Keoladeo National Park and Bird Sanctuary at Bharatpur

Keoladeo National Park is a wetland national park situated in in Bharatpur, Rajasthan state, India. This national park is spread over an area of 29 square kilometers.

An Indian Sarus Crane at Keoladeo National Park
An Indian Sarus Crane at Keoladeo National Park.

This man-made-managed national park was created around 250 years back, by Maharaja Suraj Mal, King of the princely state of Bharatpur,

Construction of Ajan Bund by the King, at the confluence of river Gambhir and river Banganga, made the area flooded and this become a wetland. The park was declared as a bird sanctuary in 1976 and a national park in 1982. This Park was declared as a World Heritage Site under the world Heritage Convention in 1985.

The reserve forests are locally known as Ghana (means thicket) and hence the park is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park. This park was previously known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.

This National park cum bird sanctuary is among the richest bird areas in the world. Migratory waterfowls are seen here during winter season for breeding. Courtship dance by Indian Sarus, a species of crane bird, can be seen here.[amazon_link asins=’B00O8OKVD0′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’toursitinindi-21′ marketplace=’IN’ link_id=’51e73d1b-37b4-11e8-b1e8-adaee7c3b1a4′]

This national park is rich in flora and fauna. There are 379 floral species, 366 species of birds, 50 fish specie, 13 snakes species, 5 lizards species, 7 species of amphibians and turtles.

26 sites from India finds its place in the Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), as decided at the Ramsar Convention. Keoladeo National Park is one among them.

A Nilgai or blue bull at Keoladeo National Park
A Nilgai or blue bull (the largest Asian antelope) at Keoladeo National Park.

Grazing is banned in this national park, a reserve forest under the state forest act.

How Do I Go to Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park, previously known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary?

Keoladeo National Park alias Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Keoladeo Ghana National Park is situated at around 5 kilometers distance from Bharatpur Junction railway station.

Delhi and Jaipur are the nearest airports at around 180 kilometers distance from Keoladeo National Park .

Madhav National Park in Madhya Pradesh

Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri District, in northwestern Madhya Pradesh state, India. Madhav National Park is named after Madho Rao Scindia. Madho Rao Scindia was the 5th Maharaja of Gwalior, belonging to the Scindian dynasty of the Marathas. He acceded to the throne in 1886 and reigned until his death in 1925.

Madhav National Park
Madhav National Park

Madhav National Park is spread across an area of 354 square kilometers and is home to a variety of wildlife. Sakhya Sagar Lake and Madhav Sagar lake were created by Madho Rao Scindia, the erstwhile Maharaja of Gwalior in 1918 on Manier River. These two lakes are the two major biodiversity support systems in the Madhav National park. Madhav National Park is an important mp tourism destination.

There is a boat club on the shores of Sakhya Sagar lake, which offers the chance to see a large number of migratory birds, especially during the winter season. Maharaja of Gwalior also constructed a large number of boat landing areas, watch towers, picnic shelters, hides, etc, around the lake. “Shooting Box“, a viewing lodge, was also constructed by the Maharaja, which is situated above the Sakhya Sagar lake. In the older days, one could shoot wildlife here.

George Castle, at an altitude of around 484 meters or 1597 feet, is the highest point, which lies deep inside the forest. ‘George Castle’ was built by Gwalior royal family, for tiger shooting by the then British King George V, for an overnight halt here for tiger shooting, when King George V visited India in 1911.

Churanchaj ancient wall paintings is a nearby tourist attraction. Other important nearby tourist places are the Tunda Bharka spring and Bhura-kho spring and watch tower.

