Kavualedurga Fort – A Ninth Century Fort in Karnataka

Kavualedurga Fort is a  ninth century fort located at around 18 kilometers distance from Thirthahalli Town in Shimoga district, Karnataka state, India.
Kavualedurga Fort
Kavualedurga Fort.   Image source Wikimedia / Wikipedia.

Kavualedurga Fort was constructed during the 9th century. Cheluvarangappa, a feudatory  under the Vijayaanagara emperor,  renovated this fort in the 14th century.

Venkatappa Nayaka (1582-1629) fortified the place. He constructed a palace,treasury, granary, ponds and stables for elephants and horses. A portion of the fort was made as an Agrahara (attached to Sringeri Math).

Kavualedurga fort a has three lined walls, which were made of massive granite slabs. Each fortification has separate gateway with by rooms for guards on either side. In between the three fortifications you can find temples, a ruined palace site and other structures which looks like basement of some ruined building.

At the top of the hill, almost at the middle of the fort, overlooking the Arabian sea, you can find a small temple which is known as Shikhareshvara or Srikanthesvara temple. The temple has a Garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum). A Nandi sculpture (bull), a mantapa (hall)  and an entrance porch can be seen at the temple site.  View of sunset from the entrance porch is amazing.

The palace site is one among the most visited sites in Shimoga district. This site has an ornate basement which shows proof of a large terraced structure. Recent studies in the area has shown a  series of interconnected rooms around a spacious inner quadrangle.  Pillared roofed platform along the outside of a house (verandah), a pooja room (prayer room), kitchen with five burners, stone platform in the bath room were found here.

A well developed water supply system existed in the fort. There is a closed pathway (verandah) which  leads to the  stepped water tank

How Do I Go to Kavualedurga Fort?

Kavualedurga Fort is at a distance of around 18 kilometers from Thirthahalli town. National Highway 13  passed through Thirthahalli road, which is the access point to the Thirthahalli town.

Shimoga railway station is the nearest one at around 87 kilometers from the fort. This station is connected to Bangalore and Mysore by direct trains. Udupi and  Mangalore  are two  nearest railway stations at around 95 and 142 kilometers distance receptively, for those coming from North India.

Bandra Fort

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, Historical Monument at Mumbai

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, as is known in Portuguese, is an ancient fort situated at Bandra, Mumbai.

Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada
Bandra Fort or Castella de Aguada, Mumbai.

This magnificent fort was constructed in 1640. The purpose was to use the fort as a watchtower, overlooking the Arabian Sea, Mahim Bay and the southern island of Mahim. This fort was one among the many forts constructed by the Portuguese along the western coast of India, during their rule in the middle of the last millennium.

In 1739, the fort was attacked by the Marathas. They won and took control over the fort. In 1774, the British invaded the fort and took control of it after the First Anglo-Maratha War.

In the early 18th century, after the decline of the Portuguese rule in India, the Marathas became the greatest threat to British possessions in Mumbai. The British partially demolished the fort. This was done as a precautionary measure to avoid the possibility of the fort being used by the Marathas as a forward military base to attack British ruled Bombay (Mumbai is the new name).

Bandra Fort is one among the best historical monuments to visit near Bandra. This historic fort spans across different levels, ranging from sea level to an altitude of 24 meters. Several movies has been pictured in the fort.

Taj Land’s End hotel is currently responsible for the maintenance of this Historical Monument, Castella de Aguada. In 2003, local residents association along with the help of Shabana Azmi, the Member of Parliament, restored masonry walls of the fort. These walls were in severely damaged condition. The brick arch, which was on the verge of collapse, was also repaired.

How Do I Go to Bandra Fort?

Bandra Fort is accessible by road. It is at a distance of around 18 kilometers from the Gateway of India. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is at around 8.5 kilometers from the historic fort, Castella de Aguada Alias Bandra Fort.