Palamau Tiger Reserve is the lone tiger reserve (where Tigers are spotted recently) in the state of Jharkhand. It is one among the nine original tiger reserves in India. This Tiger reserve is part of Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary.
This Tiger Park is spread over an area of 1,129.93 square kilometers (436 sq miles) in Latehar and Garhwa Districts. It was declared as a Tiger reserve in 1974. Core area of the Tiger reserve is spread over 414.93 square kilo meters. The buffer area is spread over an area of around 650 square kilometers. Palamau Tiger Reserve is part of the Famous Betla National Park. It is also a Project Tiger reserve for conservation of Bengali tigers.
Apart from Tigers, this Tiger Reserve has Elephants, Leopards, Sambars, Gaurs and Wild Dogs, to name few of the other wild animals.
One male Tiger and five female Tigers are there in the Tiger Reserve, as per the 2012 counting (undertaken using DNA to prevent over-counting). As per the 1974 count, there were 50 Tigers in this Tiger Reserve. As per 2007 count, there were 17 Tigers. As per Forest department, the core area of the Tiger reserve is inaccessible due to difficult terrain and Naxalite presence. Hence, an accurate count of Tigers is not possible.
North Koel River, a sub-tributary of Ganga River, runs through the Palamau Tiger Reserve. Over 140 species of birds are sighted in Palamau reserve forests. Two white vultures were spotted in the Tiger reserve at Palamau in 2013, after a gap of nearly 10 years.
How Do I Go to Palamau Tiger Reserve?
Palamau Reserve for Begali Tigers can be reached by taking National Highway 39. It takes around one and a half hours drive, to travel from Latehar to the tiger reserve, to cover 65 kilometers distance by road.