Author Archives: George Thiruvilakalayil George

About George Thiruvilakalayil George

George Thiruvilakalyil George is a blog writer. George is an expert on Local Business Citations, having created thousands of Local Citations for clients in USA, Australia, India, etc. George is also a web site designer with around 2 decades of experience. George started working on web related technologies from early 1996, immediately after internet access was introduced in 5 cities of India in August 1995.

Chamba Hill Station, Heritage Monuments, Pahari Paintings

Chamba is an ancient and famous hill station town in Himachal Pradesh state, India. It is situated at an altitude 996 meters (3268 feet) and is an ideal holiday retreat. Its is also a nature lovers paradise.

Chamba from across the river
Chamba from across the river.

Chamba Hill Station town is situated on the banks of the Ravi River, at its confluence with Sal River. These two rivers gets maximum waters during summer months, due to the melting of snow.

Ravi River, near Chamba
Ravi River, near Chamba.

Natives of Chamba Hill Station are known by the suffix Varmans. The available records dates back the origin of this ancient city to 2nd century BC. The area was under the reign of Maru dynasty from 500 AD. Raju Maru was the first ruler of the Maru dynasty. In 920, Raja Sahil Varman (or Raja Sahil Verma) shifted the capital to Chamba, on his daughter Champavati’s request. Hence the town got its name Champa. Champavati Temple is a famous ancient temple built by Raja Sahil Varman in memory of his daughter Champavati. Chamba was merged with the Indian Union in April 1948. In between 500 A.D. and its merger with Indian, 67 Maru dynasty kings reigned the dynasty.

Chamba Hill Station is famous for the Suhi Mata Mela and the Minjar Mela, two major fairs lasting for days, known for its music and dancing. Chamba is also famous for the Pahari paintings, which originated in the hill Kingdom, during the 17th to 19th century. Chamba is famous for its handicrafts and textiles.

There are many old heritage monuments like palaces and temples at the old town near Chamba. 10th century Champavati Temple is the major one among them. Champavati Temple has historical and religious relevance for Hindus. Goddess Mahisasuramardini is the deity here, which is the avatar of Goddess Durga.

Lakshmi Narayan group of temples, built during the 10th-19th centuries, is another one. Sita Ram Temple, Bansi Gopal temple, Hari Rai temple and Kharura Mohalla belong to 10th century. Sui Mata Temple and Chamunda Devi Temple are built during 11th century. Akhand Chandi palace is a palace built in 11th century, which is now a college.

How Do I Go to Chamba?

Chamba Hill Station town is at around 120 kilometers from Pathankot Junction railway station, the nearest railway station. Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh state and a major tourist center in India, is at around 340 kilometers distance from Chamba.

Chmba is at around 120 kilometers from the nearest airport at Pathankot. Amritsar, Chandigarh,Dharamsala and Kangra airports are other nearby airports. New Delhi international airport is at around 600 kilometers from Chamba.

Sariska Tiger Reserve, Sariska National Park

Sariska Tiger Reserve is situated along the Aravalli Mountain Range, in Alwar district, Rajasthan, India.

A Tiger inside Sariska Tiger Reserve
A Tiger inside Sariska Tiger Reserve.

Sariska was notified as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955. It was made a National park in 1982 and was declared as a Tiger reserve in 1978. As per the census carried out in February 2005, Tigers were extinct at this Tiger reserve, possibly due to poaching. Soon tigers were successfully relocated to this Tiger reserve from Ranthambore National Park. Currently, there are 13 tigers in Sariska; 7 females, 2 males and 4 cubs.

Sariska Tiger Reserve is rich in fauna. Some of the animals found in the National park includes Bengal Tiger, Leopard, rusty spotted cat, four-horned antelope, jungle cat, caracal (wild cat), spotted deer, wild boar, jackal, hyena, sambar, blue bull, etc.

How Do I Go to Sariska Tiger Reserve?

Sariska Tiger Reserve is situated at around 110 kilometers from Jaipur. New Delhi is at around 180 kilometers from Sariska Tiger Reserve.

Alwar Junction is a major railway station which is well connected to Jaipur and New Delhi. Jaipur, Chandigarh and New Delhi are the nearest airports to Sariska National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.

Sariska Palace Hotel

Sariska Palace Hotel is a heritage hotel built by Maharaja Jai Singh of the Princely state of Alwar in 1892 A.D., as a resting place for the royal family members during hunting. It is situated on the border of Sariska National Park. The hotel has Camel Safari packages for those interested in exploring the Aravali range of mountains.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union territory in Western India, consisting of 2 different geographical entities; namely Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Silvassa, Capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Silvassa, Capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Nagar Haveli is wedged between Maharashtra state and Gujarat state. Dadra is a smaller area surrounded by Gujarat. Silvassa is the capital city of the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Daman Ganga River flows through this union territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli was part of the Portuguese India till 1954. In 1954, residents of Dadra and Nagar Haveli conquered the territory. They requested administrative help from the government of India. An I.A.S. Officer was sent as the administrator, who continued till 1961.

In 1961, Indian military took control of Goa, Daman and Diu; the Portuguese possessions in India. Thereafter, the administrator was temporarily assigned as Prime Mister of Dadra and Nagar Haveli for a single day, to sign an agreement to merge the territory with India. He signed the agreement with Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India. Thus Dadra and Nagar Haveli became part of India as a Union Territory.

In 1974, a formal treaty was singed by India and Portugal to confirm the sovereignty of India over Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

The union territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is having an area of 491 square kilometers. Dadra and Nagar Haveli is rich in Flora and fauna. Nearly 40 per cent of the Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is covered by reserved forests. Its a paradise for the wildlife enthusiasts.

