Category Archives: Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh tourism related information including its hill stations, pilgrimage centers, wildlife sanctuaries, trekking destinations, falls, historic places, etc.

Mathura – Lord Krishna’s Birth Place, Kesava Deo Temple

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Mathura in Utter Pradesh state of India is the birth place of Lord Krishna (God Krishna, Sri Krishna) and is one of the seven holiest cities for Hindus.

Mathura  Kesava Deo TempleMathura Kesava Deo Temple.

Kesava Deo Temple is the main temple in the Krishnajanmabhoomi complex. Krishnajanmabhoomi complex is the complex housing the Kesava Deo Temple, the prison (actual birthplace of Lord Kishna) and other temples. Kehsav Dev , i.e Lord Krishna, is the main deity in the Kesava Deo Temple. It is believed that Bajranabh, the Great-grandson of Lord Krishna, installed the original deity here in this temple.

King Ugrasena ruled Mathura and was overthrown by his son Kamsa (or Kansa). [Kamsa not King Ugrasena’s biological son; but born to King Ugrasena’s wife Queen Padmavati and Drumila (or Gobhila)] . Kamsa was the maternal uncle of Lord Krishna. Kamsa was told that the eighth child of his sister, Devaki, shall kill him. Lord Krishna was saved from his Uncle Kamsa’s wrath by divine intervention and was raised by Nanda and Yasoda, a cow-herd couple, at the nearby city of Vrindavan (or called Mathura Vrindavan). Once Krishna grew up, he returned to Mathura and eventually killed King Kamsa and reinstated Kamsa’s father, Ugrasena, as King of Mathura.

Mathura is a very ancient city and the great Hindu Epic, Ramanaya, mentions about this city. There are hundreds of temples in Vrindavan, dedicated to Lord Krishna and Goddess Radha. (Lord Krishna and Goddess Radha are work-shipped together by many.)

What are the Different Names of Lord Krishna?

The list of different names of Lord Krishna can be found here.

How Do I Go to Mathura Kesava Deo Temple?

Mathra city is on the main Delhi – Agra National Highway side. Mathura town is at a distance of 50 kilometers, north of Agra. It takes around 2.5 hours drive from Delhi, if you travel by the Delhi-Agra National highway.

Mathura junction” with station code “MTJ”, is the railway station at the birth place of God Krishna on the Delhi-Chennai / Delhi-Mumbai Main line.

Madurai’s twin city, Vrindavan, where Lord Krishna spent his childhood days, is at a distance of 10 kilometers from Mathura, on the Agra-Delhi National Highway side. There are a few local trains between Mathura and Vrindavan. Vrindavan’s station code is ‘BDB’. Mathura to Vrindavan train journey takes a travelling time of 35 minutes and the train stops at 2 stations in between Mathura and Vrindavan .

Varanasi alias Banaras

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Varanasi alias Banaras or Kashi, the pilgrim city

Varanasi alias Banaras
Varanasi alias Banaras or Benares or Kashi (Image Courtesy : Wikimedia).

Varanasi alias Banaras, is one of the most famous pilgrimage places for Hindus,Buddhists and Jains in India. Varanani is situated in the state of Utter Pradesh in North India.

Varanasi is the most sacred and holy city for Hindus and Jains. Kashi Vishwanath temple is the most famous Hindu temple in Varanasi. Varanasi has played a major role in the development of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon,”Turning the Wheel of Law”, at a nearby place, Saranath, in 528 B.C.

Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city in India and is one among such other cities of the world. Varanasi is called the ‘city of temples’. Varanasi or Banaras is considered as the religious and spiritual capital of India. Varanasi is situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga, one of the largest rivers in India.

Varanasi is believed to be founded by the Lord Shiva. Archaeological evidence suggests the city to be inhabited by humans in the 11th or 12th century B.C. However, “Atharvaveda”, the oldest known text, suggests human existence even earlier. Mark Twain has said , “Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.” The famous Chinese travelers of the 6 th and 7 th century, Xuanzang and Hiuen Tsiang, describes Banaras as “centre of religious and artistic activities” extended over 5 kilimeters along the Western banks of river Ganga or Ganges with 30 temples and 30 monks.

Adi Shankara or Sankarachra, the Great Hindu Philosopher, and the one who consolidated the doctrine of ‘Advaita Vedanta’, has visited Varanasi in the 8th century.

Hindus believes that, death at Banaras brings salvation.

