Category Archives: Odisha or Orissa

Odisha or Orissa tourism related information including its beaches, hill stations, pilgrimage centers, wildlife sanctuaries, trekking destinations, falls, historic places, etc.

Nandankanan Zoological Park, Botanical Gardens, White Tiger

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Nandankanan Zoological Park is a Zoo and Botanical Garden situated at Bhubaneswar. Its the first zoo to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums(WAZA) from India, in 2009.

A White Tiger inside Nandankanan Zoological ParkA White Tiger inside Nandankanan Zoological Park.

Nandankanan Zoological Park was established in 1960 and opened to public in 1979. It is spread over an area of 400 hectares. The Zoo is extended over the protected areas of Krishnanagar and Jujhagarh Forests.

Nandankanan Zoo has 101 enclosures with 202 sub-enclosures; both cages and open moat enclosures. The Zoo has a total of 126 species, out of which 40 are mammal species, 56 bird species and 24 reptile species. 88 species are indigenous. 32 exotic species of animals are found in the Nandankanan Zoo.

White tiger safari is available inside the Zoo. This Zoo has the unique distinction of having given birth to White tigers in 1980, from normal colored tiger parents, inside cage. Endangered Gharials were also born in the Zoo in the same year. Many other species are breed inside the Nandankanan Zoo premises. Zoo is having Breeding Centers for mouse deer, Indian Pangolin, and White backed vultures.

The Zoo is home to many endangered animals. 5 endangered mammal species, 6 endangered bird species and 10 endangered reptile species are found in the Nandankanan Zoo.

You can adopt any animal at Nandankanan Zoological Park, by paying the fixed amount for that species. The adopted animal still remain in the Zoo. No transfer of ownership rights is allowed. Its a program to create awareness about wildlife conservation and to support the world class care and services given to the animals at the Zoo. NGO, Corporate companies or Individuals can be part of this program.

Nandankanan Botanical Garden is spread over an area of 173 acres inside the inside the Zoological Park. It was established in 1963 and is situated in between the wetlands of Kiakani Lake and Kanjia lake. Butterfly Garden, Rose Garden,Medicinal Garden, Japanese Garden, Bougainvillea garden, Heritage Garden, Dry Garden, Evolution Garden, Arboretum Park (Botanical Garden for Trees) and Mughal Garden are situated inside the Nandankanan Botanical Garden.

Nandankanan Zoological Park is also known as Nandankanan national park and is situated adjacent to Chandaka – Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary. The Zoo offers the best views of nature.

Nandankanan Zoological Park is closed on Mondays.

How Do I Go to Nandankanan Zoological Park?

Nandankanan Zoo is located near to Bhubaneswar which is well connected ot other parts of the country.

Baranga Railway station on the is the nearest railway station at around one kilometer away. Bhubaneswar Railway station is at around 18 kilometers distance and Cuttack Railway station is at around 15 kilometers distance from the zoo. Bhubaneswar airport is the nearest airport to Nandankanan Zoological Park, at around 20 kilometers distance.

Simlipal National Park, Simlipal Tiger Reserve, Orchids

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Simlipal National Park is a National Park situated in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha state, India. Simlipal Tiger Reserve and Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve are part of the Simlipal National Park. The National Park got its name from the red silk cotton trees called ‘Semulin’, found inside the park.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga at UjjainPalpala River near Lulung in Simlipal National Park

Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve consists of three protected areas namely; Similipal Tiger Reserve spread over an area of 2750.00 square kilometers, Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary spread over an area of 191.06 square kilometers and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary spread over an area of 272.75 square kilometers

The National park has a protected area of 845.70 square kilometers. As per the last count, there are 99 Royal Bengal tigers (India’s National animal) and 432 Wild elephants inside the National Park. Indian bison and four horned Antelope (chausingha) are also found here. There is a separate area for orchids inside the National park. The National Park and its surrounding areas has 96 orchid species.

Joranda falls with a height of 181 meters and Barehipani falls with a height of 217 meters are two beautiful falls inside the National Park, which is part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves as approved by UNESCO. Champak flowers fragrance fills the atmosphere here. Sal trees (locally known as Sakhua) are found in Large numbers. Rivers Palpala, Budhabalanga, Salandi, Khairi, etc, originate in this area. 231 Bird species are found in this area and is an ideal location for bird watching. Plant species numbering 1076 are found here. 42 mammal species, 30 reptile species are also found in this Narional Park.

