Tag Archives: stupa

Kanheri Caves

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Kanheri Caves are a group of One hundred and nine caves have been chiseled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping. Kanheri Caves are located at a distance of 6 kilometers from the main gate of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, to the north of Borivali, on the western outskirts of Mumbai city in Maharashtra state, India.

Kanheri Caves dates back to the period between 1st century BCE and 10th century CE. Kanheri was a well-known Buddhist settlement on the Konkan coast those days. There are 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs inside the caves. There is an unfinished paintings of Buddh inside the ceiling of the Cave number 34.

 Prayer hall with Stupa in cave 03 of Kanheri Caves Prayer hall with Stupa in cave 03 of Kanheri Caves

Each of the Kanheri Caves has a stone plinth for a bed. Most of these caves are Buddhist Viharas with shrine and stupa. These caves were used for meditation, studying and living. When these caves were converted into permanent Buddhist monasteries, the rocks were carved with intricate reliefs of Buddha and Bodhisattvas. There are canals and cisterns that were used to channel the rainwater into huge tanks inside the caves.

How Do I Go to Kanheri Caves?

Kanheri Caves are located at a distance of 7 kilometers from Borivali Station. The caves are situated inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park alias Borivali National Park (former name of the park). It is easily accessible from Mumbai city and lies at the northern tip of Western Mumbai. Borivali is at around 18 kilometers from Mumbai International Airport. BEST Buses,Trains, autos, taxis, etc, are available from anywhere in Mumbai to go to Borivali.

Bhaja Caves

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Bhaja Caves area group of 22 rock-cut Buddhist caves at Bhaja, near Lonavala in Maaharastra state of India. These caves dates back to the 2nd century BC. Bhaja is part of the ancient trade route connecting Arabian sea and the Deccan Plateau.

Bhaja Caves
Bhaja Caves

Bhaja Caves are also known as Bhaje caves. There are a number Buddhist Stupas (stupas are relics of Buddhist monks of those times), numbering 14, in the area. Five Stupas are inside the caves while the remaining 9 are outside the caves . The Bhaja Caves share their architectural design with the Karla Caves. These cave temples at Bhaja are protected as National Monuments by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Wooden Ceiling in Main Chaitygruha at Bhaja Caves
Wooden Ceiling in Main Chaitygruha at Bhaja Caves

Bhaja Cave XII is built in wooden architecture and there is a vaulted horseshoe ceiling. Cave XVIII has a verandah in front with many pillars. The carving in these caves depicts a woman playing tabla ( a very ancient Indian percussion instrument) and another woman, performing dance. There is a waterfall near the last cave.

How Do I Go to Bhaja Caves?

Bhaja Caves are near to Lonavala town in Maaharastra state of India and is easily accessible by road, train, flight, etc. There is a railway station with code LNL at Lonavala. Pune is the nearest MAJOR city with railway station and International airport.

Bir-Billing Ecoturism, Paragliding

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Bir-Billing, 2 nearby village in Kangra district of Himachal Predesh state of India is famous for its Community based Ecotourism, Aero-tourism and Spiritual activities.

Eco-Tourism activities at Bir village and surrounding areas are intended to preserve the ecology of the area and to support the livelihood of local people. Ecotourism Society of Himachal Pradesh, EcoSoC, is a Government supported agency working on this task.

International Paragliding Pre World Cup is held yearly at Bir-Billing for more than a decade. These nearby towns at 14 kilo meters distance, are said to be one of the finest Para Gliding and Aero sports sites in the world. Take off starts at Billing and landing is at Bir.

Bir Paragliding World Cup 2015 is to be held from October 24-31, 2015 at Bir-Billing, at a height of 2290 meters. The capacity of the Bir-Billing Para-gliding site is planned to be increased to 100 simultaneous para gliders from the present 30-40.

Fields and mountains near Bir Tibetan colonyFields and mountains near Bir-Tibetan colony

Bir town is a Buddhist town and is well known for its spiritual and meditation activities. There is also a Buddhist stupa here. Dharamshala, Central Tibetan Administration HQ is at around 50 kilo-meters from this town. Chowgan is the place where a Tibetan colony was established in 1966, on the outskirts of Bir town. There are several Buddhist monasteries at the south-western part of the Town at Chowgan.

How do I go to Bir Hill station and Bir-Billing Paragliding site?

Gaggal airport in Himachal Pradesh is the nearest airport at around 150 kilometers distance. Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI) at Delhi, is at around 550 kilometers distance form this town. Billing is at a distance of 14 kilometers from Bir town on your way to Thamsar Pass..

Ahju, a narrow gauge railway station on the Kangra Valley Railway route (on the 164 kilometer Pathankot – Joginder Nagar Narrow Guage Railway Line) is the nearest railway station to Bir town. “Pathankot Junction” with station code ‘PTK’, is the nearest major railway station, which is well connected to other parts of the country.

