Badrinath temple is in Chamoli District of Uttarakhand state in India. Badrinath is one among the four pilgrimage sites of the Char Dham Pilgrimage; other three being Dwarka (in Gujarat state), Puri Jagannath (in Odissa Sate), and Rameshwaram (in Tamilnadu State). These Char Dham sites are a must visit places in ones lifetime for Hindus to attain Moksha (eternal freedom).
Geographically, the char dham pilgrimage temples make a perfect square with Badrinath (North) and Rameswaram (South) falling on the same longitude and Dwarka (West) and Puri (East) on the same latitude, representing the farthest points of India existed during the time of Seer Adi Sankarachraya who defined these Char Dham temples. (Over the last centuries, the coastline has changed a little).
Badrinath temple is holy Vaishnavite temple at a height of more than 11100 feet above sea level. It is referred as a holy place in many of the old scripture books. ‘Adi Shankara’ re-established Badrinath as a holy pilgrimage center in 9th century when he visited this temple and found a black stone of Lord Badrinarayan from the river nearby.
The temple has undergone renovations many a times and the last one was by the Jaipur King in 18th century.
How do I Go to Badrinath Char Dham Pilgrimage Site?
Rishikesh at around 300 kilometers is the nearest railway had to Badrinath temple. NH 58 connects Badrinath with Rishikesh, New Delhi etc. Regular bus services from Rishikesh to Badrinath. The are no buses to Badrinath after sunset as the road is narrow after Joshimath and is very dangerous for night travel. You can travel up to Joshinath and stay there (by other modes of transport), if you miss last bus.
Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun is the nearest airport at 315 kilometers which is well connected to New Delhi International and Domestic airport.