How Do I Go to Simlipal National Park or Simlipal Tiger Reserve?

The entry point to Simlipal National Park and Simlipal Tiger Reserve is from Pithabata check gate. You need to pay the charges here to get the entry permits. Pithabata check gate is situated at a distance of 22 kilometers from Baripada, the district head-quarters. Balasore is at 60 kilometers away from the National Park and Tiger Reserve. Jashipur is another entry point to the Simlipal National park & Simlipal Tiger Reserve, at 95 kilometers away from Baripada, the district head quarters.

Simlipal National Park is at a distance of 200 kilometers from Kolkata, 250 kilometers from Bhubaneswar,

Simlipal National Park Timings

Simlipal National Park is open only From 1st October To 15th June. Entry is allowed from 6 am.

Birla Mandir, Birla Family Tree

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Latest posts by George Thiruvilakalayil George (see all)

Birla Mandirs are a group of temples constructed by the Birla family (Birlas) across India. Birla Mandirs exists at New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kurushetra , Shahad, Bhopal, BITS Pilani,Jaipur, Patna, Akola, Varanasi (2 Birla Mandirs at Varanasi), Renukoot, Nagda, Brajrajnagar, Gaalior and Alibaug,

Birla Mandir construction is still going on at some places and the family believes in continuing the work.

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal

Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939

Birla Mandir at Bhopal
Birla Mandir at Bhopal

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal were constructed to fill a void. i.e These cities had no big temples. Delhi temple confirms to Nagara style of architecture, even though it was built using modern technology.

Architecture of Birla Mandirs Other Than Delhi and Bhopal

Most of the other Birla temples are built using marble or sandstone, in either Chandela Style of Architecture or Solanki Style of Architecture, both of which existed in the 10th-12th centuries.

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani campus is made of white marble and is a replica of the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. Gwalior Birla Mandir is a replica of the Konark Sun Temple.

Birla Group of Companies

Birla Mandirs across India are from Birla Family, who owns the Birla Group of companies. Birla family group is one of the leading business groups in India. Birla family members are the descendants of Seth Shobharam. Birlas belong to Pilani, a town in Rajasthan and are Marwari community, a community known for its business skills across India.

Birla Family Tree

Kumar Mangalam Birla, a fourth generation member of the Birla business family, currently heads the business after the demise of his father Aditya Vikram Birla in 1995. Aditya Vikram Birla is the son of Basant Kumar Birla ( Basant Kumar Birla is the grandfather of the current group head, Kumar Mangalam Birla and is currently the chairman of BITS Pilani) and grandson of Ghanshyam Das Birla. Ghanshyam Das Birla is the son of Baldeo Das Birla and grandson of Shiv Narayana Birla. Shiv Narayan Birla is the son of Seth Shobharam and grandson of Seth Bhudharmal.

Sun Temple Konark, UNESCO Heritage Site

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Sun Temple at Konark is a famous and gigantic chariot shaped 13th century temple dedicated to the Sun God, Surya. Konark Sun Temple was built by the Eastern Ganga Dynasty king Narasimhadeva I.

Sun TempleKonark Sun Temple.
Photo Source : Creative commons.

Konark is a city on the Bay of Bengal Coast in the Puri district of Odisha state, India. Sun temple at Konark is also known as “Black Pagoda”, as the temple is built of black granite from ‘Khondalite’ rocks. (Jagannath temple at Puri is known as White Pagoda). Sun Temple Konark is a UNESCO World Heritage site and much of the 12 th century temple is in a ruined state now. This temple is also known as Konark Mandir and Surya Mandir.

Konark Sun Temple’s pillars, walls and the chariot wheels are all carved extensively and the temple was featured as one of the “seven wonders of India”, by the leading Indian News / TV Channel networks of NDTV and Times of India. 12 pairs of the chariot wheels of the temple are of 3 meters in width and is pulled by 7 pairs of horses (one pair of horses is ruined now). Sun Temple Konark is a great example of ‘Kalinga’ architecture. The architecture of the temple is in such a way that first sunrise rays falls on the principal entrance of the Sun Temple, Konark.

Sun Temple KonarkAnother view of Sun Temple Konark. Photo Source : Creative commons Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Due to the heavy weight of the 70 meter tall structure and the nature of the loose soil on the coastal area, the main original sanctum sanctorum fell in 1837. Thirty meter tall audience hall is still intact and is the principal structure now. The dance hall and dining hall also have survived the test of time.

