How About Going Back in History to 3700 BCE To Harappan Period Indus Valley Civilization Archaeological Site at Lothal?

Lothal is the site of ancient Indus valley civilization dating back to the Harappan Period, 3700 BCE. Lothal is a treasure chest of relics that has helped in revealing numerous insights about the Indus Valley Civilization. It is situated in Gujrat state, India.

Ancient Archaeological site at Lothal
Ancient Archaeological site at Lothal

This historic site was discovered in 1954. Excavation started from 13 February 1955 and lasted till 19 May 1960, under  Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Excavation was resumed in 1961. The site has been nominated to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site; application is still pending.

Lothal’s dock is the World’s earliest known dock. This dock was used to connect Lothal to an ancient course of Sabarmati river. A township and  marketplace has also been found underneath here.

The tools and techniques found here shows that beads, gems and other ornaments were made in this region.  Metallurgy and bead-making techniques of those days have stood the test of time for over 4000 years. These products were in demand in West Asia and Africa, with which this area had trade link, even those days.

The archaeological site at Lothal has proved that, washroom drainage system existed in those days.

Archaeological Museum at Lothal

There is an archaeological museum at Lothal adjacent to the Archaeological Site, which has Indus-era antiquities on display. The archaeological museum shows various artifacts like utensils, seals, jewellery and so on, that shows how people  lived those days.

Pottery from Lothal Archaeological site
Pottery from Lothal Archaeological site

There are three galleries in the museum. The front gallery shows introductory write-ups and map of the site along with an artist’s projection of Lothal. To the left of the front gallery,  on display are  beads,replicas of seal, terracotta ornaments, copper and bronze objects. shell and ivory objects,  tools and potteries received during excavation. To the right of the front gallery, on display are animal and human figurines, objects recovered from burials and ritual objects, game objects, weights, painted potteries, miniature potteries, bricks, etc. There is also a replica of a joint burial ground and a scaled down model of Lothal site. 800 objects out of the total of 5089 objects unearthed are on display in this museum.

There is also a reference library and a small publication counter, which sells publications on the Archaeological Monuments.

How Do I Go to Lothal, Harappan Period Archaeological Site?

Bagodara  is the nearest major city at around 19.2 kilometers distance. Dholka is at around 43.7 kilometers distance. Lothal is well connected by roads to all these cities.

Ahmedabad is the nearest major railway station to Lothal, at around 78 kilometers distance.  There is an international airport also at Ahmedbad. (Technically, Lothal Bhurkhi railway station is the nearest railway station at around six kilometers distance,  on the Ahmedabad-Bhavnagar line. You need to have super natural powers to get down here, as there are no platforms at this station!)

Bhavnagar is at around 97 kilometers distance. Vadodara is at around 143 kilometers away. Rajkot is  at around 174 kilometers.

Harminder Sahib in Punjab

Punjab’s Cuisine, Culture & History

Punjab is a north Indian state sharing its borders with Pakistan. Its culture and hospitality is unique and Punjabi’s carry this wherever they go. You get one of the best Indian food in this state. Punjab’s Cuisine, Culture and History needs to be experienced, at least once, in your lifetime.

Punjab's Cuisine, Culture, History
A photo of Harminder Sahib (The Golden Temple) and the surrounding Sarovar (Sacred Pool).

A Punjabi sees a Guest as a representative of God! Each village have separate place to receive guests and provide them with Pubjabi food.

Punjabi Dhabas are famous eateries serving hot delicious Punjabi food dishes. A Dhaba normally serves traditional food. Punjab is known for its mouth watering local foods. Dhabas can be seen in India and Pakistan, which are owned by Punjabis. Dhabas are typically open 24/7.

Punjab is the land of Warriors, the land of battlefield and the land of Gurus; a land that is mystique! A land with a long history of Culture.

Punjab literally means ‘land of five rivers’. It’s fertile lands feeds millions across India. One of the most hard working, industrious and agricultural workforce is seen here.

The ancient Indus Valley Civilization dating back to 5000 years back, tells the history of the state. Punjab is the home of Sikh religion. The Punjabi shrines, temples, etc, tells the magnificence of Sikh architecture. Amritsar Golden temple is the epitome of Sikh architecture.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Memorial in Punjab

Jallianwala Bagh memorial
Jallianwala Bagh memorial at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre site.

Jallianwala Bagh, a public garden at Amritsar established after Indian independence, to commemorate the ‘Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’ of 1919, is of prime national importance.

Waugh Border Ceremony or Beating Retreat Border Ceremony at Punjab Border

The evening flag lowering ceremony at the India-Pakistan International Border
The evening flag lowering ceremony at the India-Pakistan International Border near Wagah.

The Wagah border with Pakistan, the only road border crossing between India and Pakistan, is in Punjab. This border village serves as a link between India and Pakistan.

There is a ceremonial function at the border gate before sunset each day called ‘Waugh border ceremony‘. It is a daily event conducted by the security forces of  India and Pakistan. The border gates are opened and one soldier from each country stands at ‘attention’ on each side of the gate. Then a perfectly coordinated lowering of the two nation’s flags are conducted. The flags are folded and each soldier shake hands with the other. Then the border gates are closed. It is called ‘beating retreat border ceremony‘ in international parlance. It is a practice followed since 1959.

How Do I Go to Punjab?

Punjab is situated very close to the capital city of India, New Delhi. Its well connected by road, train and flights.