Keoladeo National Park is a wetland national park situated in in Bharatpur, Rajasthan state, India. This national park is spread over an area of 29 square kilometers.
This man-made-managed national park was created around 250 years back, by Maharaja Suraj Mal, King of the princely state of Bharatpur,
Construction of Ajan Bund by the King, at the confluence of river Gambhir and river Banganga, made the area flooded and this become a wetland. The park was declared as a bird sanctuary in 1976 and a national park in 1982. This Park was declared as a World Heritage Site under the world Heritage Convention in 1985.
The reserve forests are locally known as Ghana (means thicket) and hence the park is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park. This park was previously known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
This National park cum bird sanctuary is among the richest bird areas in the world. Migratory waterfowls are seen here during winter season for breeding. Courtship dance by Indian Sarus, a species of crane bird, can be seen here.
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This national park is rich in flora and fauna. There are 379 floral species, 366 species of birds, 50 fish specie, 13 snakes species, 5 lizards species, 7 species of amphibians and turtles.
26 sites from India finds its place in the Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), as decided at the Ramsar Convention. Keoladeo National Park is one among them.
Grazing is banned in this national park, a reserve forest under the state forest act.
How Do I Go to Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park, previously known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary?
Keoladeo National Park alias Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Keoladeo Ghana National Park is situated at around 5 kilometers distance from Bharatpur Junction railway station.