Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park is situated in Sanguem taluk, Goa and is spread over an area of 240 square kilometers. The park shares its eastern border with Karnataka state.
Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park is divded into two parts as National Highway Number 4A passes through the park. Mormugao – Londa railway line passes through the park area. Dudhsagar Falls, 4 tiered cascading waterfalls, is inside this park. Many temples built during the Kadamba Dynasty are seen inside Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary.
Originally known as Mollem Game Sanctuary, it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1969. Later on, in 1978, a portion of the wildlife sanctuary was declared as Mollem National Park and name was changed to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park.
The sanctuary has several perennial water sources. Goa depends on the Mahadayi river for 60 % its water needs. which originates in the border areas of Karnataka and Goa. Tambdi Waterfall is a beautiful fall slightly shorter than the magnificent Dudhsagar Falls is also inside the sanctuary. Tambdi falls is difficult to access as it requires climbing steep rocky path.
Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary is very rich in flora and fauna with 722 species of flowering plants. 128 species of endemic plants, endemic to either Western Ghats or to India are seen in this sanctuary. An additional 37 species of Pteridophytes (plants which neither flowers nor have seeds; but reproduce and disperse via spores) are also found in this National Park. Many Mammals, Butterflies, birds and Reptiles are also seen in this park and is home to pristine vegetation like West Coast tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests.
Dhangar, a tribal community of nomadic buffalo herders (mainly seen in Maharastra and Goa), lives in this park.
How Do I Go to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park?
Molem is the nearest town to Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollen National Park at around 57 kilometers distance from Panaji, capital of Goa state, India.