How Do I Go to Dadra and Nagar Haveli?

Vapi railway station in Gujarat is at around 18 kilometers distance from Silvassa, the capital city of the Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Mumbai is the nearest city with an International airport, at around 180 kilometers away. Surat is at around 140 kilometers from Dadra and Nagar Haveli. There is a domestic airport at Surat, which is connected to Delhi and Mumbai.

Falaknuma Palace, Palace Hotel, Heritage Hotel

Falaknuma Palace is a Palace which was owned by Nizam of Hyderabad, which is now converted into a Heritage Hotel. It is situated at Hyderabad, India.

Taj Falaknuma Palace, HyderabadTaj Falaknuma Palace, a palace hotel at Hyderabad.

Falaknuma Palace is spread over 32 acres of land. It was opened in 1893 as a Palace and was converted to a Five Star hotel in 2010. This Palace is known as Taj Falaknuma Palace.

Taj Falaknuma Palace was constructed by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra. Nawab was the prime minister of the then princely state of Hyderabad. He was the uncle and brother-in-law of the Nizam VI.

There are 60 rooms and 22 halls inside the Palace. There is a large collection of the Nizam of Hyderabad’s treasures. These include furniture, paintings, statues, manuscript and books. There is also an extensive collection of jades here.

The Billiards table at the palace was designed by Burroughs and Watts of England. There are only two such identical tables in the world; one at Buckingham Palace and the other at Falaknuma Palace. Carved walnut roofed library is a replica of the library at Windsor Castle.

The Dinning hall can seat 101 guests. Chairs are made of carved rosewood with green leather upholstery.

The ballroom has a manually operated Organ, weighting around two Tons. It is the only one of its kind in the world.

How Do I Go to Falaknuma Palace?

Taj Falaknuma is situated at Falaknuma, in Hyderabad city. This Taj Palace Hotel is at around 5 kilometers distance from Charminar.

Hyderabad is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Hyderabad railway station is a major station in India. There is an international airport at the outskirts of Hyderabad which is well connected to the rest of the world.

Mandu, Jama Masjid, First Marble Structure in India

Mandu is a city known for its fortress and is a ruined city, located in Dhar district of Western Madhya Pradesh, India.

Facade of the Jahaz Mahal, ManduFacade of the Jahaz Mahal at Mandu

Mandu situated at an altitude of 2079 feet, was prominent during the 10th and 11th centuries under the Paramaras. The fortress is a 13 kilometer long one, overlooking the plateau of Malwa and the Narmada River valley in the Northern and Southern sides, respectively.

Mandu is having rich and ancient history. The walls of the fort spans around 37 kilometers, punctuated by 12 gateways. There are a number of palaces, Jain temples and mosques of 14th century and other buildings. Hoshang Shah’s Tomb, marble tomb of the ruler inside the fort, is the first marble structure in India.

Hindola Mahal, which means Swing palace, is a major palace inside the palace complex. It is believed to be constructed in 14th or 15th century. Jahaz Mahal or Ship Palace is another magnificent palace situated inside the fort between two artificial lakes and it looks like a ship floating in water. Some of the other prominent buildings inside the palace complex are Tawili Mahal and Nahar Jharokha.

Some of the ancient and historical structures inside the fort are listed below, Roopmati’s Pavilion is a Large Sandstone Structure. Baz Bahadur’s Palace is a 16th century palace below Roopmati’s Pavilion. Rewa Kund is a reservoir intended to supply water to Roopmati’s Pavilion.

Jami Masjid inside the Mandu  Fort.Jami Masjid inside the Mandu Fort.

Jami Masjid is the finest structure inside the fort. Jama Masjid, the oldest mosque inside Mandu fort, dates back to 1405.

How Do I Go to Mandu alias Mandavgad ?

Mandu is located at around at 35 kilometers from Dhar city. Indore, the largest city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, is at a distance of around 100 kilometers.

Jhargram Raj Palace, Heritage Hotel, Historical Buildings

Jhargram Raj Palace is a historic palace and current residence of the Royal family of Malla Deb. The palace is situated in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bangal state, India.

Jhargram Raj PalaceJhargram Raj Palace

The Palace was built in 1931, during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb Bahadur. Jhargram Palace is constructed in Indo Saracenic style of architecture, which is a combination of Italian and Islamic architectures, The ground floor of the palace with 10 rooms and 3 dormitories, is converted to a Heritage Hotel and is run by the Royal family.

Jhargram Raj was established in 1592 by Sarveshwar Singh and his elder brother. Mughal Emperor Akbar granted Subehdari title to Sarveshwar Singh for the regions of of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Singh defeated the local tribal kings belonging to Mal community and established Jhargram Raj. “Malla Deb” is the title used by the Kings of the newly established kingdom. To commemorate this victory, an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day, every year.

Jhargram Raj Palace compound is spread over 30 acres of land and has many historical buildings. One among such historical buildings in the palace compound is the Palatial Guest House, which hosted many a dignitaries, right from its inception.

How Do I Go to Jhargram Raj Palace?

Jhargram Raj Palace is situated at Jhargram, on NH6, connecting Hazira in Gujarat with Howrah in West Bengal. This Highway passes through cities like Surat, Amravati, Nagpur, Bhilai, Raipur, Sambalpur.Baharagora, etc.

Jhargram Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the palace, which is connected to cities like Jamshedpur, Kolkata, Ranchi, Tatanagar, etc. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Kolkata is the nearest major airport at around 155 kilometers away from the great Jhargram Raj Palace. Sonari Airport at Jamshedpur is at around 96 kilometers away from the palace at Jhargram.