Banaras Hindu University, one of the largest residential universities of Asia, is situated here.

Banaras Silk Sarees from Varanasi alias Banaras

Weaving of silk sarees is a major industry here at Banaras or Benares . Banaras is home to the Geographically Identified Banaras Silk Sarees or Banarasi silk sarees, the finest and most sought after saree in the world (check serial number 100 and 193 under “Registered GIs” at the above site). Banaras hand-loom silk industry employs around 12 lack people.

How do I go to Varanasi alias Banaras or Baneras or Kashi ?

Varanasi alias Banaras or Baneras or Kashi is at a distance of around 800 kilometers from the Indian capital city of New Delhi.

Lucknow , the capital of Utter Pradesh state is at 320 kilometers distance and Allahabad is at 121 kilometers distance.

Dudhwa National Park, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Dudhwa National Park
Dudhwa National Park (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dudhwa National Park and Dudhwa Tiger Reserve are in the Lakhimpur Kheri District of Utter Pradesh state in India, on the Indo-Nepal border. Dudhwa National Park offers extensive opportunities for those who are nature lovers, bird watchers, wildlife enthusiasts, etc.

Dudhwa National Par is part of the Terai ecosystem, which supports many endangered species of animals and is wetlands which are rich in flora .

This National Park is one among the Three Parks of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, which consists of Two other National parks, namely Krishnapur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.

This National Park was established initially as a wildlife sanctuary in 1958, mainly for Swamp Deer. Later on, in the year 1977, it became a National park. In the late eighties, it was declared as a Tiger reverse and became part of ‘Project tiger’ project. The Tiger reserve is rich in bio-diversity and is of national and international importance in protecting our planet from Carbon emission.

Tigers and Swamp deer are the major tourist attractions in the park. Hispid Hare, a rare and endangered species, is found here. Indian Rhinos, Sambar dear, Hog deer, sloth bear, fishing cat, Jackal, jungle cat, leopard cat, etc, are some of the other species found in Dudhwa Wildlife sanctuary and National Park.

More than 450 species of birds, out of the total of 1300 bird species in the Indian sub-continent, are found in the National Park.

Barasinghas, with 12 antlers, have their half of the total world population found in Dudhwa National Park.

How do I Go to Dudhwa National Park and Dudhwa Tiger Reserve?

Shahjehanpur with station code SPN, is the most convenient and well connected railway station, which is at a distance of around 3 hours drive from Dudhwa. From New Delhi, the capital of India, it takes around 9 hours drive to reach the National Park. Lucknow, the capital of Utter Pradesh state, is at around 250 kilometers distance.

Park is open after Monsoon season. Director of the Park may be contacted on +91-05872-52106.

Pillars of Mauryan king Ashoka

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Pillars of Mauryan king Ashoka
The original Lion Capital of Ashoka

Ashoka the Great, Buddhist Mauryan king, erected a series of pillars in different states of North India around the third century B.C. . They pillars are mainly found in the states of Utter Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi , etc, which were part of the Mayura dynasty those days.

Pillar at Sarnath is the most famous among the pillars of Ashok. This pillar has four lions in standing posture with Ashoka Chakra (wheel) at the center. There is also an elephant, galloping horse, a bull and a lion; these being separated by the wheels of the chariot over the bell shaped lotus. Each of these four animals have great significance in Gautama Buddha‘s life. The Ashoka pillar was carved out of a single block of sandstone.

Ahhoka Chakra has much significance to Indians and India. It is the official emblem of Government of India. The Ashoka Chakra (chakra means wheel) is there at the center of India’s national flag. 

19 pillars are surviving currently at different parts of North India; more were said to have been damaged . These pillars were erected by the great Ashoka, who was attracted to Buddhism, to propagate the teachings of the Buddha.

Each of these pillars are 40 to 50 feet in height, they were quarried from Chunar near Varanasi and dragged and erected at the current sites.

Emperor Ashoka is estimated to have build 33 Edicts, which included minor rock edicts, major rock edicts and pillar edicts. These rock edicts are spread across India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. 

Where are the Other Ashoka Pillars Located?

Apart from the pillars at Saranath, there are 2 Ashok pillars in Delhi. There are Ashok pillars at Vaishali,  Lauriya-Areraj and Lauriya-Nandangarh (all in Bihar state) and another pillar at Allahabad (in Utter Pradesh state).

