Undavalli Caves

Little Known Facts About Undavalli Cave Petroglyphs

Undavalli Caves are a group of  monolithic rock cut cave Hindu temples and monuments. Carvings  and Sculptures of Hindu deities and traditions are the main attraction of the caves, along with a huge Lord Vishnu statue. These caves are situated in Guntur district,  Andhra Pradesh state, India.

Undavalli Caves
Undavalli Caves

You will be spellbound on seeing these magnificent rock-cut architecture, which are among the best ones anywhere in the world.   Dedicated to Lord Narashimha and Anantha Padmanadha, the current petroglyphs are associated with Vishnukundi kings, who reigned between 420-620 A.D.

The largest cave is a four story cave measuring 29 meters long and 16 meters wide. It is the best one among the caves here. It has a sculpture of Lord Vishnu, in a reclining posture, made of a single block of granite.

Indian rock-cut architecture finds one of its best forms, here at this magnificent cave temples. These caves are protected monuments of national importance.

Before these caves were converted into Hindu temples, Buddhist monks used these caves as Buddhist Bhikkhu Monastery. Remains Buddhist artifacts can be seen in some of these caves.

Even before that, these caves were believed to be  Jain cave temples.  These caves resembles the architecture of Udayagiri and Khandgiri rock-cut temples.  The first floor of the four story cave temple still retains the Jain style.  It exhibits Jain monastics.  Tirthankara (Jain savior) sculptures can be seen in this cave.

How Do I Go to Undavalli Caves?

Undavalli  caves route map can be accessed by clicking the above google map.

Undavalli village is situated on the southern banks of Krishna River. It is at around 34 kilometers from the state capital,  Amaravathi. Vijayawada – Amaravati road passes through Undavalli.

The nearest railway station is Vijayawada Junction railway station, at around 11 kilometers away. Railway Station code for this station is BZA.

NTR Amaravati International Airport at Vijayawada is the nearest airport to these magnificent caves.

Vijayawada and Guntur cities are at around 6 and 22 kilometers distance respectively.

Nandi Hills in Karnataka

Nandi Hills alias Nandidurg is a famous hill station situated in Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka state, India.

Nandi HillsSign to Nandi Hills.

Nandi hills is located close to the Nandi town. Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi town is a very ancient temple, construction of which was started in the 9th century by the “Banas” and completed during the “Cholas” in 11th century. “Hoysalas” constructed the marriage hall in the 13th century. Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple is a two-complex temple, with the first complex having the three deities. and the second complex has the huge and majestic “Kalyani pond”. Vijayanagar kings build the walls of the second temple complex. This temple is famous for its stone carvings.

Nandi Hills is popular among trekkers and bikers and is situated at an altitude of 4,851 feet or 1,479 meters above sea level. ‘Tipu’s Drop’ is a famous tourist place on the hills, from where condemned prisoners were thrown to death by Tipu Sultan, the erstwhile ruler of Kingdom of Mysore. Tipu’s Summer Palace and Fort is another historic place on the hills; but its not open to public. ‘Secret Escape Route or passages’ are another places of tourist interest, which were believed to be used by kings to escape during unforeseen attacks. ‘Amruth Sarovar’ is beautiful lake, which interests the tourists to the hills.

Palar and Arkavati rivers originate from the hills.

How Do I Go to Nandi Hills?

NH 7, the longest National highway in India with a length of 2369 kilometers, which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari, is the major road connecting the Hills with the rest of India. Devanahalli Town on NH 7 is at a distance of 20 kilometers from the the Hills.

The Hills are situated at a distance of 10 kilometers from Chickballapur town. Bengaluru, the capital city of Karnataka state, is at a distance of approximately 60 kilometers from Nandi Hills.

Stone Carvings at the UNESCO World Heriatage Site – Khajuraho Temples

Khajuraho temples are the largest group of around 25 medieval temples in Mahdha Pradesh state in India.

Khajuraho temple
Khajuraho temples, India

Khajuraho temples are built between 950 AD and 1150 AD. There are Hindu and Gain temples in Khajuraho. These temples were covered in thick forests and were discovered in the 18th Century by a British soldier. These temples are declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Temples at Khajuraho, India’s unique gift of love to the world, are famous for erotic stone carvings on the main walls. These may have been made to educate the youth. These petroglyphs shows the greatness of Indian art and architecture. These are considered to be the pinnacle of love and passion. These temples wee built during warrior kings of the Chandela Dynasty. Each of the 25 existing temple differs from one another.

Khajuraho temples have a theme; that of women; Celebration of womankind, her myriad moods and facets are well captured in the art work.

‘Kandariya Mahadeo’ dedicated to Lord Shiva is the highest temple with 31 meters in height with exquisite detailed intricate carvings. ‘Chaunsath Yogini’ is oldest temple built in 9th century. Most of the temples are built of sandstone. Interior rooms inside the temples are inter connected. There is enough walking space separating each temple.

Another temple was discovered during excavations at Bija Mandal in Jatkara village, near to Khajuraho, which dates back to 11th century. It is believed that there were 85 temples, out of which only 22 are unearthed till now.

How Do I Go to Khajuraho Temples?

Khajuraho Railway Station is the nearest railway station at 5 kilometers distance from the temple city.

‘U P Sampark Kranti Express’, a long distance Express train, goes to Khajuraho railway station. It is a daily train from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway station at India’s capital city of New Delhi.

Jhansi Railway station is the nearest Major railway station, with code JHS at railway ticket booking site irctc.co.in, with frequent train connectivity to other parts of India, at around 200 kilometers away.

City Airport at Khajuraho is very close to the temples at 2 kilometers away. Khajuraho is well connected by roads to all parts of India.

What are Khajuraho Temples Visiting Timings?

Khajuraho temples are open to visitors from Sunrise to Sunset.

How Much is the Entry Fee?

Entry Fee is INR 10 for Indian citizens, and INR 250 or US $ 5 for foreigners. Entry is free for children up to 15 years of age.

Is There any Good Khajuraho Hotels?

Hotel Chandela (from Taj Group of Hotels), Radisson Hotel, Ramada, The Lalit Temple View, etc, are some of the leading 5 star Khajuraho hotels.