Warangal is a historic city in Telungana state of India. Warangal Fort, Thousand Pillar Temple and Ramappa Temple are the main tourist places here. These three historic sites are tentative sites to be added to the World Heritage sites by UNESCO.
Thousand Pillar Temple Ruins at Warangal
Kakatiya dynasty rulers built many temples here. Thousand Pillar Temple is believed to be built between 1175–1324 C.E. and is proof to architectural skills of Kakatiyas. Tughlaq dynasty rulers desecrated this star-shaped temple. The temple ruins are on the Hanamkonda-Warangal Highway side. Thousand Pillar Temple is at 3 kilometers distance from the Warangal railway station.
The temple is dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu & Surya. The highlight of the temple is the 1000 pillars; but no pillar obstructs the view of God statues from the visitor. A monolithic Nandi bull carving is there in the temple complex. Temple is surrounded by a big Garden.
Warangal Fort Ruins
Warangal Fort, a 12th century fort, was built by Kakatiya dynasty rulers to protect their capital city from enemies. This fort has 4 ornamental gates called Kakatiyan arch, which is incorporated into the Emblem of the recently formed Telangana state.
Koh-i-Noor diamond belonged to Prataparudra II of Kakatiya dynasty. He fought a tough battle with Malik Kafur , Genreal for Delhi Sultan, for around 6 months, in 1309. The Kohinoor diamond along with other valuables and an annual tribute payment were part of the truce agreement with Kafur, who was the general of Sultan of Delhi, Alauddin Khilji.
In the Later years, Sultan of Delhi attached Prataparudra II twice, as he avoided paying the annual tribute amount. In 1320, then Sultan of Delhi, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, sent his son Ulugh Khan to recover the defaulted tribute amount. After initial hiccups, he captured the fort and destroyed the capital city of Warrangel including the great Svayambhusiva Temple. Pratapa Rudra II surrendered. On his way to Delhi he died or committed suicide, on the banks Godavari River. The capital city of Warrangal was renamed as Sultanpur. Dehli Sultan ruled Sultanpur till 1335, which later on went into the hands of Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda and then to Nizam of Hyderabad. The Fort was modified 15th & 17th centuries. Fort remains tops the list of visiting places in Warangal.
Ramappa Temple is located in Palampet village, at a distance of 70 kilometers from Warangal city. 1213 A.D. inscriptions in the temple indicates that the temple was built by the Kakatiya ruler, Ganapati Deva. Walls, pillars & ceilings of the temple is known for its intricate carvings. A big Nandi statue still remains in good condition. The temple is still in good condition, except for the outer compound wall and some small structures inside the temple complex.
How Do I Go to Warangal?
Warangal railway station is the railway station in the city. The city is well connected by roads to other parts of the country. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad city outskirts is the nearest airport to Warrangal at 175 kilometers distance. (Warangal airport was closed in 1981.)