Pushkar is a pilgrim town at average elevation of 510 meters or 1,670 feet above sea level, in Ajmer district, Rajasthan, India. The town is considered as one among the 5 sacred dhams for a Hindu. (Hindi word dham means pilgrimage site)
Pushkar is believed to be one of the oldest existing cities of India. Legend is that the town’s creation is associated with Lord Brahma. The town lies on the shores of the famous Pushkar Lake.
It is believed that Pushkar Lake was formed by the tears of Lord Shiva. The legend is that when Goddess Sati died (the first consort of Lord Shiva), God Shiva cried so much that his tears created two ponds; Pushkar Lake and the Lake at Ketaksha (which literally means ‘raining eyes’) in nearby Pakistan.
Many Hindus believe that visiting Pushkara and taking a dip in the holy waters of the Lake is the last step to attain salvation; after visiting the other 4 holy pilgrim sites. Some Hindus believe that taking the dip here is equivalent to 100 years of meditation.
There are many temples at this town. Many were damaged centuries back and some of these were restored. The most famous among such temples is the Brahma Temple built during the 14th century. Very few Lord Brahma temples exists in the world.
There are around 400 to 500 temples and more than 50 palaces around the lake. Still, the lake appears serene and calm.
How to I Go to the Pilgrimage Town of Pushkar?
Pushkar is located at around 14 kilometers north-west of Ajmer Town, head quarters of Ajmer District. Marwar bus stand to the north of Pushkar is well connected to major cities like Delhi, Jodhpur and Bikaner. Ajmer bus stand is the other major nearby bus stand, which is connected to almost all nearby cities and towns.
Budha Pushkar Halt railway station with station code BPKH, a small station with 2 platforms, is the nearest station to Pushkar town. Ajmer railway station is the nearest major railway station, where almost all trains stop.
The nearest airport, Sanganer Airport at Jaipur, is at around 145 kilometers from Pushkar.
Pushkar Camel Fair
This town is also famous for its annual Camel fair, Pushkar Camel Fair, held in November. The annual trade fair which is also called as Pushkar Festival, is one of the largest livestock fairs (mainly camels) in the world.