Category Archives: Bihar

Bihar tourism related information including its hill stations, pilgrimage centers, wildlife sanctuaries, trekking destinations, falls, etc.

Rajgir, Buddhism, Jainism and Great Epic of Mahabharata

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Rajgir is a historic city in Nalanda district, Bihar, India. It was the capital of kingdom of Magadha and Great Mauryan Empire. 1000 B.C. dated ceramics have been found in this ancient city. Jainism and Buddhism have deep roots at Rajgir, as Lord Mahavir and Gautama Buddha stayed here. Vulture’s Peak mountain on the city outskirts was the venue for Atanatiya conference.

Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.

World Peace Pagoda at Rajgir is one among the 80 Pagodas in the world and is a famous tourist spot. Hot water springs of Rajgir, known as Brahmakund, are famous and is holy for Hindus. There is a rope way to this city, which is another tourist attraction.

This place is a historic site in the Great epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata mentions the battles between Pandavas & Lord Krishna (allies) with Jarasandha, who was the king of this place. Lord Krishna defeated Jarasandha 17 times. On the 18th occasion, Lord Krishna left the battlefield without going in for a battle. A wrestling match between Bhima (one among the five Pandavas) and King Jarasandha is also mentioned in Mahabharata. ‘Jarasandha’s Akhara’ is a famous martial arts center here.

Jain and Buddhist scriptures also mentions this historical place. Lord Mahavira of Jainism spent 14 years at this place and nearby Nalanda. 1200 years old Munisuvrat bhagwan temple along with Jain temples are situated here.

How Do I Go to Rajgir?

There is a railway station at this town with daily direct trains to New Delhi. Patna is the nearest major city at 100 kilometers distance. Mokameh is at 100 kilometers distance. Bakhtiarpur is a city in between Patana and Mokameh. NH82 connects the city with other parts of the country. NH 30A and NH31 are other Highways passing through the nearby cities mentioned above.

Birla Mandir, Birla Family Tree

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Birla Mandirs are a group of temples constructed by the Birla family (Birlas) across India. Birla Mandirs exists at New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kurushetra , Shahad, Bhopal, BITS Pilani,Jaipur, Patna, Akola, Varanasi (2 Birla Mandirs at Varanasi), Renukoot, Nagda, Brajrajnagar, Gwalior and Alibaug,

Birla Mandir construction is still going on at some places and the family believes in continuing the work.

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal

Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple alias Birla Mandir at New Delhi, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939

Birla Mandir at Bhopal
Birla Mandir at Bhopal

Birla Mandirs at Delhi and Bhopal were constructed to fill a void. i.e These cities had no big temples. Delhi temple confirms to Nagara style of architecture, even though it was built using modern technology.

Architecture of Birla Mandirs Other Than Delhi and Bhopal

Most of the other Birla temples are built using marble or sandstone, in either Chandela Style of Architecture or Solanki Style of Architecture, both of which existed in the 10th-12th centuries.

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani

Birla Mandir at BITS Pilani campus is made of white marble and is a replica of the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. Gwalior Birla Mandir is a replica of the Konark Sun Temple.

Birla Group of Companies

Birla Mandirs across India are from Birla Family, who owns the Birla Group of companies. Birla family group is one of the leading business groups in India. Birla family members are the descendants of Seth Shobharam. Birlas belong to Pilani, a town in Rajasthan and are Marwari community, a community known for its business skills across India.

Birla Family Tree

Kumar Mangalam Birla, a fourth generation member of the Birla business family, currently heads the business after the demise of his father Aditya Vikram Birla in 1995. Aditya Vikram Birla is the son of Basant Kumar Birla ( Basant Kumar Birla is the grandfather of the current group head, Kumar Mangalam Birla and is currently the chairman of BITS Pilani) and grandson of Ghanshyam Das Birla. Ghanshyam Das Birla is the son of Baldeo Das Birla and grandson of Shiv Narayana Birla. Shiv Narayan Birla is the son of Seth Shobharam and grandson of Seth Bhudharmal.

Valmiki National Park

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at Betiah in West Champaran district, Bihar, India.

