is famous for its water birds.

Deep inside the forests in Betla National Park, one can see the main sentinel of the 16th century old fort, which was the seat of the Chero Kings. There is one more old fort inside the Betla National Park.

Betla National Park has many Watch towers and ground hides to those interested in watching the beasts of the jungle. Safari animals for elephant ride are there in park. Jeeps, with guides to help the tourists, are also available in the park. November to March is the ideal time to explore the park. Summer months of May and June are the ideal for those interested to explore the wildlife (when vegetation dries up).

How Do I Go to Betla National Park?

Betla National Park can be accessed only from Betla village, which is situated at a distance of 25 kilometers from Daltonganj. Latehar is at a distance of 65 kilometers from Betla village. Ranchi, the capital city of the Jharkhand state, is at around 170 kilometers from Betla village. #betla