Vellore Fort, Historical Places, Historical Monuments

Vellore Fort is a situated in heart of Vellore city in Tamilnadu state. This fort was constructed by Vijayanagara kings, during the 16th century.

Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort, Tamilnadu

This fort is considered as one of the best military architecture in Southern India. The fort is known for its grand ramparts and wide moats. This magnificent fort is spread over 133 acres of land in 0.54 square kilometers. It is situated at an altitude of 220 meters, i.e. 720 feet. It is believed that there existed an escape tunnel of 12 kilometers long, connecting this fort with Virinjipuram.

This fort is unique in that it houses 3 religious places of worship. Aa temple, mosque and a church exists inside the fort. Jalakandeswarar temple, a mosque and St. John’s Church are the historical places to visit, all situated inside the fort.

This Fort once served as the headquarters of Aravidu Dynasty (of Vijayanagara Empire). This fort is one among the leading historical places in India, during 16th to 20th centuries. The fort changed hands to Bijapur sultans, Marathas, Carnatic Nawabs and finally to The British, before Indian Independence. Archaeological Department of the Indian Government now maintains the fort.

The British has held Tipu Sultan‘s family and Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (the last king of Sri Lanka), as prisoners in this fort. Sriranga Raya of Vijayanagara royal family was massacred in this fort. This fort is where the first significant military rebellion against The British, Vellore Mutiny, erupted in 1806.

How Do I Go to Vellore Fort?

One among the leading historical monuments in India, Vellore Fort, is easily accessible by road and train. Its at the heart of the town and cabs can take you to the fort entrance. Katpadi Junction railway station is the nearest railway station to Vellore fort, at around 7.2 kilometers distance.

Vellore Airport does not offer passenger transport. Chennai airport is the nearest airport at 140 kilometers distance. Bengaluru airport is at around 215 kilometers from Vellore.

Mirzapur Known for Historical Places, Fort and Temples

Mirzapur is a city famous for brass-ware, carpets, clay pots, toys, etc, in Uttar Pradesh state, India. Its also famous for the holy shrines Vindhyachal, Ashtbhuja & KaliKhoh and historical places like Chunnar Fort.

Mirzapur view from River Ganges.
Mirzapur view from River Ganges.

Vindhyavasini Devi Temple is a famous and revered ‘Shakti Peethas‘ in India. Vindhyavasini temple is dedicated to Devi Amba or Durga. the temple is situated at around 8 kilometers from the city, on the banks of the holy river Ganges.

Ashtabhuji Devi Temple is inside a cave and is situated close to the Vindhyavasini Devi Temple. The temple is dedicated to Ashtabhuji Devi, exemplification of Goddess Parvati.

Kalikoh Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali and is located on the Vindhya mountain ranges. The temple is situated amidst scenic beauty of the Vindhyas.

Wyndham Falls is one of the most visited tourist places in Mirzapur. The fall waters flows down the step-like rocks and is a beautiful sight. The valley view from here is magnificent. There is a children’s park and a small zoo nearby.

Chunar Fort is an ancient historic fort, on the banks of river Ganges. Chunar town and the Chunar fort are two important and historical places in India. Chunar fort’s history dates back to 56 BC. There is a British cemetery near the fort.

Chunar town is situated below the fort. Chunar railway station is the nearest railway station to these two historic places. The Chunnar fort is situated at around 32 kilometers from Mirzapur. Varanasi is at around 23 kilometers distance from the fort.

Ghanta Ghar (Hindi word), meaning Clock Tower is situated on the Mirzapur corporation premises. Even though the clock is non-functional now, this vintage 1891 clock has a massive 1000 kilogram alloy bell!

Ojhala Bridge constructed in 1772, a heritage structure, connects Mirzapur with Vindhyachal. Minarets and ramparts of this fort like bridge on either sides are exemplary example of the architecture prevalent those days.

Devararahi Mandir and Devararahi Ashram are also situated in this town.

Known for the valleys, forts, waterfalls, temples and the holy river Ganges, this city is a nature lover’s paradise.

How Do I Go to Mirzapur?

Mirzapur is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Mirzapur railway station is a major station in the state. Varanasi Airport is the nearest airport to Mirzapur, at around 45 kilometers away. Allahabad airport is at around 75 kilometers distance from Mirzapur.

Historic Deeg Battle at Deeg Palace and Deeg Fort

Deeg Palace is the luxurious summer place of the erstwhile rulers of the princely state of Bharatpur. This historic Palace is at around 32 kilometers away from Bharatpur, Rajasthan.

Deeg Palace or Jal Mahal or Water Palace at Deeg in Rajasthan
Deeg Palace or Jal Mahal or Water Palace at Deeg in Rajasthan.

