Fatehpur Sikri, the erstwhile Mughal Capital, is in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh in India. Fateh Pur sirki is at 37 kilometers distance from Agra, famous for one of the seven wonders of the world, Taj Mahal. Fatehpur Sikri tour is part of golden triangle tour packages in India, as Fatehpur is on your way to Jaipur from Agra. Golden triangle India tour package cover Delhi, Agra and Jaipur in 3 neighboring Indian states.
Fatehpur Sikri, Mughal Capital, was founded by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1569 on the Sikri ridge.
Fateh pur Sikri is a well planned gated city (the massive gate and fort still stands intact) with a series palaces, royal courts, many utility buildings, etc. There is a mosque inside the city. There is a dam also at Fatehpur Sikri, remains of which can be seen even now.
Fatehpur Sikri was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The construction of Fatehpur Sikri was of great interest to Emperor Akbar. The construction of this planned gated city took 15 years. The 3 sides of the city have walls while the fourth side was a lake that time. The style of the buildings in the city is the combination of many regional architecture which was only seen in Akbar’s Fathepur city.
It is one of the best maintained Mughal Architecture in India, built with red sandstones which is locally available. It was the capital of Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.
In 1585, Akbar Shifted the capital to Lahore, due to shortage of water and political instability in the nearby areas. The capital was shifted to Agra again in 1598.
How Do I Go to Fatehpur Sikri, The Erstwhile The Mughal Capital City?
Fatehpur Sikri railway station is the nearest railway station, within one kilometer distance from the city center.
It is well connected by roads. The highway Agra-Jaipur passes through the front gate of Fateh pur Sikri.
The nearest airport is at Agra, 40 kilometers away.