Tag Archives: Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization at Marayur or Marayoor is famous for its natural sandalwood. It is situated in the state of Kerala, India.

Marayur, the Sandalwood and the Stone Age Civilization Dolmens of Marayoor.

The ancient unique Dolmens and rock paintings found here indicates that civilization of Marayur dates back to 10000 B.C. . It is also proof for the petroglyph skills which existed in the Stone Age Civilization days.

Sandalwood Santalum album forest, Marayoor, KerelaSandalwood Santalum album forest, near Marayoor, Kerela, India.

The Dolmens which belong to the Iron age, caves, rock edicts, engravings tells the history and the rich heritage of Marayoor.  Rock paintings at Attala, in the western Marayor, has more than 90 paintings in rock, most of which are abstract designs, except for a few paintings which depicts humans and animals.  There is a rock painting of a man and a deer in the nearby Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. A new rock painting was recently discovered near to this painting.

Marayur has around 100 species of flowering plants, including medicinal plants. Sandalwood is a  highly aromatic wood, used for scents and perfumes and for herbal medicine. Processing of Sandalwood and the Sandalwood oil is the major local industry. Sandalwood oil, otherwise called Liquid Gold for its high price, is extracted from the roots and the wood of the Sandalwood tree.

How Do I Go to Marayur?

Marayur Town is in Idukki district , Kerala and well connected by roads to other parts of Kerala and the country. Marayur is at 42 kilometers north of Munnar Hills, on the Aluva – Munnar- Udumalpet road, i.e. on the Kerala State Highway 17. Anamalai, the highest peak in southern India, is close to Marayur.

Cochin International airport at 145 kilometers distance and Madurai Airport at 169 kilometers distance are the nearest airports to Marayur.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Pambar River in Chinnar wildlife sanctuary
Pambar River in Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is in Idukki District of Kerala State in India. It is a protected area as per government order. It is bounded on one side by Eravikulam National Park and other sides by Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is part of Anamalai ranges in Western ghats. The Chinnar River and River Pambar are the major water resources in the sanctuary.

Thoovanam waterfalls is a major beautiful waterfall inside the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.

34 species of Mammals live in Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, which includes  Panthers,Tigers ,Indian Elephants, Gaur,  Sambar Deer, Spotted deer, Common langur, Bonnet Macaque,  threatened Nilgiri Tahr, Hanuman monkey, vulnerable Rusty-spotted Cats. The Sanctuary has about 240 numbers of the most vulnerable Grizzled Giant Squirrels as per the  last count.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Thoovanam Waterfalls

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is heaven of  fauna. Many species of  birds including Bulbulls, are there among the 245 species of birds found here. Reptile species number around 52, which includes 29 species of snakes. Endangered species of Indian Star Tortoise are found here. Also found are the largest population of vulnerable Mugger Crocodiles in the state.  Many species of fishes including endangered hill stream game fish Deccan Mahseer are found among those 42 fish species here. Amphibian species of 22 varieties are found in the  Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. Butterflies number to 156 species.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is also rich in flora. Flowering plant of 965 species are found her. Marayoor Sandalwood, a rare sandalwood, is found here.

Trekking, Walking along the river banks, etc, are allowed.

How do I Go to Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary?

Nearest town is Devikulam in Idukki District, which is well connected by roads to other nearby cities of Kerala and Tamil Nadu states. Nearest airport is Cochin International airport at Nedumbrassery. The nearest major railway stations are Kottayam, Cochin and Aluva,