Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is protected forests which are part of ‘Anamalai’, spread across Pollachi,Udumalpet, Valparai Taluks of Tirupur and Coimbatore Districts of Tamilnadu state in India. It is named after the former prime minister of India, Late Indira Gandhi, who visited the park in 1961.

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park area was declared as part of Anamalai Wild life Sanctuary in 1974. UNESCO is considering this Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, as a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site status.

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
Nilgiri Langur

Nilgiri Langur, a rare and endangered species of monkey that is endemic to the Western Ghats is found here. It is a leaf-eating monkey and is extremely shy, with a tail almost three feet in length.

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park has Tigers, Elephants, etc. There are many threatened and endangered species of animals in the park area.

How Do I Go to Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary?

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary which is part of Anamalai Wild life Sanctuary & Tiger Reserve, is accessible from nearby cities of Pollachi, Udumalpet, Valparai, etc. Tourists can go for trekking inside the park to explore the wildlife. Van Safari is also there inside the park.

Silent Valley National Park

Silent Valley National Park is spread across Palakkad, Malappuram Districts of Kerala State & Nilagiris District of Tamilnadu, in India. It’s a tropical moist evergreen forest.

Silent Valley National Park
Lion-tailed Macaque
, endemic to the Western Ghats.

Silent Valley is the home to the largest population of Lion-tailed Macaque, an endangered Primitive species. Public outcry over their habitat led to the establishment of the area as Silent Valley Park. In the year 1986, this National Park was declared as the core area of the Nilgiri Biosphere reserve. This has resulted in efforts to promote the Ecosystem of the Valley. This National Park is part of Western Ghats, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Kunti puzha (Kunti River) runs through the entire length of 15 kilometers of the park from north to south and then  into the Bharathapuzha. This valley receives most of the rainfall in Monsoon season, from June to September. During the North West Monsoon season months of October and November, Valley receives moderate rainfall.

Silent Valley is part of Western Ghats and is rich in flora and fauna. 16 bird species has been listed as threatened or restricted. There is an estimated 138 species of birds in this Valley.v

A minimum of 24 species of Mammals are found in the valley including many threatened species. Bats,rats,mice, etc, count to 9 species. There are 730 insects identified in Silent Valley National Park, as per last count.

How Do I Go to Silent Valley National Park?


Entry Passes are available from Mukkali Forest office, Mannarkkad P.O. You need to park your vehicles here and travel in the forest department’s vehicle.  04924-222056 is the contact number.

Permits are not issued after 1 pm. It takes around 5 hours to visit this national park. Accommodation is also available at the forest department’s Inspection Bungalow at Mukkali. You may need to book in advance.

Silent Valley National Park is well connected by road, rail and flight services to other parts of the country.

“Palakkad Junction” is nearest major railway station at around 58 kilometers distance. Kozhikode and Coimbatore airports are the nearest airports to Silent Valley National Park, at around 100 kilometers distance.

Mudumalai National Park

Mudumalai National Park
Forest elephant at Mudumalai National Park (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On the northwestern side of the Nilgriri hills in Nilgiri district of Tamilnadu, India, lies the Mudumalai National Park. It was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2007 by Government of Tamilnadu after giving 1 million Indian Rupees as compensation to 350 families who lived there in the core area of the tiger reserve. Come and see Incredible India at Mudumalai and surrounding states.

Mudumalai wild life sanctuary is home to many wild animals. Several vulnerable species and endangered species are found in Indian wild Life Sanctuaries. Those endangered birds of India found at Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary includes critically endangered species Indian White-Rumped Vulture and long-billed vulture.

Mudumalai National Park is surrounded by many other Indian wild life sanctuaries in nearby states. There are around 48 tigers in the reserve as per last data available. 50 species of fishes and 55 species of mammals which is 39 per cent of Indian mammal population are found in the area.

Mudumalai National Park is rich is flora and fauna and these areas have tropical climatic conditions.

Where is Mudumalai National Park situated?

Mudumalai National Park or Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is on the Otty – Mysore road, on National Highway NH 67, on border  areas of Karnataka.

There are two routes to select while going to Mysore from Ooty.  One goes through Gudallur town which is around 45 kilometers longer than the Masinagudi route. This route starts at around 7 kilometers from Ooty and is safer than the other route. This route is through Pykara lake (near Ooty) and Gudallur town and this road joins the other route at Theppakkadu on NH 67

The second route which starts at around 7 kilometers from Ooty. It  goes through very steep Ghat sections with 36 hairpin bends. This road passes through Masinagudi and joins the first route at Theppakkadu. Then it is NH 67. Only expert drivers should take this route.

Once you cross the bridge on the border of Tamilnadu, the same forests are part of  Bandipur Wildlife sanctuary which is also called Bandipur National Park. Around 8 km from the border is the safari point where you can go for an Elephant Safari in Bandipur National Park.

Where can I stay on a Visit to Mudumalai National Park?

Mudumalai wild life sanctuary and nearby Bandipur Wild Life Sanctuaries are famous weekend getaways for the nearby residents of Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala states. This has resulted in many leading hotels and resorts establishing their properties at both of these wild life sanctuaries. Nijaguna Residency is 3 star hotel at Chamarajanagar near Bandipur. There are many cheap motels and cheap hotels offering rooms for the budget conscious tourists. Many hotels and resorts give discounted hotel rooms in off-peak season.

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
Vedanthangal Lake Bird Sanctuary – View from one of the viewing galleries (a watch tower).

Chennai Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is located on the outskirts of Chennai. Lacks of birds visit the Sanctuary every year and it is a pleasure watching these birds.

It is one of the best and oldest bird sanctuaries in India. It is a water bird sanctuary.  Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary was established in the year 1858 by the order of the then Collector of Chingleput (old name for Chengalpattu). It is declared as a Reserve Forest.

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is home for migratory birds such as pintail, grey wagtail, garganey, blue-winged teal, common sandpiper and many other birds.

One of the main features of Vedanthangal area is that the local villagers are concerned with the migratory birds. They take pains to protect them. They avoid bursting crackers, even during Deepavali – a major festival time, to avoid scaring the birds.

November to March is the ideal time to visit the Sanctuary. Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary is another Bird sanctuary at Nagapattinam district in the the same state.

There is a parking facility just opposite to the main entrance. The outer perimeter of the whole area  is covered by a man made a bund (mud walls) of  around 5 or 6 feet height. One can walk over the pathway on top of the bund (it is around 12 feet wide at the top). Seats  are there to sit, relax and watch birds. There is also a watch tower to watch these birds closely. It is very cool sitting there, even on a hottest summer day!

How do I go to Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary?

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is in between Chennai Tambaram and Chengalpattu in Tamilnadu state, India, en route to Uthiramerur and Vandavasi in Kancheepuram District. The Bird Sanctuary is well connected by roads to nearby towns also. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is around one and a half hour drive from Chennai. Chennai Airport is the nearest airport. Tambaram and  Chengalput are the main nearby railway stations.