Category Archives: Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh tourism related information including its hill stations, pilgrimage centers, wildlife sanctuaries, trekking destinations, falls, etc.

Kangra Fort

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Kangra Fort is a believed to be the oldest dated fort in India, on the outskirts of the Himalayan town of Kangra, near Dharamsala.

Kangra FortKangra Fort

This National Monument is considered as one among the most beautiful forts or best forts in India. Kangra Fort was built by the the Rajput Katoch dynasty of the Kangra state. This royal family has its origins dating back to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom, mentioned in the Great Epic, Mahabharata.

Kangra Fort stands on a steep rock, at the confluence of Banganga river and Majhi river. Two gates which were added by the Sikh Maharaja welcomes you to a small courtyard. A long and narrow passage takes you to the top of this historic fort.

Ahani and Amiri Darwaza are two gates built by Nawab Saif Ali Khan, the first Mughal Governor of Kangra, on this small passage. Jehangiri Darwaza is another gate at around 500 feet distance from the outer gate the passage. Darsani Darwaza is another gate, near to which, you can see defaced statues of Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Lakshmi Narayana Sitala and Ambika Devi are two shrines situated here. There is a passage in between these two shrines, which takes you to the Palace, which is considered as one among the historic royal palaces in India.

Kangra Fort is a historic fort. This historic place has resisted siege from the third Mughal emperor Akbar, in early 16th century. His successor and son, Jehangir, was successful in conquering the fort in 1620.

In 1789, Raja Sansar Chand II succeeded in recovering the fort belonging to his ancestors. The Rajput king fought wars with Gurkhas, Katochs and Sikhs. Gurkha army was successful in opening the armed gates of the fort in 1806, resulting in an alliance between Maharaja Sansar Chand and Maharaja Ranjit Singh. However, the Gurkhas left the fort as they realised that there is severe short supply of essential items, after the long drawn battle Maharaja Sansar Chand had with the Gurkhas and Sikhs.

This historical site remained with the Katoch dynasty till 1828. After the death of Sansar Chand, the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh who reigned from 1801 to 1839, conquered the fort. Finally, the British took control over the fort, after the war with Sikhs in 1846.

Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch Museum is a small museum situated close to entrance of the fort. This Museum is run by the Royal Family of Kangra. History of this fort is exhibited here. Audio guide is available here.

Jayanti Mata temple is a famous nearby temple on a hilltop. Jayanti Mata temple was built in the late 17th century by (Bada Kajee) Amar Singh Thapa, the General of the Nepal’s Gorkha Army.

How Do I Go to Kangra Fort

Kangra Fort is at a distance of around 20 kilometers from Dharamsala, where the headquarters of the Central Tibetan Administration is situated.

Amb Andaura railway station with station code AADR, is the nearest major railway station at around 48 kilometers distance from the fort town. Churaru takrala railway station (station code CHTL) is at around 58 kilometers away. Both these are small station. Pathankot is one of the nearest major railway stations at around 88 kilometers from Kangra. Dharamsala-Kangra Airport at Gaggal is the nearest airport to Kangra Fort.

Great Himalayan National Park

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is spread over an area of 1,171 square kilometers, at an altitude of 1500 to 6000 meters, among the mountain peaks of Kullu, Himachal Pradesh state in India.

A Bulbul in the Great Himalayan National Park
A Bulbul in the Great Himalayan National Park.

The Great Himalayan National Park is classified by UNESCO as one with “outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation“. The park can be considered as the junction of world’s two major faunal regions.

The Park is having more than 375 species of fauna and hunting of any sort is strictly prohibited. Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Musk Deer and Snow Leopard are the common animals found in this park. Around 181 species of birds are found in this national park.

Great Himalayan National Park, one of the major high altitude national parks in India, is also rich in Flora. It ranges from pines, spruce, horse-chestnuts or conker trees, alpine herbs, junipers, etc; home to a great diversity of floral life.

The Great Himalayan National Park, GHNP, conducts pre-trek meeting every day at its headquarters at Shamshi (near Kullu). Those who are interested in trekking the mountains are advised to attend this meeting,

How Do I Go to The Great Himalayan National Park, GHNP ?

The Great Himalayan National Park, GHNP, is situated in the Kullu Valley. Kullu valley is accessible by road. Kullu airport is at around 63 kilometers from GHNP.

