Tag Archives: Gautama Buddha

Rajgir, Buddhism, Jainism and Great Epic of Mahabharata

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Rajgir is a historic city in Nalanda district, Bihar, India. It was the capital of kingdom of Magadha and Great Mauryan Empire. 1000 B.C. dated ceramics have been found in this ancient city. Jainism and Buddhism have deep roots at Rajgir, as Lord Mahavir and Gautama Buddha stayed here. Vulture’s Peak mountain on the city outskirts was the venue for Atanatiya conference.

Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.

World Peace Pagoda at Rajgir is one among the 80 Pagodas in the world and is a famous tourist spot. Hot water springs of Rajgir, known as Brahmakund, are famous and is holy for Hindus. There is a rope way to this city, which is another tourist attraction.

This place is a historic site in the Great epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata mentions the battles between Pandavas & Lord Krishna (allies) with Jarasandha, who was the king of this place. Lord Krishna defeated Jarasandha 17 times. On the 18th occasion, Lord Krishna left the battlefield without going in for a battle. A wrestling match between Bhima (one among the five Pandavas) and King Jarasandha is also mentioned in Mahabharata. ‘Jarasandha’s Akhara’ is a famous martial arts center here.

Jain and Buddhist scriptures also mentions this historical place. Lord Mahavira of Jainism spent 14 years at this place and nearby Nalanda. 1200 years old Munisuvrat bhagwan temple along with Jain temples are situated here.

How Do I Go to Rajgir?

There is a railway station at this town with daily direct trains to New Delhi. Patna is the nearest major city at 100 kilometers distance. Mokameh is at 100 kilometers distance from Rajgir. Bakhtiarpur is a city in between Patana and Mokameh. NH82 connects the city with other parts of the country. NH 30A and NH31 are other National Highways of India passing through the nearby cities of Rajgir, mentioned above.

Phugtal Monastery

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Phugtal Monastery is one of the oldest Buddhist monasteries in Ladakh, in Kargil district, Jammu & Kashmir state. Phugtal Monastery is located in the remote Lungnak Valley in south-eastern Zanskar taluk. The Phuktal Monastery is built like a honeycomb around a natural cave, which is believed to have been in existence for more than 2,550 years. The present Phuktal Gonpa of the Gelug lineage was established here in the 14th century by Jangsem Sherap Zangpo.

Phugtal Monastery
Phugtal Monastery
.

Phugtal Monastery is also known as Phuktal Monastery or Phugtal Gompa and the Monastery can only be reached by foot. Supplies to the Phuktal monastery are brought on donkeys, horses, and mules in the warmer months. In the frozen winters, supplied are brought through the frozen Zanskar River.

Monastery here houses about 70 Buddhist monks. The monastery is built on a cliff, right under a cave entrance. The foundation is built with clay and twigs. The earliest inhabitants of the cave were the 16 followers of Gautama Buddha, whose images are there on the cave walls of the Phugtal Monastery.

How do I Go to Phugtal Monastery?

Phugtal Monastery is very difficult to reach . One can drive up to Zanskar from Padum by road and then need to trek, the remaining part. It requires lot of trekking (anywhere around 7 to 9 hours trekking alone) and its not a place for ordinary tourists. You need to cross many a Himalayan mountain passes to reach the Monastery via villages of Anmu and then Cha. A few houses offer home stay facility in Cha.

Another option is to go to the village Purne, on the opposite side of the river Lungnak and you need to cross wooden bridges en route. The second route is wider and not so high as mentioned in the first option.

Its advisable to opt for a group tour package from any reliable tour operator.

Pillars of Mauryan king Ashoka

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Pillars of Mauryan king Ashoka
The original Lion Capital of Ashoka

Ashoka the Great, Buddhist Mauryan king, erected a series of pillars in different states of North India around the third century B.C. . They pillars are mainly found in the states of Utter Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi , etc, which were part of the Mayura dynasty those days.

Pillar at Sarnath is the most famous among the pillars of Ashok. This pillar has four lions in standing posture with Ashoka Chakra (wheel) at the center. There is also an elephant, galloping horse, a bull and a lion; these being separated by the wheels of the chariot over the bell shaped lotus. Each of these four animals have great significance in Gautama Buddha‘s life. The Ashoka pillar was carved out of a single block of sandstone.

Ahhoka Chakra has much significance to Indians and India. It is the official emblem of Government of India. The Ashoka Chakra (chakra means wheel) is there at the center of India’s national flag. 

19 pillars are surviving currently at different parts of North India; more were said to have been damaged . These pillars were erected by the great Ashoka, who was attracted to Buddhism, to propagate the teachings of the Buddha.

Each of these pillars are 40 to 50 feet in height, they were quarried from Chunar near Varanasi and dragged and erected at the current sites.

Emperor Ashoka is estimated to have build 33 Edicts, which included minor rock edicts, major rock edicts and pillar edicts. These rock edicts are spread across India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. 

Where are the Other Ashoka Pillars Located?

Apart from the pillars at Saranath, there are 2 Ashok pillars in Delhi. There are Ashok pillars at Vaishali,  Lauriya-Areraj and Lauriya-Nandangarh (all in Bihar state) and another pillar at Allahabad (in Utter Pradesh state).

Bodh Gaya, Gautama Buddha’s Enlightenment Site

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Bodh Gaya, Gautama Buddha's Enlightenment SiteMahabodhi temple in Bodhgaya

Bodh Gaya, Gautama Buddha’s Enlightenment Site is at Gaya district of Bihar state, India.

Bodh Gaya is the place where, it is believed that the Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment and hence is one among the four sacred pilgrimage centers for Buddhists.

Bodhgaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in India.

Prince Gautama Siddhartha, 26 centuries ago, reached Phalgu near Gaya and sat under a Bodhi tree and meditated . After 3 days and 3 nights of meditation, he is said to have attained Enlightenment and the name ‘Budda’ was adopted. Decedent of the original Bodhi tree is still there at the site.

Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader for the Tibetans,  visits this place quite frequently during year ends. October to March is the main pilgrimage season.

Maha Bodhi Temple is at a distance of 110 kilometers from Patna. Emperor Ashoka, after 250 years of Buddha’s Enlightenment,  is said have visited Bodhgaya and founded this temple.

How do I go to Bodh Gaya, Gautama Buddha’s Enlightenment Site?

Bodh Gaya International Airport is at 13 kilometers distance.

Bodh Gaya is at 12 kilometers from Gaya city and NH 83 connects Bodh Gaya with Gaya City.

‘Gaya Junction’, at 12 kilometers distance, is the nearest railway station. Patna, the capital of Bihar state, is at a distance of 110 kilometers, which is well connected to all parts of the country by train.