Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam National Memorial is situated at Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Pamban Island in Ramanathapuram district, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial was inaugurated by the honorable Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, on the second death anniversary of the great leader, i.e. on 27th July, 2017.


The entrance to the museum resembles¬† “India Gate” at New Delhi and the backside resembles that of Rashtrapati Bhavan (Official residence of the President of India)

The memorial showcases Dr Kalam’s history. Personal belongs of the late leader are also displayed here. Statue of the late President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, playing the musical instrument Veena, was also unveiled by the Prime minister of India, on the same day. There are two other silicon statues of Dr. Kalam, in presidential suit, in sitting and standing postures.

Replica of missiles and rockets with which Dr. Kalam had worked are also on display. Even though photography is strictly prohibited inside the museum building, it is allowed in the outside area, where missiles and rockets are on display.

The dress Dr. Kalam was wearing on the day of his death, along with the chappal (footwear),  lap top computer, the notebook he used to scribble things on his last day, etc, are on display here. Also on display are the his certificates and awards he received, including Bharat Ratna.

Information on APJ Kalam’s life is depicted through the 500 odd portraits, displayed at the memorial. Acrylic paintings numbering around 90, are also on display.

Library, planetarium, auditorium, etc, are planned for the second phase of the Kalam memorial, to be completed in the next 18 months or so.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. He was called as ‘Missile Man of India’. Dr. A.P.J. Kalam ,The Pride Of India, contributed immensely to the defense and missile projects carried out by DRDO (Defense Research & Development Organisation) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). Dr. Kalam worked for both of these organizations, before becoming the president of India.

Built by Defense Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) with which Dr. Kalam was associated as a key scientist, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam National Memorial is located on the land where the late president’s tomb is situated. (Dr. Kalam was buried here at Rameswaram in 2015.)

This monument is one among the latest national monuments in India; other being Shaurya Smarak, National War memorial at Bhopal, inaugurated on 14th October 2016.

How Do I Go to Dr APJ Abdul Kalam National Memorial?

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial is at Rameswaram. Rameswaram is connected to the mainland by Pamban Bridge. There are direct trains to the island from the state capital, Chennai. RMM is the railway station code for Rameswaram. Road connectivity is also available.

The nearest airport to Abdul Kalam National Memorial is at Madurai, at around 169 kilometers distance. Tuticorin airport is at 192 kilometers from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam National Memorial at Rameswaram.

Bibi Ka Maqbara Mausoleum Known as Taj of the Deccan

Bibi Ka Maqbara is the mausoleum of the first wife of sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Bibi Ka Maqbara is situated at Aurangabad in Maharashtra state, India.

Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad.

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara in a mausoleum in memory of Dilras Banu Begum, who was posthumously known as Rabia-ud-Daurani.

Unlike his father. Emperor Aurangzeb never built any monumental structures during his reign, spanning 49 years (from 1658 until his death in 1707). Only exception was Bibi-Ka-Maqbara. Bibi Ka Maqbar was built in 1660, during the reign of Aurangzeb, by his son Prince Azam Shah.

Prince Azam Shah was the eldest son of Aurangzeb and Dilras Banu Begum. Prince Azam Shah was crowned as the Sixth Mughal emperor on his father’s demise. He reigned from 14 March 1707 to 8 June 1707 and was defeated and killed by his elder step-brother, Prince Shah Alam. (Prince Shah Alam was crowned as the seventh Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah I, on 8 June 1707. He reigned for 5 years till his death.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara Tomb resembles the famous Taj Mahal of Agra. This is the largest structure that Aurangzeb built during his lifetime. due to its resemblance to TajMahal, Hence Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is also known as Dakkhani Taj (in Hindi), which means Taj of the Deccan. (Deccan is the name of the region, Deccan Plateau where this structure is located.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara is hexagonal in shape is mostly encased with Jaipur marbles. Its angles are ornamented with minarets.

How Do I Go to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara?

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is located at Aurangabad. Aurangabad is well connected road to other parts of the country. Aurangabad railway station is nearest major railway station. Aurangabad Airport is the nearest airport to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara.