12th Century Intricately Carved Brahma Temple at Goa

Brahma Temple is one of the oldest temples in Goa with an intricately carved 12th century Brahma idol as the main deity.

Brahma Temple or Brahma Karmali Temple as is known officially, has the deity of Lord Brahma, the supreme creator of the holy trinity as per Hindu belief. The deity belongs to 12th century, Kadamba Dynasty period. The Kadambas were good at art, architecture, etc. The deity Brahma is shown in the form of “Trimurti” (combination of three); Trinity of Lord Brahma the creator, Lord Vishnu the preserver and Lord Shiva the destroyer or transformer.

During the Portuguese invasion and subsequent rule of Goa around five centuries back, the idol was taken out of the original temple at Karmali alias Carambolim village in the island of Tiswadi. The idol was later installed at Sattari and then at Valpoi and finally at a small shrine at Nagargaon, on the banks of a stream in a dense forest.

Brahma temple is Goa’s most famous temple.

How Do I Go to Brahma Temple?

Brahma temple is located at the Nagargao village, at around 7 kilometers from Valpoi, the headquarters of the Sattari Taluk in Goa. The temple is at around 60 kilometers from Panaji, the capital of Goa state.

Goa is well connected by all modes of transport. There is an international airport and a major railway station at Goa. Goa is connected by roads to other parts of the country.

Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park in Goa

Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park is situated in Sanguem taluk, Goa and is spread over an area of 240 square kilometers. The park shares its eastern border with Karnataka state.

Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park is divded into two parts as National Highway Number 4A passes through the park. Mormugao – Londa railway line passes through the park area. Dudhsagar Falls, 4 tiered cascading waterfalls, is inside this park. Many temples built during the Kadamba Dynasty are seen inside Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary.

Originally known as Mollem Game Sanctuary, it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1969. Later on, in 1978, a portion of the wildlife sanctuary was declared as Mollem National Park and name was changed to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park.

Tambdi falls inside Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park
Tambdi falls inside the Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary has several perennial water sources. Goa depends on the Mahadayi river for 60 % its water needs. which originates in the border areas of Karnataka and Goa. Tambdi Waterfall is a beautiful fall slightly shorter than the magnificent Dudhsagar Falls is also inside the sanctuary. Tambdi falls is difficult to access as it requires climbing steep rocky path.

Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary is very rich in flora and fauna with 722 species of flowering plants. 128 species of endemic plants, endemic to either Western Ghats or to India are seen in this sanctuary. An additional 37 species of Pteridophytes (plants which neither flowers nor have seeds; but reproduce and disperse via spores) are also found in this National Park. Many Mammals, Butterflies, birds and Reptiles are also seen in this park and is home to pristine vegetation like West Coast tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests.

Dhangar, a tribal community of nomadic buffalo herders (mainly seen in Maharastra and Goa), lives in this park.

How Do I Go to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park?

Molem is the nearest town to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park at around 57 kilometers distance from Panaji, capital of Goa state, India.