Simlipal National Park and Simlipal Tiger Reserve

Simlipal National Park is a National Park situated in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha state, India. Simlipal Tiger Reserve and Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve are part of the Simlipal National Park. The National Park got its name from the red silk cotton trees called ‘Semulin’, found inside the park.

Palpala River near lulung in Simlipal National ParkPalpala River near Lulung in Simlipal National Park

Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve consists of three protected areas namely; Similipal Tiger Reserve spread over an area of 2750.00 square kilometers, Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary spread over an area of 191.06 square kilometers and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary spread over an area of 272.75 square kilometers

The National park has a protected area of 845.70 square kilometers. As per the last count, there are 99 Royal Bengal tigers (India’s National animal) and 432 Wild elephants inside the National Park. Indian bison and four horned Antelope (chausingha) are also found here. There is a separate area for orchids inside the National park. The National Park and its surrounding areas has 96 orchid species.

Joranda falls with a height of 181 meters and Barehipani falls with a height of 217 meters are two beautiful falls inside the National Park, which is part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves as approved by UNESCO. Champak flowers fragrance fills the atmosphere here. Sal trees (locally known as Sakhua) are found in Large numbers. Rivers Palpala, Budhabalanga, Salandi, Khairi, etc, originate in this area. 231 Bird species are found in this area and is an ideal location for bird watching. Plant species numbering 1076 are found here. 42 mammal species, 30 reptile species are also found in this Narional Park.

How Do I Go to Simlipal National Park or Simlipal Tiger Reserve?

The entry point to Simlipal National Park and Simlipal Tiger Reserve is from Pithabata check gate. You need to pay the charges here to get the entry permits. Pithabata check gate is situated at a distance of 22 kilometers from Baripada, the district head-quarters. Balasore is at 60 kilometers away from the National Park and Tiger Reserve. Jashipur is another entry point to the Simlipal National park & Simlipal Tiger Reserve, at 95 kilometers away from Baripada, the district head quarters.

Simlipal National Park is at a distance of 200 kilometers from Kolkata, 250 kilometers from Bhubaneswar,

Simlipal National Park Timings

Simlipal National Park is open only From 1st October To 15th June. Entry is allowed from 6 am.

Valmiki National Park Wildlife Sanctuary in Bihar

Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at Betiah in West Champaran district, Bihar, India.

Valmiki Wildlife sanctuary is a ‘Project Tiger Reserve’, to save Royal Bengal Tigers, India’s National Animal, from extinction. The Tiger reserve is called ‘Valmiki Tiger Reserve’ and is part of the Gangetic Plains. Valmiki Tiger reserve is the only Tiger reserve in the state of Bihar.

Valmiki National Park

Valmiki National Park forms the eastern border for the Himalayan Terai landscape. These forests are rich in flora and Fauna. There are more than 250 species of birds in the Valmiki National Park. Valmiki National Park has the biggest grasslands in India.

Bheriyari Watch tower is a must see location, where you can see herds of herbivores, in their natural habitat and is a bird watching site also. Bhikhna Thori is a popular picnic spot at the north-eastern corner of the sanctuary, bordering Nepal. You can also go for Boating or Rafting in Rohua Nala river, a tributary of river Gandak. Sikara is a boating cum bird watching location. Trekking 1.5 kilometers distance through the dense forests to Manor watch tower, to have the view of Manor river and the beautiful snow-clad Himalayan hills, is also popular among the tourists.

Nature Walk accompanied by guides through designated 4 to 5 kilometers route is also available. Tiger Trail trekking in the mornings, accompanied by experts, on the paths traversed by the Bengal tigers, gives you excellent insights into Tigers. Children aged below 15 years are not allowed for these two trekking; Nature walk and Tiger Trail trekking.

Valmiki Ashram, a religiously important place for Hindus, is situated in this National park close to the India-Nepal border. Its the place of Valmiki, the great epic writer who wrote Ramayana. Its the location where Laxman abandoned Sita as per Lord Ram’s commandment. Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush in this Valmiki Ashram.

How do I Go To Valmiki National Park?

Valmiki National Park is at accessible from Betiah village, which is well connected by roads to other parts of Bihar. “Valmiki Nagar Railway Station” is the nearest railway station on the Gorakhpur-Muzaffarpur railway line, via Narkatiaganj. Patna airport is the nearest airport to Valmiki National Park and Wildlife sanctuary. Patna is at around 275 kilometers from the National Park and Tiger Reserve. Muzaffarpur is at 200 kilometrs distance from the wildlife sanctuary. Vaishali, World’s First Republic, is situated at around 140 kilometers from Valmiki National Park and Wildlife sanctuary

Is Accommodation Available Inside Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary?

Yes; There are ten eco-friendly huts with double occupancy beds at 4 places; Two each at Valmikinagar,Naurangia Done, Manguraha and Four Eco-huts at Gobardhana. There is also a tree-hut at Kotraha .

Apart from Eco-huts, there are forest deaprtment Guest houses at Gobardhana, Kotraha, Madanpur, Manguraha,, Manpur and Naurangia Done. Tourists can book those in advance and stay there. There are 4 wooden double bed rooms in a heritage building at Ganauli.