Bandra Fort

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, Historical Monument at Mumbai

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, as is known in Portuguese, is an ancient fort situated at Bandra, Mumbai.

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada
Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, Mumbai.

This magnificent fort was constructed in 1640. The purpose was to use the fort as a watchtower, overlooking the Arabian Sea, Mahim Bay and the southern island of Mahim. This fort was one among the many forts constructed by the Portuguese along the western coast of India, during their rule in the middle of the last millennium.

In 1739, the fort was attacked by the Marathas. They won and took control over the fort. In 1774, the British invaded the fort and took control of it after the First Anglo-Maratha War.

In the early 18th century, after the decline of the Portuguese rule in India, the Marathas became the greatest threat to British possessions in Mumbai. The British partially demolished the fort. This was done as a precautionary measure to avoid the possibility of the fort being used by the Marathas as a forward military base to attack British ruled Bombay (Mumbai is the new name).

Bandra Fort is one among the best historical monuments to visit near Bandra. This historic fort spans across different levels, ranging from sea level to an altitude of 24 meters. Several movies has been pictured in the fort.

Taj Land’s End hotel is currently responsible for the maintenance of this Historical Monument, Castella de Aguada. In 2003, local residents association along with the help of Shabana Azmi, the Member of Parliament, restored masonry walls of the fort. These walls were in severely damaged condition. The brick arch, which was on the verge of collapse, was also repaired.

How Do I Go to Bandra Fort?

Bandra Fort is accessible by road. It is at a distance of around 18 kilometers from the Gateway of India. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is at around 8.5 kilometers from the historic fort, Castella de Aguada Alias Bandra Fort.

Vellore Fort, Historical Places, Historical Monuments

Vellore Fort is a situated in heart of Vellore city in Tamilnadu state. This fort was constructed by Vijayanagara kings, during the 16th century.

Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort, Tamilnadu

This fort is considered as one of the best military architecture in Southern India. The fort is known for its grand ramparts and wide moats. This magnificent fort is spread over 133 acres of land in 0.54 square kilometers. It is situated at an altitude of 220 meters, i.e. 720 feet. It is believed that there existed an escape tunnel of 12 kilometers long, connecting this fort with Virinjipuram.

This fort is unique in that it houses 3 religious places of worship. Aa temple, mosque and a church exists inside the fort. Jalakandeswarar temple, a mosque and St. John’s Church are the historical places to visit, all situated inside the fort.

This Fort once served as the headquarters of Aravidu Dynasty (of Vijayanagara Empire). This fort is one among the leading historical places in India, during 16th to 20th centuries. The fort changed hands to Bijapur sultans, Marathas, Carnatic Nawabs and finally to The British, before Indian Independence. Archaeological Department of the Indian Government now maintains the fort.

The British has held Tipu Sultan‘s family and Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (the last king of Sri Lanka), as prisoners in this fort. Sriranga Raya of Vijayanagara royal family was massacred in this fort. This fort is where the first significant military rebellion against The British, Vellore Mutiny, erupted in 1806.

How Do I Go to Vellore Fort?

One among the leading historical monuments in India, Vellore Fort, is easily accessible by road and train. Its at the heart of the town and cabs can take you to the fort entrance. Katpadi Junction railway station is the nearest railway station to Vellore fort, at around 7.2 kilometers distance.

Vellore Airport does not offer passenger transport. Chennai airport is the nearest airport at 140 kilometers distance. Bengaluru airport is at around 215 kilometers from Vellore.