Rajgir, Buddhism, Jainism and Great Epic of Mahabharata

Rajgir is a historic city in Nalanda district, Bihar, India. It was the capital of kingdom of Magadha and Great Mauryan Empire. 1000 B.C. dated ceramics have been found in this ancient city. Jainism and Buddhism have deep roots at this city, as Lord Mahavir and Gautama Buddha stayed here. Vulture’s Peak mountain on the city outskirts was the venue for Atanatiya conference.

Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) on Vulture Peak, Rajgir.

World Peace Pagoda at Rajgir is one among the 80 Pagodas in the world and is a famous tourist spot. Hot water springs of Rajgir, known as Brahmakund, are famous and is holy for Hindus. There is a rope way to this city, which is another tourist attraction.

This place is a historic site in the Great epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata mentions the battles between Pandavas & Lord Krishna (allies) with Jarasandha, who was the king of this place. Lord Krishna defeated Jarasandha 17 times. On the 18th occasion, Lord Krishna left the battlefield without going in for a battle. A wrestling match between Bhima (one among the five Pandavas) and King Jarasandha is also mentioned in Mahabharata. ‘Jarasandha’s Akhara’ is a famous martial arts center here.

Jain and Buddhist scriptures also mentions this historical place. Lord Mahavira of Jainism spent 14 years at this place and nearby Nalanda. 1200 years old Munisuvrat bhagwan temple along with Jain temples are situated here.

How Do I Go to Rajgir?

There is a railway station at this town with daily direct trains to New Delhi. Patna is the nearest major city at 100 kilometers distance. Mokameh is at 100 kilometers distance from Rajgir. Bakhtiarpur is a city in between Patana and Mokameh. NH82 connects the city with other parts of the country. NH 30A and NH31 are other National Highways of India passing through the nearby cities of Rajgir, mentioned above.

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Tags: buddhism, Gautama Buddha, historic sites, jainism, Lord Mahavir, Mahabharata, ropeway

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