Tag Archives: petroglyph

Kanheri Caves

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Kanheri Caves are a group of One hundred and nine caves have been chiseled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping. Kanheri Caves are located at a distance of 6 kilometers from the main gate of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, to the north of Borivali, on the western outskirts of Mumbai city in Maharashtra state, India.

Kanheri Caves dates back to the period between 1st century BCE and 10th century CE. Kanheri was a well-known Buddhist settlement on the Konkan coast those days. There are 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs inside the caves. There is an unfinished paintings of Buddh inside the ceiling of the Cave number 34.

 Prayer hall with Stupa in cave 03 of Kanheri Caves Prayer hall with Stupa in cave 03 of Kanheri Caves

Each of the Kanheri Caves has a stone plinth for a bed. Most of these caves are Buddhist Viharas with shrine and stupa. These caves were used for meditation, studying and living. When these caves were converted into permanent Buddhist monasteries, the rocks were carved with intricate reliefs of Buddha and Bodhisattvas. There are canals and cisterns that were used to channel the rainwater into huge tanks inside the caves.

How Do I Go to Kanheri Caves?

Kanheri Caves are located at a distance of 7 kilometers from Borivali Station. The caves are situated inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park alias Borivali National Park (former name of the park). It is easily accessible from Mumbai city and lies at the northern tip of Western Mumbai. Borivali is at around 18 kilometers from Mumbai International Airport. BEST Buses,Trains, autos, taxis, etc, are available from anywhere in Mumbai to go to Borivali.

Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, Rock Paintings

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

 Paintings in Rock Shelter 8, Bhimbetka Rock Shelters Paintings in Rock Shelter 8, Bhimbetka Rock Shelters.

Bhimbetka is a UNESCO World Heritage site and the oldest Indian petroglyph archaeological site dating back to the Paleolithic Era, establishing proof of human habitation in the Indian sub-Continent. Paleolithic Era is the period extending from around 2.6 million years back to Pleistocene Period which is around 10,000 BP (Before Present) years. ‘Present’ is taken as 1 January 1950 , when radiocarbon dating technology was available.

Bhimbetka is situated in Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. Some of the rock shelters in the area were dwellings to ‘Homo erectus’ (extinct species of Hominin) for more than 3 lack years ago. There are many rock paintings among the rock shelters of Bhimbetka, which were painted using vegetable colors, and stood the test of time. 30000 year old rock paintings were found in the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka. More than 750 rock shelters were discovered in the region. Bhimbetka is home to world’s oldest stone walls and floors and is among the best petroglyph found anywhere in the world..

Bhimbetka rock shelters are inside the Ratapani wildlife sanctuary and Ratapani Tiger reserve. Bhimbetka is at the southern portion of Vindhya hills and Satpura Range of hills lies south of Bhimbetka Rock Shelters. Mountain ranges of Vindhya and Satpura, the two east-west mountain ranges, divides the Indian sub-continent into North and South India,

How Do I Go to Bhimbetka?

Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh state, is the nearest city to Bhimbetka at around 45 kilometers south-east of Bhopal on the Bhopal – Hoshangabad road. Raja Bhoj Airport at Bhopal is the nearest airport to Bhimbetka Rock Paintings site.

OBAIDULLA GANJ with station code ODG, a small station where a few trains stops, is the closest railway station at around 7 kilometers to Bhimbetka petroglyph painting rocks site. (Few trains from Mumbai, Gujarat and from some other central Indian cities stops here.) Nearest major railway station is the one at Bhopal.

Badami Cave Temples

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Badami Cave TemplesBadami caves

Badami cave temples are a group of ancient temples in the village Badami, in Bagalkot district of Karnataka State of India.

Considered to be of Indian Badami Chalukya rock cut Architecture, Cave temples at Badami were built between the 6th to 7th Centuries carved in out of sandstone hills.

Badami cave temples consist of of 4 caves on a hill cliff. Cave No 1 is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Cave 2 and Cave 3 are dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Cave no 4 is a Jain temple.

All the four Badami caves are simple in style. These temple’s architecture is a mixture of North Indian Nagara and South India Dravida styles. Each cave has its own Varandah (walk way), Hall, Pillars and a small square shrine.

At a distance of 2 kilometers from the town is Badami Fort, which also has a carved temple, which shows excellent petroglyph skills prevalent in those days. The 5th century Agastya-Tirtha Lake located beneath the cave temples is considered holy due to the healing powers of its water. This tank, situated adjacent to the temple, is considered highly sacred. Archaeological Museum is another place of interest at 5 kilometers from the town.

How I Go to Badami Cave Temples

Badami is accessible by road , train, etc. You can book train tickets to Badami Railway station in the official Indian Railway ticket booking web site, irctc.co.in. The station code for Badami is BDM.

Once you are in Badami town, visit to cave temples or fort can be undertaken by walking. It is a small town.

The nearest town Hubli in Karnataka is at 97 kilometers away. The Nearest Airport is at Belgaum.

A word of cation; moneys near the cave snatches your bags, water bottles, eatables, etc.

Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization at Marayur or Marayoor is famous for its natural sandalwood. It is situated in the state of Kerala, India.

Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization Dolmens of Marayoor.

The ancient unique Dolmens and rock paintings found here indicates that civilization of Marayur dates back to 10000 B.C. . It is also proof for the petroglyph skills which existed in the Stone Age Civilization days.

Sandalwood Santalum album forest, Marayoor, KerelaSandalwood Santalum album forest, near Marayoor, Kerela, India.

The Dolmens which belong to the Iron age, caves, rock edicts, engravings tells the history and the rich heritage of Marayoor.  Rock paintings at Attala, in the western Marayor, has more than 90 paintings in rock, most of which are abstract designs, except for a few paintings which depicts humans and animals.  There is a rock painting of a man and a deer in the nearby Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. A new rock painting was recently discovered near to this painting.

Marayur has around 100 species of flowering plants, including medicinal plants. Sandalwood is a  highly aromatic wood, used for scents and perfumes and for herbal medicine. Processing of Sandalwood and the Sandalwood oil is the major local industry. Sandalwood oil, otherwise called Liquid Gold for its high price, is extracted from the roots and the wood of the Sandalwood tree.

How Do I Go to Marayur?

Marayur Town is in Idukki district , Kerala and well connected by roads to other parts of Kerala and the country. Marayur is at 42 kilometers north of Munnar Hills, on the Aluva – Munnar- Udumalpet road, i.e. on the Kerala State Highway 17. Anamalai, the highest peak in southern India, is close to Marayur.

Cochin International airport at 145 kilometers distance and Madurai Airport at 169 kilometers distance are the nearest airports to Marayur.