Bhimbetka is a UNESCO World Heritage site and the oldest Indian petroglyph archaeological site dating back to the Paleolithic Era, establishing proof of human habitation in the Indian sub-Continent. Paleolithic Era is the period extending from around 2.6 million years back to Pleistocene Period which is around 10,000 BP (Before Present) years. ‘Present’ is taken as 1 January 1950 , when radiocarbon dating technology was available.
Bhimbetka is situated in Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. Some of the rock shelters in the area were dwellings to ‘Homo erectus’ (extinct species of Hominin) for more than 3 lack years ago. There are many rock paintings among the rock shelters of Bhimbetka, which were painted using vegetable colors, and stood the test of time. 30000 year old rock paintings were found in the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka. More than 750 rock shelters were discovered in the region. Bhimbetka is home to world’s oldest stone walls and floors and is among the best petroglyph found anywhere in the world..
Bhimbetka rock shelters are inside the Ratapani wildlife sanctuary and Ratapani Tiger reserve. Bhimbetka is at the southern portion of Vindhya hills and Satpura Range of hills lies south of Bhimbetka Rock Shelters. Mountain ranges of Vindhya and Satpura, the two east-west mountain ranges, divides the Indian sub-continent into North and South India,
How Do I Go to Bhimbetka Rock Shelters?
Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh state, is the nearest city to Bhimbetka rock shelters, at around 45 kilometers south-east of Bhopal on the Bhopal – Hoshangabad road. Raja Bhoj Airport at Bhopal is the nearest airport to Bhimbetka Rock Paintings site.
OBAIDULLA GANJ with station code ODG, a small station where a few trains stops, is the closest railway station at around 7 kilometers to Bhimbetka petroglyph painting rocks site. (Few trains from Mumbai, Gujarat and from some other central Indian cities stops here.) Nearest major railway station is the one at Bhopal.