Two ruined temples were also discovered close to the main temple. ‘Mayadevi Temple’, situated on the south-western side of the main temple is one among them. This temple is dedicated to Mayadevi, wife of Sun God. This temple is believed to be constructed in the 11th century. Existence of older Mayadevi temple along with other evidence suggests that another Sun temple may have existed at the current site (which may have been damaged). The second ruined temple is close to the main Konark Sun temple and is dedicated to an unknown ‘Vaishnava’ deity.

There is a museum at Konark, which houses some of the sculptures and other ruins of the temple.

Konark is also famous for the annual Indian classical dance festival called “Konark Dance Festival”, held during the month of December.

How do I go to Konark Sun Temple?

Sun Temple at Konark is situated at a distance of 65 kilo meters from Bhubaneswar, the capital of Ohidha state.

Barehipani, Joranda Falls

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Barehipani, Joranda Falls

Barehipani Waterfalls – Budhabalanga River (Photo credit: bikashdas)

Barehipani, Joranda Falls are in the Simlipal National Park in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha State or Orissa (old name of the state).

Barehipani and Joranda Falls are regarded as among the highest falls in India. Barehipan Falls is a two tiered 399 meters high fall. Joranda Falls plunges over a cliff of 150 meters in height.

Barehipani & Joranda Falls are located in the heart of a wildlife sanctuary .

How to go to Barehipani, Joranda Falls

Rourkela, the famous for its steel plant, in Orissa or Odisha, is at a distance of 160 km.

Jamshedpur, the first planned industrial city of India, is where many factories of Indian Corporate conglomerate, Tata Group, are located. Jamshedpur is in Jharkhand state, a near by state, which is at a distance of 140 km from the Joranda falls.

Jamshedpur houses plants of Tata motors (the company which manufactures world’s cheapest cars, Tata nano ), Tata steel with manufacturing in 26 countries and many other Tata group companies. Tata consultancy services is leading IT company from the same Tata group. Taj group of hotels is a leading hotel groups in India from the Tata group.

Bhubaneshwar, the temple city, is at a distance of 300 km.

Balasore at 76 km is the closest railway station to Barehipani and  Joranda Falls. The railway station code  for Balasore at the Indian Railway ticket booking web site, irctc.co.in, is BLS. Balasore is at 194 km north of Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha,

Chandipur beach is in the same district of Balasore. Indian Ballistic Missile Test Range is at  a distance of 18 km north of Balasore.

Kolkatta or Culcutta, a major city in  the state of West Bangal, India at 240 km is the neatest Airport.

Orissa Chilka Lagoon Lake

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Orissa Chilka Lagoon Lake Sanderling Calidris Alba in Orissa Chilka Lagoon Lake, India.

Chilka Lagoon Lake is Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon in the east coastal line of Odisha state (or Orissa) in India.

Chilka Lagoon Lake is the second largest lagoon in the world. The Lagoon Lake is India’s first ‘wetland of International Importance’.

Chilka Lagoon Lake, the most beautiful natural scenery in Orissa, is spread over three districts of Odisha; namely Puri, Ganjam and Khurda. Chilka Lake in Odisha is situated in the mouth of Daya River which falls into the Bay of Bengal. Motto village connects the lagoon to the Bay of Bengal.

This Lake has an area of around 1165 square km in rainy season which shrinks by 150 square km in the dry season.

Chilka Lagoon Lake is also known as Chilika Lake. The Lake is separated from the sea by a strip of sand flats and marshy islands. These islands are occupied by fishermen families and are favored by tourists, which is accessible by boat journey from the land.

Chilka Lagoon Lake is rich in Aquatic Flora and fauna and is home to a large number of threatened plants and animals.

Chilika Lake’s largest island, Nalabana Island, is a bird sanctuary. Irrawady dolphins, which are endangered numbering around 150, are spotted off Satpada Island.

Orissa Chilka Lagoon Lake is one of the most prominent and important wet land in the world. It is the largest wet land in India for migratory birds in winter numbering around 160 species.

Chilika Lake’s largest island, Nalabana Island, is a bird sanctuary. Chilika Lake famous for fishing and related industries. Crabs, Prawns and Macrael are found in plenty in the Orissa’s Chilka Lake. Many fishermen live in the villages in and around the Chilka Lagoon Lake, Odisha.

How do I Go to Chilka Lagoon Lake?

Orissa Chilka Lagoon Lake is easily accessible by road from Bhuvaneswar, Puri and many other cities in Orissa. Many hotels by lagoon side are available.