Understand The Background Of Golconda Fort & Kohinoor Diamond

Golconda Fort is a 13th Century mud fort.. The fort is situated in Telungana state in India. This  is the place where the Priceless Kohinoor Diamond was found.

Golconda Fort near Hyderabad city
Golconda Fort near Hyderabad city

Golkonda was the capital of ancient Kingdom of Golkonda, ruled by Qutb Shahi dynasty. Sultan Quli formally established the Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1538, based at Golkonda. The original mud fort was built centuries back, during the region Kakatiya dynasty. The fort was expanded by the first three Qutb Shahi sultans into the present structure. Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (Fifth Sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty) shifted the capital to Hyderabad.

This magnificent fort is famous for its acoustics design. Sound of hand, clapped at the entrance, can be heard on the top spot, at a distance of around one kilometer away.

There is a light and sound show at the fort, in the evenings, for one hour. The first show begins at 7 pm on all days, from November to February. The second show is held at 8.15 pm on-wards. Telugu show is conducted on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Hindi shows are conducted on other days .

Golconda is famous for mines. The world famous Kohinoor diamond or Koh-i-Noor diamind was probably mined from Golconda. It’s now part of the British Crown Jewels. It originally belonged to Kakatiya dynasty rulers. It changed hands many a times, due to wars. It is believed to have been processed by Gwalior Kings, Mughal emperors (like Babur, Shah Jahan, Aurangazeb), Persian ruler Nader Shah, Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani, Sikh emperor Ranjit Singh, etc, among various Indian and Persian rulers.

How Do I Go to Golconda Fort in Hyderabad?

Golconda fort is at a distance of 11 kilometers, west of Hyderabad city. It’s part of Hyderabad district.

Hyderabad is well connected by train and air services to the rest of the country. There is an International airport on the outskirts of the sity, at around 20 kilometers distance from Hyderabad city. Twin cites of Hyderabad and Secunderabad are connected to almost all major cities of India.