The capital city of India, New Delhi is at around 500 kilometers from Kullu. Chandigarh railway station is the nearest Major railway station to The Great Himalayan National Park.

Pathankot Junction railway station in Punjab is another major railway station, from where narrow gauge trains (toy trains, as it is popularly known), are available up to Joginder Nagar (Mandi). From Joginder Nagar, you may hire a cab, to complete the last leg of around 143 kilometers to Kullu.

Chamba Hill Station, Heritage Monuments, Pahari Paintings

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Chamba is an ancient and famous hill station town in Himachal Pradesh state, India. It is situated at an altitude 996 meters (3268 feet) and is an ideal holiday retreat. Its is also a nature lovers paradise.

Chamba from across the river
Chamba from across the river.

Chamba Hill Station town is situated on the banks of the Ravi River, at its confluence with Sal River. These two rivers gets maximum waters during summer months, due to the melting of snow.

Ravi River, near Chamba
Ravi River, near Chamba.

Natives of Chamba Hill Station are known by the suffix Varmans. The available records dates back the origin of this ancient city to 2nd century BC. The area was under the reign of Maru dynasty from 500 AD. Raju Maru was the first ruler of the Maru dynasty. In 920, Raja Sahil Varman (or Raja Sahil Verma) shifted the capital to Chamba, on his daughter Champavati’s request. Hence the town got its name Champa. Champavati Temple is a famous ancient temple built by Raja Sahil Varman in memory of his daughter Champavati. Chamba was merged with the Indian Union in April 1948. In between 500 A.D. and its merger with Indian, 67 Maru dynasty kings reigned the dynasty.

Chamba Hill Station is famous for the Suhi Mata Mela and the Minjar Mela, two major fairs lasting for days, known for its music and dancing. Chamba is also famous for the Pahari paintings, which originated in the hill Kingdom, during the 17th to 19th century. Chamba is famous for its handicrafts and textiles.

There are many old heritage monuments like palaces and temples at the old town near Chamba. 10th century Champavati Temple is the major one among them. Champavati Temple has historical and religious relevance for Hindus. Goddess Mahisasuramardini is the deity here, which is the avatar of Goddess Durga.

Lakshmi Narayan group of temples, built during the 10th-19th centuries, is another one. Sita Ram Temple, Bansi Gopal temple, Hari Rai temple and Kharura Mohalla belong to 10th century. Sui Mata Temple and Chamunda Devi Temple are built during 11th century. Akhand Chandi palace is a palace built in 11th century, which is now a college.

How Do I Go to Chamba?

Chamba Hill Station town is at around 120 kilometers from Pathankot Junction railway station, the nearest railway station. Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh state and a major tourist center in India, is at around 340 kilometers distance from Chamba.

Chmba is at around 120 kilometers from the nearest airport at Pathankot. Amritsar, Chandigarh, Dharamsala and Kangra airports are other nearby airports. New Delhi international airport is at around 600 kilometers from Chamba.

Top 4 Hill Stations in India, Shimla, Darjeeling, Ooty, Lonavala

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Top 4 Hill stations in India region-wise are Shimla in the North, Darjeeling in the East, Ooty in the South and Lonavala in the West.

St. Michael's Catholic Church at Shimla, one of the Top 4 Hill stations in IndiaSt. Michael’s Catholic Church at Shimla, one of the Top 4 Hill stations in India.

Shimla, One Among the Top 4 Hill stations in India

Shimla in North India is situated in Himachal Pradesh state. Shimla hill station offers panoramic view of the Himalayas. Its considered as the best hill station in India. There is a ropeway to Shimla from downtown.

Shimla is at around 223 miles from New Delhi, the capital of India. Shimla is well connected by roads. Kalka railway station is the nearest broad gauge railway station. Kalka station is connected to Shimla by Kalka- Shimla narrow gauge railway line. This railway line is a UNESCO World heritage site and is part of “Mountain Railways of India” along with similar narrow gauge lines at Darjeeline and Ooty. New Delhi airport and railway stations are well connected to other parts of the world.

Darjeeling, One Among the Top 4 Hill stations in India

Darjeeling hill station in West Bengal state is a beautiful hill station in the Western India. Darjeeling offers view of the Lesser Himalayas. Darjeeling Tea is a famous Geo-patented tea from this region.

