Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is a Tiger reserve in Kanyakumari & Tirunelveli Districts of Tamilnadu, India. Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary and Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary were combined to form Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger reserve in 1988. Agasthiyamalai, the core area of the Tiger reserve, has been proposed as a national park.

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve to save Bengal Tigers
Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is a ‘Project Tiger Reserve’ to save Bengal Tigers.

Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is rich in flora and fauna. 14 rivers and streams originate from these areas. Catchment areas of seven major dams are fed by the forests of this Tiger reserve. Agasthiyamalai forests of Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserves is considered as one of the five centers of biodiversity in India. Around 150 endemic plant species are found here. 273 bird species, 81 reptile species and 77 mammal species are also there in this Tiger Reserve. Kalakad Mundanthurai tiger reserve office is at Papanasam. PIN code of Papanasam is 627551.

Sengaltheri forest, near Kalakkad village in Tirunelveli district is famous for its natural beauty. Sengaltheri forest is part of the Kalakkad Wildlife sanctuary and is gaining popularity among trekking community. You need to get permission from the forest office check post at Kalakkad, by buying the entry tickets from there. This Tiger reserve is the second largest protected area in the state of Tamil Nadu after Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary.

How Do I Go to Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve?

Kalakad Mundanthurai tiger reserve is at a distance of 45 kilometers west of Tirunelveli Town. Tirunelveli Railway station is the nearest major railway station.

Thoothukudi airport (or Tuticorin airport) is the nearest airport to the Tiger reserve. Madurai airport is a nearby comparatively major airport. Thiruvananthapuram and Chennai are the nearest major International airports to Kalakad Mundanthurai tiger reserve, which are well connected to the rest of the world.

Betla National Park in Jharkhand; National Park with its name derived from its Habitats;

Betla National Park is situated in Latehar district, Jharkhand, India. Betla National Park is part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. This National Park is part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. This National Park’s name was derived from the first letters of five animals found there; Bison, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, and Axis-axis (chital or cheetal, an axis deer or spotted deer).

A Monkey in Betla National ParkA Monkey in Betla National Park

This National Park is also a tiger reserve, under Project Tiger scheme to save Royal Bengal tiger endangered species; even though no Tigers were spotted in this park in recent past!

The park is rich in flora and fauna. Lower reaches of the park consists mainly of tropical wet evergreen forests. Moist & dry deciduous forests forms the middle reaches and alpine forests forms the upper reaches. There are a large variety of animals in the park. Elephants and Langurs are seen in plenty. Other animals found in the national park includes Sloth bear, panther, Jackal , wolf, hyena, gaur, chital, sambhar, mouse deer, four-horned antelopes, kakar, small Indian civets, ant eating pangolin, porcupine, nilgai and mongoose. Large variety of birds are also seen in the Betla National Park. Kamaldah lake is famous for its water birds.

Deep inside the forests of Betla National Park, one can see the main sentinel of the 16th century old fort, which was the seat of the Chero Kings. There is one more old fort inside the Betla National Park.

Betla National Park has many Watch towers and ground hides to those interested in watching the beasts of the jungle. Safari animals for elephant ride are there in park. Jeeps, with guides to help the tourists, are also available in the park. November to March is the ideal time to explore the park. Summer months of May and June are the ideal for those interested to explore the wildlife (when vegetation dries up).

How Do I Go to Betla National Park?

Betla National Park can be accessed only from Betla village, which is situated at a distance of 25 kilometers from Daltonganj. Latehar is at a distance of 65 kilometers from Betla village. Ranchi, the capital city of the Jharkhand state, is at around 170 kilometers from Betla village. #betla