Fatehpur Sikri Mughal Capital

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Fatehpur Sikri Mughal Capital
Interior of the Diwan-i-Khas (hall of private audience) at Fatehpur Sikri (Uttar Pradesh, India)
.

Fatehpur Sikri, the erstwhile Mughal Capital, is in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh in India. Fateh Pur sirki is at 37 kilometers distance from Agra, famous for one of the seven wonders of the world, Taj Mahal. Fatehpur Sikri tour is part of golden triangle tour packages in India, as Fatehpur is on your way to Jaipur from Agra. Golden triangle India tour package cover Delhi, Agra and Jaipur in 3 neighboring Indian states.

Fatehpur Sikri, Mughal Capital, was founded by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1569 on the Sikri ridge.

Fateh pur Sikri is a well planned gated city (the massive gate and fort still stands intact) with  a series palaces, royal courts, many utility buildings, etc. There is a mosque inside the city.  There is a dam also at Fatehpur Sikri, remains of which can be seen even now.

Fatehpur Sikri was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The construction of Fatehpur Sikri was  of great interest to Emperor Akbar. The construction of this planned gated city took 15 years. The 3 sides of the city have walls while the fourth side was a lake that time. The style of the buildings in the city is the combination of many regional architecture which was only seen in Akbar’s Fathepur city.

It is one of the best maintained Mughal Architecture in India, built with red sandstones which is locally available. It was the capital of Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.

The magnificent palace built by Akbar
The magnificent palace built by Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri.

In 1585, Akbar Shifted the capital to Lahore, due to shortage of water and political instability in the nearby areas. The capital was shifted to Agra again in 1598.

How do I Go to Fatehpur Sikri, The Mughal Capital City?

Fatehpur Sikri railway station is the nearest railway station, within one kilometer distance from the city center.

It is well connected by roads. The highway Agra-Jaipur passes through the front gate of Fateh pur Sikri.

The nearest airport is at Agra, 40 kilometers away.

Taj Mahal, Agra – Wonders of the World

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the World and is situated at Agra city in Utter Pradesh state of India.

Taj Mahal, AgraTaj Mahal, Agra, India – Photo By – George T. George (Self).

Taj Mahal at Agra is a World UNESCO Heritage Site and the ultimate sign of expression of Love on earth. TajMahal was built by the Great Moughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, around 450 years back, in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is considered as the best of Moughal Architecture and is a white marble mausoleum, on the banks of the holy river, Yamuna. The tomb is the main attraction of the Taj. Tajmahal is a UNESCO world heritage site.

Emperor Shah Jahan was dethroned and imprisoned by his third son, Emperor Aurangzeb (reigned from 1658 till his death in 1707) , after along drawn power struggle, including battles between himself and three of his brothers, and had to confine to the walls of nearby Agra Fort on the banks of the holy river, Yamuna. Shaj Jahan spent rest of his lifetime at the Agra Fort, overlooking the Taj!

Seeing Taj Mahal on a full moon day is a splendid sight, which you will cherish for a long time and can never be expressed in words. You can take photographs in the front side entrance near the garden, so that the snap looks like you are touching the top of the tomb!

TajMahal was recommended for ‘New Seven Wonders of the World‘ in 2000 as part of a Millennium Project and was declared as a winner in 2007.

Are you are interested in a virtual tour of Taj Mahal? Taj Mahal Tour is part of Golden Triangle Tour Packages in India.  Are you interested in golden triangle India tour package covering Delhi, Agra and Jaipur? Please check with your travel agent for details on Golden Triangle Tour package price.

How DI Go to Taj Mahal, Agra?

Agra, in Utter Pradesh state of India, is well connected by road, train and air to the rest of India. It is around 2 hours drive from Delhi, India. Many National highways passes through Agra. Delhi-Agra Yamuna Expressway is the best one, connecting Agra with India’s Capital, New Delhi. Travelling by this route normally takes around two hours time. NH 2 also connects these two cities; but takes more time than the other paid expressway mentioned earlier. NH 91 connects Aligarh with Agra. NH 11 connects Agra with Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan state. NH 3 connects Agra to Mumbai, the commercial capital of India. NH 2 connects Agra with Lucknow, the capital of Utter Pradesh state.

Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. is the closest major international airport to Taj Mahal, Agra.

Agra Cantonment railway station is the nearest major station to Taj Mahal which connects Agra with Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, etc. Agra Fort railway station is another railway station near to Taj Mahal, which connects Agra with East Indian Cities like Kolkata (Calcutta) and other cities of Central India.