New Jalpaiguri railway station near Silguri is the nearest railway station to Darjeeling at around 50 kilometers distance. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway starts from here. Bagdogra Airport is the nearest airport at around 90 kilometers distance from Darjeeling hill station.

Ooty, One Among the Top 4 Hill stations in India

Ooty hill station in Tamilnadu is a beautiful hill station in the South. Ooty is also known as Udhagamandalam or Udhagai. Ooty is part of the Nilgiri mountains or Blue mountains.

Coimbatore is the nearest city with airport at 86 kilometers away. Coimbatore junction railway station is the nearest major railway station which is connected to other parts of the country. Mettupalayam is the nearest railway station on the broad gauge. Very few trains go to Mettupalayam. Heritage Mountain railway to Ooty starts from Mettupalayam.

Lonavala, One Among the Top 4 Hill stations in India

Lonavala hill station in Maharashtra state is another beautiful hill station in the Western part of India. Its part of the Sahyadri ranges of Western Ghats. Khandala hill station is an adjacent twin hill station at around 3 kilometers from Lonavala hill station.

All trains stops at Lonavla railway station. Pune city is the nearest major city with an airport, at around 64 kilometers distance. Mumbai is another major city at 104 kilometers away from Lonavala hill station.

Kufri, Ski Tracks,Himalayan Monal,Horseback Riding,Yak Riding

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Kufri is a hill station town at an altitude of 7000 feet in Himachal Pradesh state, India. The State bird, Himalayan Monal, is found here.

Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) at Kufri
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) at Kufri

Kufr means lake in the local language and hence got its name.

Kufri wild life zoo is known for Himalayan species of birds and animals. The zoo has Antilopes and Felines along with Himalayan birds. Its located at around 13 kilometers distance from Shimla.

Himalayan Nature Park is spread over an area of 90 hectares of land, at an altitude of 2,600 meters and is home to many wild animalsof the Western Himalayas.

Hip Hip Hurray is a famous amusement cum Adventure Park famous among the tourists.

The town is also known for its popular ski tracks. Horseback riding and Yak Riding is also popular among the tourists here.

Kufri is known for its scenic beauty. This small town was the summer retreat of many erstwhile princely states of India. Mahasu Peak is the highest point here.

How Do I Go to Kufri?

Kufri is located at around 13 around kilometers distance from Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh state.

Shimla has an airport and railway station. Chandigarh airport is at around 130 kilometers distance. Kufri town is connected with Narkanda, Rampur and Shimla towns by roads.

April to June is the summer season here ad is ideal for tourists to visit during this time. November to March are the ideal for Skiingenthusiasts to visit this hill station town.

Bibi Ka Maqbara, Taj of the Deccan, Mausoleum

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Bibi Ka Maqbara is the mausoleum of the first wife of sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Bibi Ka Maqbara is situated at Aurangabad in Maharashtra state, India.

Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad.

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara in a mausoleum in memory of Dilras Banu Begum, who was posthumously known as Rabia-ud-Daurani.

Unlike his father. Emperor Aurangzeb never built any monumental structures during his reign spanning 49 years (from 1658 until his death in 1707). Only exception was Bibi-Ka-Maqbara. Bibi Ka Maqbar was built in 1660, during the reign of Aurangzeb, by his son Prince Azam Shah. Prince Azam Shah was the eldest son of Aurangzeb and Dilras Banu Begum. Prince Azam Shah was crowned as the Sixth Mughal emperor on his father’s demise. He reigned from 14 March 1707 to 8 June 1707 and was defeated and killed by his elder step-brother, Prince Shah Alam. (Prince Shah Alam was crowned as the seventh Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah I, on 8 June 1707. He reigned for 5 years till his death.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara Tomb resembles the famous Taj Mahal of Agra. This is the largest structure that Aurangzeb built during his lifetime. due to its resemblance to TajMahal, Hence Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is also known as Dakkhani Taj (in Hindi), which means Taj of the Deccan. (Deccan is the name of the region, Deccan Plateau where this structure is located.)

Bibi Ka Maqbara is hexagonal in shape is mostly encased with Jaipur marbles. Its angles are ornamented with minarets.

How Do I Go to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara?

Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is located at Aurangabad. Aurangabadis well connected road to other parts of the country. Aurangabad railway station is nearest major railway station. Aurangabad Airport is the nearest airport to Bibi-Ka-Maqbara.