Deeg Palace was constructed by the Jat King Badan Singh, who reigned from 1722 to 21st May 1755. He is the founder of the princely state of Bharatpur, As Deeg is situated close to Agra, the capital of Mughal emperors, the palace faced repeated attacks by invaders. Prince Suraj Mal, the son of the King, started construction of a massive fort with moat around the palace in 1730. Later-on, the prince was crowned as the king, on his father’s demise. He was known as Maharaja Suraj Mal who reigned from 1755 to 1763 AD.

Deeg Palace complex has many other prominent buildings. Other than the Deeg Palace and Deeg Fort, some of the other structures in the Deep Palace complex are Gopal Bhavan, Suraj Bhavan, Keshav Bhawan. The different buildings in the complex are interlinked with Persian style gardens and water gardens.

Deeg is one among the most historical places. It was the site of the legendary battle between Maharaja Suraj Mal and the combined Mughal and Maratha army. Maharaja Suraj Mal won that historic battle. He captured the Mughal capital of Delhi in 1753. (This happened after the Mughals and Marathas were weakened, after the death of the mighty Mughal emperors like Shah Jahan and his son Aurangzeb and Maratha emperors like Chhatrapati Shivaji and his son Sambhaji.) Maharaja Suraj Mal’s men plundered ‘Red Fort‘, the seat of power of the Mughals. They looted all valuables including entire marbles and reconstructed the palace at Deeg.

In September every year, there is a three day fair held in the palace complex.

Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park,which was previously known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in the same district.

How Do I Go to Deeg Palace?

Deeg Palace is at around 32 kilometers away from the Bharatpur city, the headquarters of the district with the same name. Deeg is well connected to nearby cities like Agra, Alwar, Mathura and Bharatpur.

Alwar is at around 73 kilometers away. Agra is at around 92 kilometers distance. Mathura is at around 36 kilometers from Deeg.

Deeg railway station on the Alwar-Mathura line, is the nearest railway station. This line has only very few trains. Mathura Junction railway station is the nearest major railway station at around 36 kilometers distance from Deeg Palace.

Deeg Palace opens at 9 am and closes at 5 pm. The Palace is closed on Fridays.

Chausath Yogini Temple

Chausath Yogini Temple is an ancient Lord Shiva temple believed to be constructed in 1323 AD, situated at Morena district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. This temple is also known as Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple.

Chausath Yogini Temple
Chausath Yogini Temple alias Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple.

Chausath Yogini temple was built by the Kachchhapaghata king Devapala (1055-1075 CE). The temple has 64 chambers and an open mandapam (hall) in the center. The chambers and the hall are separated by a circular courtyard. 100 steps leads to the entrance of the temple. The central hall or shrine has slab coverings with perforations, so that rain water drains to a large underground storage area. the pipe lines from the roof top are also connected to this area.

Chausath Yogini Temple is situated on top of a small hill, which is around 100 feet in height.

Its believed that the Indian Parliament’s architecture is inspired from the Chausath Yogini Temple.

Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple is believed to be used for providing education in the fields of astrology and mathematics; based on the movement of Sun.

How Do I Go to Chausath Yogini Temple alias Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple?

The temple situated at Mitaoli village (also spelled as Mitawali or Mitavali) and is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Morena railway station is the nearest railway station to Chausath Yogini Temple. The nearest airport, Gwalior airport, is at around 40 kilometers distance from this historic Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple..

Kurnool Fort – Historic 16th Century Fort in Andhra Pradesh

Kurnool Fort alias Konda Reddy Fort is a historic site at Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh state, India.

Kurnool Fort alias Konda Reddy Fort
Kurnool Fort alias Konda Reddy Fort or Konda Reddy Buruju.

Kurnool Fort is also known as Konda Reddy Buruju or Konda Reddy Fort. The fort construction was started in 1530 and was completed by 1542. This historical place is situated on the banks of Tungabhadra River. Achyutaraya, the Vijayanagar ruler, built this historic site.

There are many gateways and bastions for the fort at Kurnool. Gateways of the fort were constructed during the 17th century by the renowned  Vijaynagar emperor, Gopal Raja. The fort got its name from the last ruler of Alampur, Konda Reddy ,who lost his kingdom to Golconda Nawabs.

Kurnool fort has three levels; the first and second floors are open to public, while the ground floor is closed to public.

How Do I Go to Kurnool Fort alias Konda Reddy Buruju or Konda Reddy Fort?

Kurnool, The Gateway of Rayalaseema region, is well connected by roads to other parts of the state and to the rest of the country. There are frequent bus services from different cities of Andhra Pradesh state and nearby Telunga state, to Kurnool.

Kurnool Railway Station is the nearest railway station at around 2 kilometers distance from this historic fort.

Alampur is at around 24 kilometers distance from the Konda Reddy Buruju alias Konda Reddy Fort.

Hyderabad airport is the nearest airport at a distance of around 200 kilometers distance. Tirupati airport is at around 280 kilometers away. There is a planned greenfield airport on 1110 acres of land, to come up at Orvakal, at a distance of around 25 kilometers from Kurnool city.

Kurnool Fort Timings

The Fort is open to the public from 6:30 AM to 6:30 PM.