1857 Revolt & Replica of BIGBEN at Lucknow

Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The historic city is famous for its heritage buildings, haunted structures, etc. The city was the seat of power of Nawabs during 18th and 19th centuries.

Ruins of the British Residency Complex at Lucknow
Ruins of the British Residency Complex at Lucknow, the residence for the British Resident General and site of the 1857 Revolt against the British.

Lucknow city is situated on the north-western banks of Gomti River. From 1350, this historic city was under the control of Nawabs of the Delhi Sultanate. From 1394 to 1478, Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur captured this city. Mughals made it part of their sultanate in around 1555. Later on, it came under the control of Nawabs of Awadh.

In 1856, the city was taken over by the British East India Company and transferred to British administration in the following year. This city was a major city during the 1857 revolt against the British.

After Lucknow was made the capital by Nawabs of Awadh, the Nawabs came to be known as Nawabs of Lucknow. Nawabs were semi-autonomous Muslim rulers for the princely states under the Mughal Emperors.

Bara Imambara (large Imambara) is a massive imambara (hall for Muslim Shia commemoration ceremonies), built in 1784 by the Nawab of Awadh. It is also called Asafi Imambara. This historic mosque is the grandest building and main tourist attraction in the city. Chota Imambara is another tourist attraction here. It was build by the same Nawab, Muhammad Ali Shah in 1838, as the mausoleum for himself and his mother.

Rumi darwaza at Lucknow
Rumi darwaza at Lucknow.

Rumi Darwaza is a 60 feet high Gateway in Lucknow, built in 1784 by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh. It is also called Turkish Gate, as it was modeled  after the Sublime Porte or Ottoman Porte or High Porte (Bab-iHümayun) in Istanbul, Turkey. It is situated next to Asafi Imambara or Bara Imambara.

The Remains of Residency Complex or the Residency or the British Residency, at Lucknow is another tourist attraction. It was the site of the 1857 Revolt against the British by the Indians. Located near the High Court Building, this historic place witnessed “Siege of Lucknow”, a Revolution called Indian Revolution of 1857 by Indians against the British. Cannon shots on the building walls can still be seen.

Husainabad Clock Tower, a replica of BIGBEN clock tower of London and the tallest clock tower in India, is situated at this city. It was constructed by Nawab Nasir-ud-din in 1881.

Hazratganj is the main shopping area in the city. Its also a tourist destination. There are many other historic buildings in the city.

There are many haunted structures at this historic place, OEL House, Sikandar Bagh, Railway Quarters, Balrampur Hospital, Nirala Nagar, etc, are to name a few among these.

How Do I Go to Lucknow?

This city is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. There are 14 railway stations in the city. Lucknow Railway Station at Charbagh and neighboring Lucknow Junction railway station are the two major railway stations here. There is also an international airport at the city.

Bibi Ka Maqbara Mausoleum Known as Taj of the Deccan

Bibi Ka Maqbara is the mausoleum of the first wife of sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Bibi Ka Maqbara is situated at Aurangabad in Maharashtra state, India.

Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad.

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara in a mausoleum in memory of Dilras Banu Begum, who was posthumously known as Rabia-ud-Daurani.

Unlike his father. Emperor Aurangzeb never built any monumental structures during his reign, spanning 49 years (from 1658 until his death in 1707). Only exception was Bibi-Ka-Maqbara. Bibi Ka Maqbar was built in 1660, during the reign of Aurangzeb, by his son Prince Azam Shah.

Prince Azam Shah was the eldest son of Aurangzeb and Dilras Banu Begum. Prince Azam Shah was crowned as the Sixth Mughal emperor on his father’s demise. He reigned from 14 March 1707 to 8 June 1707 and was defeated and killed by his elder step-brother, Prince Shah Alam. (Prince Shah Alam was crowned as the seventh Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah I, on 8 June 1707. He reigned for 5 years till his death.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara Tomb resembles the famous Taj Mahal of Agra. This is the largest structure that Aurangzeb built during his lifetime. due to its resemblance to TajMahal, Hence Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is also known as Dakkhani Taj (in Hindi), which means Taj of the Deccan. (Deccan is the name of the region, Deccan Plateau where this structure is located.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara is hexagonal in shape is mostly encased with Jaipur marbles. Its angles are ornamented with minarets.

How Do I Go to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara?

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is located at Aurangabad. Aurangabad is well connected road to other parts of the country. Aurangabad railway station is nearest major railway station. Aurangabad Airport is the nearest airport to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara.

Jaswant Thada – Royal Mausoleum at Jodhpur

Jaswant Thada is a mausoleum in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Jaswant Thada is located at Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

Jaswant Thada
Jaswant Thada, a mausoleum at Jodhpur,

The mausoleum is built with intricately carved thin polished marble sheets. When sunlight falls on the marble, the marble glows which makes any tourist spellbound.

Jaswant Thada was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh, a Jodhpur King in 1899, in memory of his father, Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Portraits of Jodhpur’s rulers, Marwar Dynasty rulers, are displayed at Jaswant Thada.

There is a pavilion structure also in the complex, Other than the main cenotaph, there are 3 more cenotaphs in the same complex. The mausoleum is the Marwar royal family’s cremation ground.

There is a small lake next to the Jaswant Thada in the same complex. You can see many birds here in the lake and its surroundings.

Jaswant Thada is situated very close to the Jodhpur Mehrangarh Fort complex. Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park is a nearby park, spread over 72 hectares of land and was built in 2006.

How Do I Go to Jaswant Thada?

Jaswant Thada or ‘Taj Mahal of Jodhpur’ as its known locally, is situated close to the heart of Jodhpur city. You can hire a taxi and get dropped at the entrance. If you do not mind walking the steep hills, it takes around 25 to 30 minutes of walking.

Jodhpur Junction railway station is a major railway at the city. Jodhpur Airport is the nearest airport to the Jaswant Thada Mausoleum.

Jaswant Thada is open from 9 am to 5 pm.