There are regular bus services from New Delhi to Baijnath, a town at around 30 kilometers distance from Bir town. You may hire a taxi or go by local buses from Baijnath.

Bir Road, off NH 20 connects Pathankot in Punjab state to Mandi in Himachal Pradesh state and is the nearest National Highway to Bir town.

Tawang Hill Station, Tawang Monastery

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Tawang Hill Station is situated Arunachal Pradesh state of India, at a height of around 10000 feet (3500 meters) above sea level. Tawang was captured by China in 1962 during the India-China war, later on China has withdrawn its troops from Tawang.

Birthplace of the 6th Dalai Lama (Urgelling Gompa) in TawangBirthplace of the 6th Dalai Lama (Urgelling Gompa) in Tawang

Tawang is home to Monpa Tribes, who are Mongoloid descents, believed to be immigrated from Bhutan and Tibet.

Tawang is known for its natural beauty. There are many hot water springs, waterfalls, lakes, etc, in Tawang. Tawang is famous for River rafting in Tawang-Chu and Namjang-Chu rivers. Tawang is also famous for other adventure activities like Paragliding, Rock-climbing, Skating, Winter sport activities, etc. Snowfall occurs during the months of December and January and ice skating is popular during that time.

At 17 kilometers distance from Tawang city, lies the beautiful Pankang Teng Tso Lake (PT Tso lake or PTso Lake). Best time to visit the Lake is from April to October, when it is summer. During winter the lake remains frozen. The lake and its surrounding areas are a wonderful place , with its gushing river waters, Himalayas, colorful birds, colorfull flowers, etc. Jong–nga-tseir Lake is another lake at 42 kilometers from Tawang city, which was formed in 1973 due to a flash flood. The bare trees (without leaves) are a wonderful place for a tourist and photographers.

Bab-Theng – Khang Watrerfall is a beautiful fall at around 80 kilometers distance form the town, on your way to the Famous ‘Gorzam Chorten Stupa’ (or Gorzam Stupa) in Zemithang. “Phong-Phongma waterfall ” or “Jang waterfall” or Nurongneng waterfall”, at Nyamseir, is another beautiful fall at around 40 kilometers from Tawang town.

“Gorzam Chorten Stupa” at Zemithang is at around 92 kilometers from the town of Tawang. This Stupa was constructed by Lama Prathar in 13th Century A.D and stands on a 186 feet base and is 93 feet in height and is modeled after the “Boudhinath stupa” of Nepal.

Sela Pass at 13,714 feet above sea level is a beautiful place on your way to Tawang. The Iron bridge over Tawang – chu river, built during 1420 -1430, is at around 25 kilometers from the town.

There is a war memorial, “Namgyal stupa”, at a distance of one kilo meter from the town, in memory of the 2420 martyrs of India-China war of 1962.

Tawang Monastery

Tawang is home to one of the biggest Buddhist monasteries, Tawang Monastery and is also known as “Galden Namgyal Lhatse”, founded by Mera Lama Lodre Gyasto in the 17th century, as per the wishes of his contemporary, the 5th Lama, Nagwang Lobsang Gyatso. Tawang Monastery has a gold painted statue of Gautam Buddha, having a height of 8 meters. Tawang Monastery is the biggest Buddhist monastery outside of Tibet. The current and 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, when attacked by Chinese military in 1959 March, escaped to India and stayed for a few days at Tawang Monastery, before going to Tezpur in 18th April 1959. Shortly in 1959, Dalmi Lama established the Central Tibetan Administration head-quarters at Mussoorie and later shifted it to Dharamsala in 1960.

The “Parkhang Hall” which houses a library has huge collection of rare hand-written and block-painted manuscripts of many revered books for the Buddhists. ‘Teaching of Lord Buddha’, a 108 gold-embossed manuscripts, is kept here. 225 volumes explaining the teachings of Gautham Buddha are also kept here. These volumes of Buddha’s teachings are specially covered with moth proof silk coverings with paintings. There is a Craft Center which produces colorful woolen carpets.

“Urqelling Monastery” is another Monastery in Tawang, where The only Indian Lama, The 6th Dalai Lama, Urgelling Gompa, was born.

How do I go to Tawang?

Bomdila is the nearest bus station to Tawang at around 180 kilo meters distance. Tezpur airport alias Salonibari Airport with IATA code ‘TEZ’, in the state of Assam is the nearest airport to Tawang, which is connected to the “Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport” (earlier known as “Dum Dum Airport “), Kolkata. “Rangapara Junction” in Assam is the nearest railway station to Tawang.

Entry permits to Tawang

Being a restricted area, tourists (Indians and Foreigners) are required to get Permits to go to Tawang, details of which are available here, at the official website of Tawang district. Indian citizens can apply for the Inner Line Permits online here .