Shivpuri city, currently the district headquarters and the erstwhile summer capital of the Scindia rulers, lies close to the Madhav National Park. Shivpuri was the former hunting grounds of the ‘Scindias’ and ‘Mughals‘. Large herds of elephants were captured from here by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Tigers and other animals were also seen in large numbers in the early 20th century. Lord Hardinge is reported to have shot 8 tigers in one day in 1916 at Shivpuri. Lord Minto is supposed to have shot 19 tigers during his trip to this princely state of Gwalior. Tiger population has almost extincted (#endangeredspecies) here, from the second half the last century. Deer, sambar, chausingha or four-horned antelope, Nilgai, blackbuck, leopard, sloth bear, common langur, etc, are some of the animals found at the Madhav National Park.

How do I go to Madhav National Park?

Shivpuri city, off the Agra-Mumbai Highway, is the nearest town to Madhav National Park, at around 10 kilometers distance. Gwalior airport, the nearest airport to the Madhav National Park is at around 130 kilometers distance.

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is situated in Malappuram District of the south Indian state of Kerala. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is spread over a group of islands where the Kadalundi River (KadalundiPuzha) flows into the Arabian Sea.

Kadalundi Bird SanctuaryKadalundi Bird Sanctuary

There are many species or kinds of birds at this Bird Sanctuary. There are around a 100 species of native birds found at Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary with an area of around two square kilometers. Migratory birds numbering around 60 species are also included in this list. There is also a large variety of mussels, fish and crabs in the sanctuary. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary has a hill at a height of around 200 meters above sea level, which provides a superb view of the Arabian sea and the mouth of river Kadalundi.

The ideal months to visit the bird sanctuary at Kadalundi is from November to April, after the Monsoon season. Boat ride (or boat cruise) in the sea coast is offered to tourists by Kerala state Forest Department, to watch sea turtles. Wildlife Sanctuary at Wayanad is a nearby wildlife sanctuary to Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary.

How Do I Go to Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary in Kerala?

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is at a distance of 19 kilometers from Kozhikode alias Calicut.

The nearest railway station to bird sanctuary at Kadalundi is Kadalundi Railway station, with station code “KN”. This is a small railway station and only very few trains stops there. Train No 16859, Chennai Egmore Mangalore Express, is the only long distance train which stops at Kadalundi. The major nearest railway station where all trains stops is the one at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), with station code “CLT”.

The nearest airport to Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is at Karipur (known as Kozhikode International Airport), at a distance of around 23 kilometers from Kozhikode city.

Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary

p>Black Buck Antilope cervicapra at Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary
Black Buck Antilope cervicapra at Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary

Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary is in Churu district of Rajasthan State in India at a distance of around 210 kilometers from Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan state, on the Ratangarh – Sujangarh Highway.

If you are thinking of visiting Rajasthan, a trip to Chhapar is worth considering to know more about India and its Dessert Wildlife and migratory birds.

You can find a large number of Black Buck in Tal Chhapar Wildlife Park.

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is on the border area of the Great Indian Desert. Tal means plain areas. Chhapar is the village name which is part of the sanctuary. Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary is made up of open grasslands with Prosopis and Acacia trees, making the park a tropical forest.

There are very few trees in the park. Many migratory birds pass through this park in September. Harriers is the major migratory bird among them which flies in distinct groups of male, female and immature.

‘Mothiya’, with sweet seeds, is a type of grass seen in this part of the park. Mothiya is the food for black bucks and migratory birds. Local people also eat this seed.

How Do I Go to Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary

Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary- a pair of blackbuck at tal chhapar
A pair of blackbuck at tal chhapar

85 kilometers from the district headquarters of Churu, lies the Tal Chhapar Wildlife Park, on the Nokha to Sujangarh state Highway. Bikaner in Rajasthan is at 132 kilometers distance from the Wildlife Park .

‘Chappar’ is the nearest railway station on the Degana – Churu – Rewari railway line. It is a meter gauge railway line. ‘Sekhawat’ railway station on the broad gauge railway line also serves as a link to Chhapar Park (Tourist Train ‘Palace on wheels‘ stops here). Pink city of Jaipur has the nearest airport to Tal Chhapar Wild life Park.

India’s capital city of New Delhi is at around 350 kilometers from the Chhapar Park.