Jaisalmer Fort in Thar Desert on the Silk Road and Indo Park War 1971

Jaisalmer Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan state, India. Jaisalmer Fort was built by the Rajput ruler, Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD. This fort is a fully preserved fort and is one among the largest such forts in the World.

Evening View of Jaisalmer Fort
Evening View of Jaisalmer Fort.

Situated on Trikuta Hills, this magnificent fort has the Great Thar Desert as its backdrop. The Silk road or Silk Route, an ancient trade route between East and the West, passes through this fortified city. In olden days, Caravans and travelers of Silk route, used the ramparts of the fort as their way-station.

The fort has 3 layers of walls. the outer layer is made of solid stone. The second and third walls were used by the Rajput to trap enemies and pour boiled water or to throw massive rock blocks on them! There are 99 bastions for the fort.

The Fort covers a length of 1,500 feet or 460 meters. It has a width of 750 feet or 230 meters. The yellow sandstone walls of this massive fort turns yellowish (golden color) in the evenings. Hence the fort is also known as Sonar Quila or Golden Fort. Jaisalmer fort has 4 entrances to the city.

The fort was controlled mainly by Rajputs in the first four centuries after in was built, except for 9 years in the 13th century, when Ala-ud-din Khilji took control of the fort. Mughals took control of the fort in the 15th century. In 1762, Maharawal Mulraj took control of the fort from the Mughals. He signed a treaty with the British which allowed him to control the Jaisalmer Fort and also provided protection from invasion. Jaisalmer has lost its prominence after India got its Independence and the silk route was closed.

The fort faces threat from increasing population pressure, mainly the descendants of the workforce of the rulers of Jaisalmer, who were given permission to stay inside the fort city. Some of the structures like Queen’s Palace and walls were collapsed as a result of this.

During the Indo Pak War 1971, the fort was home to the entire population of Jaisalmer town, due to the strategic advantage of the fort to protect it from enemies.

Chandraprabhu Jain Temple is temple inside the fort dedicated to the Jain prophet Chandraprabhu. This Jain temple is known for its carvings, murals and facades.

How Do I Go To Jaisalmer Fort?

Jaisalmer town is well connected by roads to all parts of the country. Jaisalmer is at a distance of 575 kilometers to the west of Jaipur, the capital city. Jaisalmer railway station is the nearest railway station to Jaisalmer Fort. Jaisalmer Airport is located at around 17 kilometers distance from the fort city of Jaisalmer.

Air Force Museum or Aviation Museum at Delhi

Air Force Museum is the museum of the Indian Air Force, situated at Palam Air Force Station in New Delhi. Its one among the two Military Aviation Museums in India.

Entrance to Air Force Museum, Palam, New Delhi
Entrance to Air Force Museum at Palam, New Delhi.

There is an indoor public gallery inside the aviation museum which houses a rich collection memorabilia, historic photographs, uniforms, weapons, ceremonial swords, etc, from Indian Air Force’s inception days in 1932. There is also an outdoor gallery which has war trophies, captured enemy vehicles, radar, etc. There is a souvenir corner.

This air and space museum has got a hangar with small aircraft, vehicles, ordnance, anti-aircraft guns, etc. Larger air crafts are also there; displayed outside the hanger.

Annex section of the Military Aviation Museum contains portraits of Indian air force heroes. There is a statue of Flying officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, the only one to have been awarded the ‘Param Vir Chakra‘ (India’s highest military decoration), for his exemplary courage shown during the Indo Pak War 1971. He shoot down two US built Pakistani Air Force Sabre aircraft fighter planes. There is the photograph of Wing Commander K.K. Majumdar, the only one who was awarded ‘Flying Cross‘ twice.

There is another section in this air and space museum for Second World War heroes of Indian Air force. Marut (HF-24), made by HAL Bangalore, the First Indian made fighter plane, is another attraction of the museum.

There is a separate section inside the Air Force Museum which is not open to public generally. Its open only on Air Force Day; i.e. 8th October. This section contains Vintage Aircraft section with some of the rare air force airplanes in airworthy condition.

How Do I Go To the Air Force Museum?

Indian Air Force museum is situated at Palam, New Delhi. Palam is well connected to all parts of New Delhi and the rest of the country / world.

What are the Timings of Air Force Museum at Delhi?

Air Force Museum or aviation museum at Delhi is open Wednesdays to Sundays, from 10 am to 5 pm. This Air Force Museum of aviation is closed on Government holidays.

There are no charges for entering the Air Force Aerospace Museum at New Delhi.

Kurusura Submarine Museum

Kurusura Submarine Museum at Visakhapatnam

Submarine Museum at Visakhapatnam, in Andhra Pradesh, India is one of its kind in South Asia. The Museum is set up on the decommissioned Indian Navy Submarine, INS Kurusura. Hence the Museum is also called Kurusura Submarine Museum.

Kurusura Submarine Museum at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Kurusura Submarine Museum at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

The submarine ship, including its weapons, were hauled to the Bay of Bengal sea shore and mounted on a concrete platform at Gajapathi Raju Marg on the Ramakrishna Beach Road. The Museum was opened to public in 2002.

INS Kursura was commissioned in 1969 at Soviet Union. After 31 years of service, INS Kursura, an India Pakistan war participant, was decommissioned in 2001. INS Kursura was India’s fourth submarine.

There are six guides and one curator, who are ex-Navy staff, who will explain the Submarine’s history and activates to the visitors to the Museum. INS Kursura participated in the Indo Pak War 1971. The Museum is a must-see museum for any visitor to this port city of Visakhapatnam. The submarine is still getting “Dressing Ship” honor from Indian Navy, which is normally awarded to active ships only.

How Do I Go To Kurusura Submarine Museum?

Kurusura Submarine Museum is located at Gajapathi Raju Marg on the Ramakrishna Beach Road, near the beach at Visakhapatnam. The city is well connected by road, rail and air connectivity to other parts of the country. Visakhapatnam railway station is the nearest railway station to INS Kurusura Submarine Museum. Visakhapatnam International Airport is the nearest airport.

What are the Timings of Kurusura Submarine Museum?

The Submarine Museum is open from 4.00 PM to 8.00 PM, on all days except Mondays. On Sundays and public holidays, the museum is open from 11.00 AM to 1.30 PM.