Valmiki Wildlife sanctuary is a ‘Project Tiger Reserve’, to save Royal Bengal Tigers, India’s National Animal, from extinction. The Tiger reserve is called ‘Valmiki Tiger Reserve’ and is part of the Gangetic Plains. Valmiki Tiger reserve is the only Tiger reserve in the state of Bihar.

Tree-hut in Valmiki National Park
Tree-hut in Valmiki National Park. Photo Source : valmikitigerreserve.com

Valmiki National Park forms the eastern border for the Himalayan Terai landscape. These forests are rich in flora and Fauna. There are more than 250 species of birds in the Valmiki National Park. Valmiki National Park has the biggest grasslands in India.

Bheriyari Watch tower is a must see location, where you can see herds of herbivores, in their natural habitat and is a bird watching site also. Bhikhna Thori is a popular picnic spot at the north-eastern corner of the sanctuary, bordering Nepal. You can also go for Boating or Rafting in Rohua Nala river, a tributary of river Gandak. Sikara is a boating cum bird watching location. Trekking 1.5 kilometers distance through the dense forests to Manor watch tower, to have the view of Manor river and the beautiful snow-clad Himalayan hills, is also popular among the tourists.

Nature Walk accompanied by guides through designated 4 to 5 kilometers route is also available. Tiger Trail trekking in the mornings, accompanied by experts, on the paths traversed by the Bengal tigers, gives you excellent insights into Tigers. Children aged below 15 years are not allowed for these two trekking; Nature walk and Tiger Trail trekking.

Valmiki Ashram, a religiously important place for Hindus, is situated in this National park close to the India-Nepal border. Its the place of Valmiki, the great epic writer who wrote Ramayana. Its the location where Laxman abandoned Sita as per Lord Ram’s commandment. Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush in this Valmiki Ashram.

How do I Go To Valmiki National Park?

Valmiki National Park is at accessible from Betiah village, which is well connected by roads to other parts of Bihar. “Valmiki Nagar Railway Station” is the nearest railway station on the Gorakhpur-Muzaffarpur railway line, via Narkatiaganj. Patna airport is the nearest airport to Valmiki National Park and Wildlife sanctuary. Patna is at around 275 kilometers from the National Park and Tiger Reserve. Muzaffarpur is at 200 kilometrs distance from the wildlife sanctuary. Vaishali, World’s First Republic, is situated at around 140 kilometers from Valmiki National Park and Wildlife sanctuary

Is Accommodation Available Inside Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary?

Yes; There are ten eco-friendly huts with double occupancy beds at 4 places; Two each at Valmikinagar,Naurangia Done, Manguraha and Four Eco-huts at Gobardhana. There is also a tree-hut at Kotraha .

Apart from Eco-huts, there are forest deaprtment Guest houses at Gobardhana, Kotraha, Madanpur, Manguraha,, Manpur and Naurangia Done. Tourists can book those in advance and stay there. There are 4 wooden double bed rooms in a heritage building at Ganauli.

Kakolat Falls

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Kakolat Falls is a beautiful, 160 feet or 49 meter high, falls on the Kakolat hills of Nawada district in Bihar, India.

Kakolat FallsView of Kakolat Falls

Kakolat Falls is located on the border areas of Bihar and Jharkhand states. This cascading falls is a marvelous sight to any tourist. Tourists flock to this tourist spot from nearby cities and states and is a very popular weekend getaway place.

At the base of the falls, there is a natural reservoir formed from the Fall waters. There are many water sports and fun activities for the tourists at Kakolat.

Bishua or Chait Sankranti, a three day religious festival, is a major festival in the area and tourists comes in large numbers to Kakolat Falls during this festival time.

Wold’s Ancient University, Nalanda University, is at around 75 kilometers from this falls.

How do I go to Kakolat Falls in Nawada District of Bihar?

Kakolat Falls is at distance of 33 kilometers from the Nawada town in Bihar. Nawada news papers

Patna airport is the nearest airport and “Gaya Junction” is the nearest major railway station to the falls.NH 31, Patna – Kolkotta National Highway, is the major road link, close to falls, at around 17 kilometers from the falls.

There are regular buses to Thali, which is a small town, very close to the falls. Taxis and autos are also available from Thali and Nawada towns. Nawada news papers has useful information about Kakolat Falls.

Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in south west part of Munger district, Bihar state, India, south of the holy river, Ganges.

Peacock inside the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Peacock inside the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary.

Legend is that one of the ‘Pandavas’ constructed a dam (Bandh in Hindi Language) and hence the name Bhimbandh. )

There are many hot springs inside the Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary. Bhimbandh, Rishi Kund, Sita Kund,etc, are to name a few hot water springs in the Bhimbandh Wild-Life Sanctuary.

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is rich in Flora and Fauna. Bear, Tiger, Leopard, Cheetah, Jingle cat, fishing cat, leopard cats, etc, are to name a few of the wild animals inside the Wild Life Sanctuary. Crocodiles, Phtyon, King Cobra, etc, are some of the reptiles of this Wildlife Sanctuary. Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary is home to a large number of birds including Bulbul, Falcon, Kingfisher, Night jars, Peacock, Quail, Pied Horn-bill, Swallow, etc. Many migratory birds comes to this Wildlife Sanctuary during winter.

How do I go to Bhimbandh Wildiife Sanctuary?

Munger town is the nearest town to the wildlife sanctuary. NH 80 connects Bhimbandh with other parts of the country. Munger-Jamui state highway connects the wildlife sanctuary to NH-80. Munger is at around 55 kilometers from the Wild Life Sanctuary.

“Bhagalpur Junction” railway station on the Jamalpur-Bhagalpur section is the nearest railway station. Another convenient station is Jamui Railway Station, at around 20 kilometers distance. The nearest airport is the one at Patna, at around 200 kilometers distance.

Is Accommodation Aailable Inside the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary?

There is a Forest Guest House and a Tourist Lodge inside the Wildlife Sanctuary.

Vaishali,World’s First Republic & Archaeological Site

George Thiruvilakalayil George

Travel Related Blog Writer at touristinindia.com
George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

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Vaishali, considered to be World’s First Republic and currently an Archaeological site, is situated in the district with same name, Vaishali, in Bihar state of India.

VaishaliThe relic Stupa at Vaishali, where ashes of Buddha are believed to be kept. Photo Source : Creative commons Licensed under CC BY 2.5.

In 6th century B.C., representatives were elected for the assembly in Vaishali. It is believed to be World’s first Republic. Archaeologists have unearthed a huge mound with a seating capacity of 700 people, which is believed to be World’s first legislative building. There is a Coronation tank called “Abhiskek Pushkarn”. It is believed that all elected representatives were anointed here before they swear-in as members of assembly.

Lord Gautam Buddha visited Vaishali quite frequently and lord Gautama Huddha’s last sermon was at a place called Kolhua, which is very close to Vaishali. In third century B.C., the Great Mauryan emperor Ashoka, erected an Ashoka Pillar here, to commemorate this. The second great Buddhist council was held in Vaishali, hundred years after the Mahaparinirvana (which means ‘death’) of the Gautham Buddha. Two stupas (mound-like hemispherical structure containing ashes of Gautham Buddha and his cousin and monk Ananda) were erected at Vaishali to commemorate this event. Buddha’s ashes are believed to have been kept here. A portion of Buddha’s ashes are also kept at Patna Museum.

There is a grand Buddhist monastery on the outskirts of Vaishali, where Lord Buddha often discoursed.

Lord Mahavir of Jainism was born at Kundalpur (on the outskirts of Vaishali at 4 kilometers distance) around 2550 years ago. Lord Mahavir lived here till he attained the age of 22. Thus Vaishali has emerged as a famous pilgrimage center for the Buddhists and Jains.

There is a museum at Vaishali which contains some of the archaeological remains received from Vaishali. Close to the museum is the stupa where the the stone casket relic of ashes of Gautham Buddha are believed to be kept.

Bawan Pokhar Temple is one among the different tourist sites in Vaishali, which is an old temple, built during the Pala period, on the northern banks of Bawan Pokhar.

How do I go to Vaishali?

Patna is the nearest airport to Vaishali at around 70 kilometers distance. Hajipur Railway station is the nearest one at 35 kilometers distance, while Muzaffarpur Railway station is at around 40 kilometers distance. Vaishali is connected to all these cities by roads.